Police Work in Evansville
Researched and Written by Ruth Ann Montgomery
October and November 1998 Revised 2009

In the early days, Evansville appeared to be free of crime sprees and civil disputes and there was little need for full time police
officers.  Neighbors looked after each other's property.  Although the Rock County Sheriff was sometimes called on to sell the
property of some bankrupt merchant or farmer, there was seldom a crime to solve in the northwestern part of the county.

When the village officially formed as a separate governing body in the spring of 1866, the village board established several
ordinances.  The Village Trustee President enforced the laws.  Under section seven of the village charter, the president was to
"maintain peace and good order and see that the ordinances, rules and regulations of the village are faithfully executed and
observed."  

One of the first ordinances passed by the Board of Trustees was to prohibit minors from playing at the pool tables in public
establishments.   Edwin L. Winston had rented a room from local hotel owner, Tyler Campbell.  Winston had installed pool tables in
the room and had violated the law by letting minors play pool.   

Winston was charged with violating the law and the case went before a jury in Janesville.  When Winston was found guilty, the village
board also blamed Tyler Campbell, the proprietor of the Central House hotel, and forced him to close the doors of his hotel.  The
local newspaper disagreed with the board's decision and declared that "the closing of the doors savors too much spite to excite
sympathy."  The hotel was allowed to reopen within a short period of time.

Although serious crimes were rare, a series of burglaries was reported in Evansville's first newspaper in 1868.  Two local hotels as
well as homes were looted.  The hotel managers told the local newspaper that several of their lodgers' rooms had been ransacked
and money, jewelry and other valuables had been taken.  

In September 1868, thieves entered houses and hotels almost every night.  The Evansville Citizen stated: "Within the past two
weeks, some house or other has either been forcibly entered or persons of doubtful intentions have been driven from the yards.  
The fact cannot be obscured but that our village is infested with a gang of unmitigated house thieves and midnight burglars."

Many suspected that tramps had arrived by way of the railroad and were responsible for the thefts.  Some talked of forming a patrol
guard to keep the village free of the "miserable vagrants".  People were warned to arm themselves against intruders, but were
cautioned not to accidentally shoot an innocent person.

A village ordinance prevented horses, mules, cattle, sheep or swine from running at large on the village streets.   To enforce the
law, the village board appointed a pound master to take charge of the wandering livestock.

The local pound master was also the local butcher and any animals that he caught were taken to his stock pens and held.   Owners
were charged one dollar per day for each head of livestock, plus the cost of impounding the animal.  If no one claimed the animals,
the butcher was allowed to sell the livestock at public auction.  

On special occasions, the village board used its powers and appointed several police officers.  When the board made an ordinance
prohibiting fire works within the city limits; they appointed two-day police and two night police for special duty on the Fourth of July in
1870.  James Ballard and Henry Hubbard were appointed to act as day police and Charles Hunter and William F. Williams as night
police to see that the ordinance was enforced.

The Rock County Deputy Sheriff enforced local laws in the area.   James M. Ballard served as the village constable in 1874 and was
reelected in 1875.  Ballard was also a deputy sheriff for the Rock County Sheriff's office.  

The most frequent complaints to law officers came from the disruption and fear caused by the arrival of vagrants.  The railroad
provided easy transportation for a growing number of homeless men who traveled the country.  

Many were young men unable to find jobs when the country's economy plummeted after the financial panic of 1873.   Those who
rode the rails would climb unto the trains and ride beneath the Pullman cars between train stops.  

At first the men gained sympathy from people who would give them food and clothing.  However, as more of the men began to ride
the rails and begged for food, Evansville's residents became worried about an invasion of tramps.

In the summer of 1878, a rumor spread throughout the village that the town would soon be overrun with a group of tramps who had
been committing crimes in Beloit.  Many of the residents feared that if William F. Williams, the Rock County Deputy Sheriff, had to
transport a prisoner to Janesville's jail, the village would be left unprotected.

Martin V. Pratt called a meeting at the village hall to discuss the problem.  Pratt suggested that the people consider "ways and
means to avoid an influx of that migratory population that are infesting our cities, railway lines, impeding traffic, terrorizing our
homes, besides a nuisance to the public."  

A vigilance committee was appointed to help protect the village residents and property in case of Williams' absence.  People were
also warned not to give the tramps any encouragement by giving them food or shelter.  

Some also expressed a need for a jail in Evansville.  When the influx of tramps from Beloit never materialized, the vigilance
committee dissolved.

If the local police did make an arrest, there was no place to house the prisoner.  The village charter did not allow the board to
authorize a jail and anyone who was arrested was taken to the county jail in Janesville.

The village board expected that the marshal would keep regular business hours, but he was not expected to work evenings or
weekend.   A night watchman was hired to patrol the streets when the marshal was not on duty.  Some businesses employed their
own security men for the evening hours.

Evansville had little crime, but in March 1879, Deputy Williams had to solve a case of vandalism at the City cemetery.  Someone had
marred more than 100 tombstones and it was almost a year later that the mystery was solved.  

When the Village Board offered a reward of $200 for information about the vandalism, many people came forward with information.  
There were so many who wanted to give evidence that the Board had to call a special meeting to settle the claims for the reward.

The vandal, was a local marble cutter, George Craig, who was trying to increase business for the tombstone shop where he was
employed.  After the tombstones were defaced, Craig had contacted the families who maintained the graves to see if they wanted
him to repair or replace the stones.  

Some had heard Craig talking to himself as he went about the cemetery estimating the cost of the stones.  "Well, let's see what we
can charge you for fixing up this piece," and other comments were reported at his trial.  His anxious attempt to obtain work and his
irreverence in the graveyard was taken as evidence of his guilt and the Rock County Court found Craig guilt of defacing tombstones
and ordered him to spend three months in the county jail.

A revised village charter in 1879 allowed Evansville to have a full time police officer for the first time.  The charter created the office
of village marshal and also allowed the Village Trustees to build a jail for criminals.  

The first election under the new charter was held in May 1879.  William F. Williams was the only candidate for marshal.  The voters
gave Williams 119 votes.  There was one vote for Homer Potter.  Williams was declared the winner of the election.  He also received
the highest number of votes for constable and under the new charter filled both offices.  

At their first meeting following the election, Village President, William Winston, proposed that the village board build a jail, or the
"watch house" as it was popularly known.  However, four of the seven village officers voted against the proposal and Winston
immediately offered his resignation in protest.  

It was nearly a year later that the jail was considered again.  In July 1880, the Village Board agreed to get bids to build a small stone
block building for a jail in the northwest corner of the village hall lot.  

Frank Springer was given the contract for building the jail at a cost of $412.07.   It was finished in September 1880 and the village
board accepted the building from the contractor.

The jail was sixteen feet square and fourteen feet high.  The stone walls were 18 inches thick.  The foundation was placed four feet
below the surface and the building had a tin roof.  

There were two cells with a dining room that could also be used as a cell, if needed.  A Mr. Baker donated a stove to heat the small
building, but the trustees were warned that it needed to be fixed before it could be used.  Marshal Williams was charged with
repairing the donated stove.





























Marshal Williams was also appointed to be the jail janitor.  He was responsible for keeping the jail clean, heated and ventilated.  He
also had to supply separate quarters if there were men and women confined in the jail.  

The Village Board was concerned about the expense of running the jail and did not want to pay the marshal for any overtime.  The
board agreed that the prisoners could be released once the marshal went home for the day.   

In addition to maintaining the jail, Williams served as street commissioner and built bridges and maintained the village streets and
sidewalks.  The jail was used almost immediately, as one of William's first prisoners was also named Williams.  However, they claimed
no relationship to one another.

The occasional criminal complaint more often resulted in a fine than a sentence to the jail.  The most frequently violated ordinance
was the one concerning "disorderly or riotous conduct, gross, intoxication, indecent exposure of the person or obscene language in
the streets."  

A young man was brought before police justice D. L. Mills on a charge of "intemperance and boisterous conduct".  When the man
pled guilty, he agreed to pay a fine of $3.00 and $1.17 court costs rather than go to jail.  

Even local businessmen were not exempt from arrest by the new marshal.  Drugstore owner, Dr. E. H. Winston and his clerk, J. M.
Owen were arrested for selling liquor at the store.  Each man pleaded guilt to the charge and paid hefty fines for the day.  Owen was
charged $34.05 and Winston $37.78.  

A few weeks later, Marshal Williams warned citizens against harboring or contributing to the indigency of "a lazy woman" who had
stolen a ring from a local lady.  Williams was able to retrieve the stolen property and because the thief had a small child, did not
keep her in jail.

As Williams ended his first year in office, he tried to solve a case of burglary at a local grocery store.  The thief was in need of a
large quantity of tobacco products.  The store owner, Mr. Griffin, reported that he was missing "a couple of hundred cigars, about a
third of a pail of fine cut tobacco, a lot of plug tobacco, some jack knives" and a little cash.  The case was never solved.

The Village Board considered William F. Williams to be a capable administrator Williams had served with Wisconsin's 13th Infantry
regiment during the Civil War.  After returning for the southern battlefields, he married Ellen J. Ballard.  

Williams had been a student at the Evansville Seminary and had served in a variety of occupations.  For several years he farmed,
and had worked as a railroad construction contractor.  

During his term as marshal, Williams the Evansville Village Board also appointed him to several other offices with a variety of
responsibilities.  Williams was appointed to be the street commissioner, sexton, fire warden and pound master.

In January 1881, he was also appointed Deputy Sheriff under the administration of Rock County Sheriff Skavlem.  "We think it is
generally regarded as being a good choice," the Evansville Review editor commented.

When the village clerk, N. W. Adair, died unexpectedly in April 1881, Williams was appointed to act as the clerk.  At the next election,
the voters chose Charles Spencer to fill the clerk's position, and Williams returned to performing the tasks for just five offices for the
village.

Since the marshal's job was an elected office, Williams faced an annual challenge at the polls.  On May 3,1881, the annual election
brought out three candidates for the office of marshal.  William Williams received 134 votes, J. Boyd Jones, 113 and Martin V. Pratt
1.  Williams retained his position as marshal of the Village of Evansville.   At this same election, the voters cast a majority for
discontinuing the office of constable.  

As equipment for his job as street commissioner, the village board purchased a six-dollar wheelbarrow for William's equipment.  The
board also appointed Ed E. Scott as a special policeman and V. M. Dresback as the Deputy Marshall.  

Dresback and Scott acted as policemen for special events, such as the annual Fourth of July celebration.  During the rest of the
year, the two men worked with Williams as a public works crew.  They did special projects required by Williams' other offices, the
street commissioner, sexton, pound master and fire warden.  

As fire warden in the summer of 1881, Williams had ordered three chimneys in the village's fire district condemned.  When the
storeowners did not take care of the repairs, the village board sent the fire warden and his assistants to perform the repairs and
then billed the property owners for the cost.

Later that summer, the village board also asked Williams to build a galvanized wire fence around the cemetery.  Williams was
ordered to get the lowest price for the material for the fence.  As sexton, Williams also dug graves and with his assistants maintained
the cemetery.

In his responsibilities as street commissioner, Williams inspected sidewalks and ordered their replacement and repair.  He also
graded the streets, built bridges over the creek and filled in low places in the dirt roads of the village.  For these duties, he was paid
seventeen and one-half cents per hour.  

However, Williams performed his multiple duties with such skill that he was re-elected to be the marshal in 1882, 1883 and again in
1884.  In 1883, he also won the election for the village clerk's office with a resounding 113 votes to former clerk, Charles H.
Spencer's, 2 votes.  That year, the village board re-appointed Dresback, as special police and laborer, and M. P. Walton to replace
Ed Scott as Williams' assistant.

As marshal, Williams spent very little time performing police work.  Although he had a shiny silver star badge, inscribed with "City
Marshal", he was seldom called on to perform the duties of that office.  There was very little crime to control in Evansville.

The marshal occasionally arrested tramps or someone who had consumed too much liquor.  A night in jail and a fine were the usual
remedies for the lawbreakers.

However, a report of a suspected murder brought some excitement to the village.  Early one morning, the marshal received a call
that two men had been robbed and murdered.   The "victims" were a father and son who lived three and a half miles northeast of
Evansville.  

The two men had been in Evansville the previous day, and according to the rumors were carrying a great deal of money with them.  
Although they were expected to return home that same evening, the wife of one of the men reported them missing.  

When Williams heard of the disappearance, he borrowed a horse from a local livery and proceeded to hunt to the missing pair.  
Williams followed the tracks of the two men and their team into the woods near a schoolhouse east of Evansville.   The men were
found safe and sound, fast asleep at the home of a friend near the school.

Although the possible murders reported to Williams had caused "considerable excitement" on the streets of Evansville, the hunt for
the men had not been a pleasant experience for the marshal.  The Enterprise reporter told his readers, "Mr. Williams was somewhat
out of sorts when we interviewed him on the subject, as the horse he was riding fell with him, hurting him quite badly."

In the fall of 1884, Evansville's marshal Williams ran for the office of Rock County Clerk and won the election.  In December, he
tendered his resignation to the village board and moved to Janesville.  Businessmen and others joined in praising William's work in
all of the offices that he held while living in Evansville.

At the same meeting, M. V. Dresback and M. P. Walton turned in their resignations as special police and assistants for Williams'
other duties.  Dresback was then appointed Sexton and Ray Gillman was appointed street commissioner and fire warden.

Over the next few years, there were numerous candidates for the office of village marshal and street commissioner.  James Ballard
was elected to the office of marshal in 1885.  William H. Hamilton, a local carpenter, was Ballard's opponent for the office.  

Ballard had served as a special police, constable and deputy sheriff in the past.  Like his predecessor, Ballard concentrated on
keeping drunks and vagrants from disturbing the peace in Evansville.

After quietly observing a "drunken debauch" at Lake Leota, Marshal Ballard rounded up the offenders and arrested them.  "Some of
these nocturnal strollers will be more careful to see who is sitting watching before they venture out too boldly," the Evansville Review
predicted.  

The jail was often called the "stone jug" and housed tramps and an occasional criminal.  Most men who were brought to the jail were
guilty of vagrancy.  After a rash of burglaries in the fall of 1885, the new marshal was given permission to put tramps in jail at night
and then release them the following morning.  

The burglars broke into houses stealing men's pants coats and undergarments, apparently hoping to find money or other
valuables.    The village board offered a reward of $50 for the arrest and conviction of the burglars, but no one was ever charged.  

John Hollingsworth, the night watchman and assistant marshal, rounded up tramps nearly every evening for a stay at the jail.  Most
citizens were convinced that the tramps were responsible for the burglaries.  One reporter wrote: "It would hardly be proper to
charge them without proof, but many of them are not above suspicion, judging from their looks and actions."

Ballard served as marshal until the spring of 1887.  That year, the village board appointed the marshal, rather than having an
election for the office.  Ballard was competing with Henry Hubbard in a heated battle for the position.

There were six members of the village board of trustees and for three consecutive meetings from May to July, the trustees were tied
in their vote for the marshal.  Three votes went to Ballard and three to Hubbard.   Each time, the decision was carried over to the
next meeting.  Finally in July, the trustees gave four votes to Ballard and declared him to be the marshal.  

The following year, in the spring of 1888, the trustees received a petition to appoint Harry Benny as marshal and street
commissioner.  Benny got the post and Ballard continued to work for the village in repairing roads and bridges.  

At the end of Benny's term in April 1889, the official report for the year was that he had arrested three people.  One arrest was for
disorderly conduct and drunkenness, one for vandalism to a streetlight, and one for shooting a rifle in the village.   In contrast, the
city of Janesville had more than 360 cases during the same time period.

John Hollingsworth, who had served as assistant marshal moved to Janesville in the spring of 1889.  Albert Francisco, a local
blacksmith was appointed to the position.

The spring election of 1889 was held in April and once again, the citizens were allowed to vote for the marshal.  Three men ran for
the office.  James Broderick, a local liveryman was elected by a wide margin.  He received 179 votes to James Ballard's 80 and
William Austin's one vote.

However, by November, James Broderick became too ill to carry out the duties of marshal and the village board appointed Henry
Fellows to act as his successor.  However, Fellows did not live in the village and so did not qualify to serve as marshal unless he was
a resident.  

Fellows refused to move into the village so James Broderick's brother, Matthew Broderick, replaced him.  The following year,
Matthew Broderick was elected marshal.  Matt Broderick was challenged by William Austin for the position, but received 159 votes to
Austin's 123 votes.   

In the early 1890s, the Village Board wanted to build a new village hall, to replace the former schoolhouse built in the 1850s.  The
agitators for the new building also noted that there was a need for a new jail as the old stone jug was in need of repair.  

Although the jail was less than 20 years old, it had been repaired numerous times.  Isaac Brink, a local mason, had repaired the
walls with thick coats of lime cement, but still rainstorms dissolved the mortar in the walls, making them leaking and unsafe.

A new marshal was elected in the spring of 1891.  L. C. Brewer, owner of the Central House hotel, became the new marshal, but
resigned at the May 1891 meeting of the village board.  The board then appointed H. A. Babcock and announced that his salary
would be $50 per month.  

However, Babcock did not qualify, according to an opinion of the state attorney general.  He was not a resident or registered voter of
the village.  William Austin, who had frequently run for the marshal's position, then was appointed by the board to fill the vacancy left
by Brewer.

At the election in April 1892, William S. Austin and Charles Brink competed for the marshal's position.   Evansville voters were
apparently satisfied with Austin, as he won with a vote of 176 to Brink's 138.  Austin was also appointed as the street commissioner.   
For the next few years, Austin and Brink vied for the vote for village marshal.

Just after the election, Austin was called out to catch some horse thieves.  He had received a report that a delivery wagon and two
horses had been stolen from a man in Chicago.  The marshal spotted the team and wagon in front of the Central House Hotel.  

Austin chased the two men and the team for about three miles before he caught them and brought them back to Evansville.  A
telegram was sent to Chicago, and the owner of the wagon and a detective came by train to identify the horse thieves and retrieve
the stolen goods.  

Austin was more likely to be found performing his role as street commissioner.  When the village decided to build the village hall, the
trustees called on Austin to work on preparing the grounds for the new building.  In September 1892, Austin was busy taking down
the foundation of the old village hall so that the new one could be built on the same location.








































In 1891, Albert Francisco was forced to quit his work as the night watchman and a few months later, his wife was arrested on a
charge of assault to a local blacksmith.  One night in early February 1892, Mrs. Francisco appeared at the shop of John McGill and
threatened him with a gun because she believed he had been furnishing liquor to her husband, that he drank and became
intoxicated.  

Although Mrs. Francisco did not harm him, McGill went to marshal Austin.  He wanted her arrested for assault and battery.  Austin
performed his duty, but did not put Mrs. Francisco in jail.

The Evansville Review sympathized with the wife.  "The woman was exasperated and driven almost to phrenzy, from it being told that
the plaintiff had repeatedly given her husband liquor, well knowing his intemperate habits."  Mrs. Francisco was able to plead guilty
to the charge and paid a fine.

Since its founding, Evansville had been a "dry" town.  The village board had repeatedly enforced regulations against the sale of
liquor or other alcoholic beverages.  The exception to the rule was the licenses received by the local drug stores to sell liquor for
medicinal purposes.

However, a strong Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), formed in the 1880s, and the women became convinced that
illegal gambling and liquor sales were regularly occurring in the village.  The WCTU petitioned the village board to take action
against the offenders.  

After careful consideration, the village board decided they would not put themselves at risk to act as detectives.  Instead, they
instructed the village marshal and the police justice to get evidence and prosecute any offenders.  In an effort to save the marshal
and justice from lawsuits, the village board agreed to hire attorneys to act on their behalf, so that "said officers were protected in
doing their duty no matter who is involved."

Not satisfied that the marshal would pursue any gambling and liquor establishments, in March 1894, a group of men were convinced
to form the Law & Order League.  The purpose of the new organization was to act as a citizen group to enforce the laws against
selling intoxicating liquor and gambling.  

Thirty businessmen joined the women of the WCTU in raising funds to get evidence and prosecute anyone found breaking the laws.  
With the financial strength of the WCTU and the Law & Order League, there were enough funds to hire a detective from Madison to
set up an undercover search for those selling the intoxicating beverages.  

The detectives purchased beer at former village marshal Matthew Broderick's, livery stable and were served by Broderick's
employee, Cash Gleaves.  Once the detectives had enough evidence for conviction, Edith S. Davis of the W.C.T.U. filed a complaint
that Matthew Broderick, the former town marshal, and Cash Gleaves were gambling and selling liquor.  The men were brought
before Police Justice, W. R. Phillips.  

However, the Law & Order League and the W.C.T.U. ran into yet another difficulty in prosecuting Broderick and Gleaves.  Since
elections were about to be held, there were no local attorneys willing to take the case.  They hired T. C. Richmond of Madison and
the Rock County District attorney to prosecute the men.  (A few years later Richmond set up practice in Evansville.)

A large crowd, including ministers, teachers, businessmen and W.C.T.U. members gathered at the trial.  The two men were fined
$328.18 and were required to sign an agreement that they would not sell liquor or allow the sale at their place of business.  
Broderick also had to allow the Village Board, the president of the Law and Order League, and the village marshal to inspect his
place of business any time they desired.

A new village marshal was elected in 1894.  H. A. Babcock, H. W. Hamilton and William S. Austin challenged Charles Brink, who had
run for the office several times against the men who opposed him.  Brink led the field with 193 votes, his nearest contender being
Babcock with 35 votes.  

Brink had to deal with the vagrants who rode the rails, just as his predecessors had.  When the new village hall was completed in
1893, it had a small jail cell, with bars on the windows and a heavy door that could be locked.  As with the old stone jail, the room
was most often used to keep beggars and tramps from disturbing Evansville residents and businesses.

There was a period of economic depression throughout the United States as Brink assumed the office of village marshal.  Many men
found themselves out of work.  Railroads and other major employers laid off their workers. In the fall of 1893, thousands of men were
out of work and the unemployed began to hitch rides in empty boxcars or beneath the Pullman cars in search of jobs.   

As soon as the men reached a town, they would go from house to house begging for food.  It was difficult for people to distinguish
between the person who might burglarize their home and the unemployed man in search of work.

Many local residents were afraid of the vagrants and began to complain to the village marshal and the town board about the
increase in the number of homeless men coming into town.  In response to the complaints, the village board asked the police to jail
the men during the night.

Each evening, the village marshal or the night watchman, William Austin, rounded up the vagrants and put them in jail.  To
demonstrate that the local police were doing their job, a local news item in April 1894, told citizens that the Evansville jail was filled to
capacity with 13 men "of the traveling fraternity" or tramps.  The men were released each morning, in hopes that they would catch
the next train out of town.

The village marshal did not feed the men but then discovered that as soon as the vagrants were released, they headed for the
residential areas to beg for food and clothing.  Again the people complained to the village board that the men would continue to beg,
if they were given no food at the jail.  The village trustees gave the marshal permission to feed the men. Each month, the village
board minutes recorded a small fee to night watchman Austin for "caring for tramps".    The marshal also put them to work on street
projects as a way of paying for their food and lodging at the jail.    

As Evansville grew, there was an increased demand for a city form of government.  Villages of more than 1,500 in population could
reincorporate as cities, with the approval of the voters.  

In 1895, a petition was circulated among Evansville residents, asking that Evansville change to a city form of government, with a
mayor and a council.  This also meant that the office of village marshal would change to police chief.  

Voters approved the change in the form of government at a special election in December 1895.  The voters favored the change and
the results of the election were 197 for a city form of government and 149 against.

In April 1896, the voters cast ballots for the first city officials.  For the first few years under the new form of government, the police
chief''s job was an appointed position.  Charles Brink, who had served as village marshal since 1894, was appointed by Village
President Dr. John M. Evans to serve as police chief.  Brink's salary was set at $50 a month.  Any fines or other fees that he
collected were to be turned over to the city treasury.

Shortly after his appointment Charles Brink was recommended for Rock County Sheriff.  The Evansville Review supported his
candidacy.  "We thoroughly believe judging the future by the record he has made in the past as an officer of the law, that no better
fitted or better qualified person for sheriff can be found than in the person of Chas. C. Brink of this city.  He has always, as Deputy
Sheriff, Marshal and at present Chief of Police, done his duty as an officer, whatever that duty may have been."  Brink did not get
the sheriff''s job.






































Although communication between community police departments was rare.  In June, Police Chief Brink received a telegram from the
Madison Police Department.  They asked Brink to arrest two vagrants who were charged with committing a robbery in Madison.  

When the Madison train arrived at the Evansville depot, Brink was on hand to arrest the two men and place them in the city jail.  
Madison's Chief of Police came the next morning to take the suspects back to Madison by train.

Although Brink was a young man, he suffered from severe pains in his abdomen and was sometimes in unbearable pain.  He had
been under treatment of physicians, but nothing seemed to stop the pain.  By April 1897, the village president, felt that Brink was too
ill to perform his duties as police chief and appointed Walter Tullar.

In November 1897, Charles C. Brink was in such pain that he committed suicide by cutting his throat with a razor blade.  He was
eulogized by the Evansville Review, "he always attended to his duties and always had the city's interest in view."  Brink was 32 years
old at the time of his death.  

Walter Tullar, who succeeded Brink as police chief, was also appointed street commissioner.  Satisfied with his first year's
performance in the job, the village president once again appointed Tullar as chief of police and street commissioner at the April 26,
1898 meeting of the city council.   William Austin, a former village marshal, was hired  as the night watchman.  

In November 1898, citizens petitioned the city council to have the police chief''s office returned to an elected, rather than an
appointed position.  The first election for the police chief was held in April 1899.  

There were three men on the ballot, Daniel Webster Johnson, Walter Tullar, the incumbent chief, and Cal Broughton.  The race was
very close with Broughton receiving 139 votes, Johnson 120, and Tullar 115.  Cal Broughton became Evansville's first elected police
chief.  The council set the chief's salary at $35 per month, a decrease of $15 a month, from what previous chiefs had been paid.
The salary of the city clerk was also decreased from three hundred dollars per year to two hundred and twenty.

The City Council also decided that they would not pay for a telephone in the residence of the police chief, even thought it would
mean he could quickly be notified of an emergency.

Despite the decrease in salary, Broughton performed his duties with enthusiasm and served one of the longest terms as Chief.  A
former professional baseball player, he was well known in the city.  Broughton had grown up on a farm near Magnolia and after his
professional baseball career ended, he returned to the Evansville area. Within the first few years of his many terms as Police Chief,
he had captured several notorious criminals.

Some temperance workers did not consider Broughton to be effective in closing down illegal liquor sales in the city and considered
him over-paid.  However, Broughton gained the respect of most Evansville citizens, as well as a statewide reputation as a fearless
pursuer of criminals.  This reputation allowed Broughton to keep his office, even though the temperance people would have rather
had him pursuing the "blind pigs", and gambling places in Evansville.

Broughton often deputized Fred Gillman, another former baseball player.  Gillman also eventually became the Evansville Chief of
Police.  The two men gained widespread fame for their aggressive actions in capturing outlaws.

In late September, 1900, three railroad laborers, working near Baraboo, hitched a ride to Janesville in a boxcar.  Three bandits also
entered the boxcar and robbed the railroad workers.  After the robbery, the three robbers pushed the railroad workers out of the
boxcar.  

As the first train headed to Madison, the railroad workers hopped another freight train in pursuit of their attackers.  When their train
arrived in Evansville, they discovered that the train carrying the robbers was still at the railroad depot.  

The railroad workers found Police Chief Cal Broughton and the Chief immediately deputized City Clerk, Fred Gillman and Charlie
Winship, a veterinarian and livery stable owner to pursue the robbers.  Gillman and Broughton found the accused criminals in the
Evansville freight yards.  

Realizing they were about to be caught, the outlaws pulled guns on the three Evansville officers.  However, the Evansville police
officers were also well armed and fired at the fleeing bandits, who immediately surrendered.  

Broughton handcuffed the men and brought them to the city jail.  When they were locked in the cell, Broughton left the building.  The
bandits found a way to escape the Evansville jail.  A tool had inadvertently been left just outside the cell door and the men pried the
lock open.  Then they broke the glass in a second inside door, opened a window and escaped.  

When Broughton returned to the jail, the three men were missing.  Evansville's police chief immediately formed another posse, with a
larger group of men.  The deputized citizens searched for the robbers in a cornfield south of town.  

The posse spread out through the field and kicked at the corn shocks until one of the escapees was kicked in the face and his cries
gave away his hiding place.  Another man was hiding in the same shock.  The two prisoners were handcuffed once again and this
time they were taken to Janesville jail, which was considered more secure than Evansville's.

The third robber remained free for several days.  He was reported to be Toronto Jimmy, a notorious crook and safe blower.  Toronto
Jimmy was wanted for post office robberies throughout Wisconsin and Illinois.  He was captured near Portage and Broughton was
asked to identify him.

A month later, another post office robber, known as "Wisconsin Tommy", was also involved with the Evansville police.  Thomas
Evans was a Janesville boy who had spent much of his youth in reform schools.  As an adult, he served several prison terms.

Evans and two companions blew up a post office safe in Footville, took money, and got on a train to Evansville.  Broughton received
word from Footville about the robbery and once again deputized Fred Gillman and Charles Mihills.

The three Evansville officers searched the railroad yards and found the robbers hiding in the coal sheds waiting for a chance to
escape on another train.  Broughton and his helpers found fifty-three dollars stuffed in the cheek of one of the robbers, who claimed
he was chewing a large cud of tobacco.  

The police also found stamps and money orders that had been taken from the Footville Post Office.  A search of the sheds
produced a complete outfit for blowing safes, including dynamite, caps, and fuses, all tied up in a blue handkerchief.  

The robbers were taken to Janesville, to the county jail.  Later the U.S. Marshal from Madison and Broughton went to Janesville to
take the post office robbers into custody.  

The three Evansville men received $600 in bounty money for the capture of the three robbers which they divided equally.  More
important than the money was the reputation for "getting their man" that followed Broughton and Gillman for the rest of their days.

As proof of his popularity, at the April 1901 election, Broughton was challenged by Ned Griffith.  Broughton received an
overwhelming majority with 225 votes cast in his favor as compared to Griffith's 125.

Candidates for city offices were chosen in caucuses in the early 1900s.  The City Caucus chose William H. Johnson as their
candidate for police chief in 1902.   

As soon as the caucus results were known, 27 voters petitioned for the incumbent chief, Calvert C. Broughton, to be placed on the
ballot for the spring election.  There was a "hot time" at the polls, according to the diaries of a local citizen.  Over 500 votes were
cast and Broughton was victorious and his salary remained at $35 per month.  

In addition to serving as police chief, Broughton was also a member of the volunteer fire department.  For recreation, Broughton
played baseball.  Although, he no longer pursued a professional baseball career, he never lost his enthusiasm for the game and
with Fred Gillman played on Evansville teams.  

Gillman was appointed assistant chief of police after the April 1902 election.  He frequently served as a police officer during
emergencies or for special events, such as fairs and other community celebrations.  In the fall of 1902, Gillman received $5 from the
City Council for four days of police work during the Rock County Fair held in Evansville.  

In May 1904, Evansville’s Mayor appointed Albert E. Blunt as night police.
Blunt also worked extra hours and was paid $3.  

Gillman was also assistant fire chief.  In 1905, Fred Gillman added one more responsibility to his list of official duties and was elected
as Evansville's City Clerk.  The cooperative work between Broughton, Blunt, and Gillman lasted many years.  

There were few reports of arrests for criminal activity in the community.  Broughton most often had to deal with enforcement of local
ordinances.  In the fall of 1903, several women from the Mother's Club petitioned the City Council to enforce state laws regarding the
sale of tobacco products and cigarettes to school children.  The City Council agreed to vigorously enforce the rules and alerted the
police chief as to their decision.  

Law enforcement of tobacco and liquor sales regulations were not reported through the local newspapers in the early 1900s.  There
were no reports of women committing crimes and the men who were charged with disobeying the law were not local residents.  

Those attempting to break the law came into town by train, committed a burglary or other offense, and attempted to leave by the
same route.  Broughton did his best to bring the culprits to justice.

Several robberies in 1905 put Broughton on the trail of lawbreakers once again.  In April of that year, the Economy and Grange
department stores were robbed and Chief Broughton chased the thieves as far as Baraboo, but lost their trail.  

One store seemed to be the choice location for burglaries.  The Baker Hardware Store (today's Baker Block Apartment building) was
robbed four times in the spring of 1905.  Evansville's police force was on alert to catch the thieves.  

At their May 2, 1905 meeting, the City Council authorized the purchase of three electric flashlights for use by the police department.  
When a burglary occurred a few days later, the police found the new equipment helpful.

The night watchman, Albert Blunt, was making his rounds when he discovered some unusual activity at the Baker Hardware Store.  
Blunt quickly called Chief Broughton and Bert Baker, the owner of the hardware store.  

Blunt went to the front of the building and Broughton to the rear entrance, where the burglars had made a forced entry.  Baker
watched the side door.   When Blunt used his new flashlight to shine a beam into the Baker building, the thieves realized they had
been discovered and tried to exit through the back door.  

Broughton yelled for the men to surrender, but instead they picked up hammers and other tools and threw them at the police chief.  
Broughton fired his gun until it was empty and, whether intentionally or by accident, did not hit the intruders.  

When he stopped shooting, the robbers jumped out a window.  One landed on Broughton who fought with the man and clubbed him
until he surrendered.  He searched the suspect, but found no weapons, except tools that had been taken from the store.  

While Broughton was struggling with the first man, the second robber managed to escape.  Several people living nearby heard the
shooting and ran to the building, but were too late to help capture the thief.  

Broughton took the burglar to the Janesville jail.  The Evansville Review described the suspect as a professional criminal who was
wanted by authorities in other places.  "He is over six feet tall, smooth shaven, and of a dark complexion, and a nervy criminal."

The day after the capture, Broughton and City Clerk, Fred Gillman, went by train in search of the escaped man.  They probably
communicated with police departments in other cities by way of telegram, asking them to be on the lookout for the thief.

Baraboo authorities alerted Broughton that a man had tried to sell some jackknifes with the name, F. A. Baker & Co., inscribed on
them.  The Evansville policemen found their culprit and brought him back to Rock County.  Both of the burglars were tried in the
Janesville courts, found guilty, and sentenced to three and one-half years in jail.

The Baker Hardware owners were very pleased with Broughton's leadership in the pursuit and capture of the thieves.  They gave
the police chief a new Colt automatic revolver "in appreciation of services rendered in capturing the burglars."  

The City Council did not show they same level of appreciation.  At the next Council meeting, they ordered Gillman and Broughton to
clean the city jail.

The night watchman, Albert Blunt's reputation had increased due to his actions in finding the thieves at work.  His name was put
forth as a potential challenger to Broughton for the chief''s position in the annual election in the spring of 1906.  

Once again, Broughton's foes believed that he was in league with those who wanted to allow liquor licenses for Evansville.  A petition
had brought the "license question" before the voters for the 1906 city election.  Churches and the Women's Christian Temperance
Union launched a heavy campaign to prevent Evansville from becoming a "license town".   Broughton was considered to be in favor
of license, while Blunt was the temperance candidate.

Blunt nearly beat Broughton in the polls that spring.  Broughton received 234 votes to Blunt's 229.  It was the closest Broughton had
ever come to losing an election.  Blunt never attempted to run for office again and the two continued to work together for several
more years.

In the early morning hours of August 5, 1907, a burglar entered several homes in Evansville.  At Henry Austin's house on North
Madison Street, the thief took money and also ate food.  Nearby, at the home of W. Judevine, the man took money and a certificate
of deposit.  

When the food and valuables were discovered missing the next morning, the victims notified Chief of Police Broughton.  After
investigating the footprints near the homes and getting information about the missing money, Broughton began a search for the
robber.  

Broughton hired a buggy driven by the liveryman, a Mr. Morrison.  He also requested the help of Fred Gillman, who in addition to his
other duties was the deputy sheriff.  Then the men, Broughton, Gillman and Morrison, searched the area for the thief  and found him
in a cornfield near Brooklyn.  The suspect surrendered and after a search, nearly all of the money and the certificate of deposit
were recovered.  

The man identified himself as Thomas Cratrina.  He was reported to be "sullen and non-communicative" after his capture.  
Apparently Cratrina had thought that Evansville would be an easy mark for his thievery.  The Evansville Enterprise told its readers
that Cratrina had been "misinformed as to the ability and resourcefulness of our guardians of the peace.  Such characters may learn
in time that we have a Chief of Police who gets busy and does things."  

The burglar was taken to the photography studio of E. E. Combs and photographed so that he could be easily identified.  Then he
was marched into the Bank of Evansville for verification of the certificate of deposit.  As soon as the evidence was gathered, he was
taken to Evansville's jail.  Cratrina was kept in the cell until the evening train to Janesville arrived and then was escorted to the
Janesville jail by Gillman and Broughton.  

In 1909, the Evansville City Council once again confirmed the mayor's appointment of Fred W. Gillman as Assistant Chief of Police.  
Gillman was to serve in this capacity without pay.  Since Gillman also was the elected City Clerk, he received a monthly salary of
eighteen dollars for that position.  

The Council also made it clear, by a written statement in their minutes that Broughton was also to be given the additional
responsibility of serving as Fire Warden without pay.  Albert Blunt continued to serve as the night policeman for $10 and was also
paid $12 a month for janitor work at the City Hall.

In 1910, the City Council created an ordinance making the Street Commissioner's job an appointed, rather than an elected position.  
While the Councilmen never raised Broughton's salary as police chief, they did appoint him as the Street Commissioner.  

Broughton's new responsibilities as Street Commissioner paid a salary of $30 a month.   With his salary of $35 as police chief,
Broughton nearly doubled his monthly salary by taking on the responsibilities for maintaining and building streets and sidewalks.  
When the new city sewers were installed in 1911, Broughton was also hired as the inspector of the sewer system, but was given no
additional pay.

Two eccentric farmers from Arena were the cause of another episode in Broughton's attempts to keep peace and order in the
community.  The May 4, 1910 Enterprise reported that the men had come by train to Evansville and claimed they were trying to
purchase a farm.  

They tried to rent a room at the Commercial House Hotel (today's Coach House restaurant) but William Meggott, the proprietor, was
suspicious of the men and refused to give them lodging for the night.   The farmers apparently spent the night roaming around
Evansville and were afraid they would be robbed because they were carrying a large sum of money in cash.  To safeguard the
money, they had buried the bag containing the $2,000 in the ground.  

The next morning, they were unable to locate where they had put the money and called on Broughton to help them find the missing
cash.  The Chief of Police helped the farmers find the place they had buried the money.  Then Broughton suggested that the two
leave town and Broughton saw that they boarded the train back to Arena.  

Local police seldom had to respond to fights or other disturbances but when they did the event made the local newspaper.  The
headlines of the February 20, 1912 Evansville Review, "Hoboes and Booze : Drunken Fight Near Depot".  This time, Gillman was
credited with stopping the fight and putting the hoboes in jail until they could be brought to court.

There were also a few incidents of juvenile crime.  In November 1912, two small boys stole a bicycle from Kenneth Fellows, rode it
home and hid it.  Broughton caught the boys and to teach them a lesson, locked them in the city jail for a few hours and contacted
their parents.   

The police chief said it should serve as a warning to other boys, who might try the same thing.   The boys were sentenced to be at
school every day and to be home by eight o'clock each evening.     

Evansville's first car theft occurred in 1913.  Tom Steele, a Union Township farmer living a mile west of Evansville, had purchased a
new Ford and parked it in his barn one Sunday night.  The following morning, he discovered it was missing. The Evansville police
chief, Calvert Broughton, investigated.  It appeared that the vehicle had been pushed for some distance from the house before the
thieves attempted to start it.  

Steele offered a fifty-dollar reward for the return of the auto and the capture of the thieves.  For many years, the Union Anti-Thief
Society had offered its members protection against theft of property by providing a reward for the return of stolen goods and the
conviction of the culprit.   On Steele's behalf, the Union Anti-Thief Society also offered a fifty dollar reward.

Broughton, Pete Libby and Bruce Townsend formed a search party to look for the car.  Notices were also sent out to other police
departments and Broughton was alerted that the car was hidden beneath some hay in a barn near Portage.  

Broughton caught one of the thieves in Spooner, Wisconsin, a few days after the car was found.  The second man had taken the
train to South Dakota and was captured.  Broughton took the train west to retrieve his prisoner and bring him back to Rock County.  
Both men were tried in the Janesville courts, convicted of the crime and sent to the Waupun State Prison.

Evansville was over run with tramps coming in by railroad again in 1914.  Broughton met each train that came into the depot.  In
August, he caught 16 hobos trying to get off at one time.  Broughton fired his revolver into the air, scaring the men back onto the
train.  Hopefully, they would ride to another community.  This was considered a good way to rid the town of the men, without having
to charge them as vagrants and board them in jail.

By 1915, the Chief of Police, Cal Broughton, was still making the same salary for police chief that he had since 1901.  The city
council had kept the compensation at $35 a month.  Broughton still held onto the appointment of street commissioner which
provided an additional $30 a month.

Fred Gillman became more active as a police officer and as City Clerk, often received the first notice of criminal activity.  In February
1916, he received notice of a robbery in Poplar Grove, Illinois and was alerted that the man had boarded a train at Beloit.  Gillman
met the next train coming into Evansville from Beloit.  

As City Clerk and occasional police officer, Fred Gillman seldom wore a police uniform.  Since Gillman and his father and brother
also owned a clothing store in Evansville, Gillman probably gave the appearance of a well-dressed businessman when he boarded
the train.  He was able to search the train, find the robber and arrest him before the train arrived in Madison.  

In December 1916, the City Council passed an ordinance to make the Chief of Police's office an appointed, rather than an elected
position.  The ordinance was to become active after the first of May 1918.  

However, Broughton decided to resign and in January 1917, Fred Gillman became Evansville's Chief of Police.  His many years of
working as Broughton's assistant made him an ideal choice for the job.

At their January 2, 1917 meeting, the Evansville City Council voted unanimously to confirm the mayor's appointment of Fred W.
Gillman as police chief.  At the same meeting they appointed Gus Jewel as the assistant chief.  Alfred Blunt remained on the force as
the night policeman.

Gillman was a native of Evansville and like his predecessor, Cal Broughton, had wanted to be a professional baseball player.  He
had also had his own touch with delinquency.  In 1884, at the age of 17, he had run away from home.  

Gillman told his parents he was going to play ball in Hanover, but instead hopped a train to Chicago where he tried to get a job as a
liveryman.  When his father pursued him, Fred left Chicago and headed for Iowa, where his uncle lived.  A few days after he had
runaway, Fred Gillman's uncle notified the family that he was safe.  Gillman returned to Evansville and was welcomed home by his
family.   

Four years later, Fred Gillman began his short-lived baseball career playing with a semi-professional team in Davenport, Iowa in
1888.  At the same time, Broughton was playing for Detroit.  Although Gillman was never able to get into the major leagues, he loved
to play the game of baseball.  Gillman organized and was active in Evansville leagues for many years in the early 1900s.

As a police chief, Gillman worked hard in pursuit of criminals and went to great lengths to get evidence in the cases he solved.  
Burglaries, spying, confidence games, blackmail, and car thefts were only a few of the crimes that Gillman had to deal with during his
career.   

As Fred Gillman, began his long term as Chief of Police of the City of Evansville, the United States was preparing to enter the war
against Germany, in the conflict that would become known as World War I.  The federal government launched a propaganda
campaign to warn citizens to be watchful for spies, traitors and "slackers".  Slackers were those who did not show enough
enthusiastic about supporting the war bond drives, or men who were reluctant to join the U. S. Army.  Germans and Austrian
immigrants, or others who spoke a Germanic language were potential suspects for spies.

Government news releases and Hollywood films promoted the xenophobia that became prevalent throughout the United States.  In
Evansville, a feature film called "The Spy" was shown at the local theater and advertised that the enemy had 10,000 secret police
lurking and scheming in the United States.  

Fear of foreigners was rampant and Fred Gillman was on the watch for any anti-American activities in Evansville.  In May 1917,
Gillman was notified that Paul Gurmak, an Austrian immigrant, was suspected of stealing clothes, a gold watch and money from
William Klusmeyer, a Magnolia farmer.  

Gillman searched for the thief for several hours, but could not locate him.  The police chief finally gave up and went home.  Early the
next morning, Gillman received a telephone call, notifying him that the man had been seen near the train depot.  The Chief of Police
hopped on his bicycle and sped toward the railroad station.  He caught up with Gurmak on East Main Street, near the Evansville
Review office.

After Gillman arrested the suspected thief, he also questioned him about being a spy. Gillman found an envelope with the address
of a Chicago attorney of Austrian descent and this heightened the suspicion that Gurmak could also be a spy.  When Gillman
questioned the man, he learned that the Austrian had been traveling around the United States, never staying in one place for any
length of time.  Convinced that the man was a foreign agent, Gillman called the federal authorities and Gurmak was taken away to
be investigated as a danger to United States security.   

At the height of the war, Evansville police also pursued draft dodgers.  Gillman's assistants, Gus Jewell and Albert Blunt were on the
alert for men who were "slackers".  In August 1918, they arrested two carnival workers who had come to Evansville to get a job with a
traveling show.  When the men could not produce draft classification cards,  they were brought to the City Hall jail.  Gillman wired the
Federal authorities in Madison to investigate.   

His enthusiasm for catching draft dodgers gained Gillman the role of legal adviser for the United States Selective Service System.  
For a few months during the war, he was stationed at Wausau and was given a short leave of absence from his Evansville post.  He
proudly wore a bronze pin given to him by the federal government for his work with the Selective Service agency.  

Soon after he became Chief of Police, Gillman recommended that citizens form an "Anti-Auto Thief Association", based on the
principal of the Union Anti-Thief Association.  The members of the organization would provide reward money for the capture of auto
thieves, speeders, intoxicated use of vehicles and other crimes involving vehicles.  

In promoting this association, Gillman suggested that since many larger cities were seeing an increase in auto theft, that Evansville
would also soon experience an increase in this type of crime.  "Every automobile owner in the city and vicinity should interest himself
in this matter," Gillman told the Evansville Review reporter.  

However, the organization was never created because there were very few reports of auto theft and most people did not see the
need for protection.  Gillman had a fascination with capturing automobile thieves and for the next several years, the newspapers
carried sensational stories of Gillman's pursuit of the men involved in this type of criminal activity.

Gillman was also responsible for enforcing local emergency measures.  When an epidemic of influenza broke out in 1919, and
several people died, Gillman was given the responsibility of closing theaters and other public gatherings.  Churches remained open
but every other place that drew large groups of people, including schools were closed for a short time until the epidemic subsided.

Gillman, having served as city clerk for many years, was an excellent record keeper and annually submitted a report to the City
Council about arrests, detentions, and investigations.  In 1919, the report listed investigation of 3 cases of automobile stealing, 7
cases of intoxication, 4 for disorderly conduct, 3 fugitives from justice, 2 confidence games, 2 burglary and several other civil
complaints.  

Both the public and the police chief had a fascination with automobile thefts.  It was the favorite topic of lengthy news reports in the
local paper.  "Efficient men on Police Force: Evansville Police Capture Automobile Thieves", headlines in the July 15, 1920 edition of
the Evansville Review declared.  The article detailed how Gillman and Officer Albert Blunt tracked down and captured two young
men who had stolen a car in Janesville.  

In another case, Gillman was called to an accident scene four miles northeast of Evansville.  There were two cars involved in the
accident, but when Gillman reached the scene, he found only one of the drivers.  The farmer who had stayed with his vehicle told
Gillman that the driver and passenger of the abandoned car had said they were going for help, but never returned.

Suspecting that the abandoned car was stolen, Gillman returned to Evansville and telephoned police departments in Janesville and
Madison.  Janesville police told him that the car belonged to Ed Engen of Orfordville and was indeed a stolen vehicle.   

Gillman called in Officer Blunt and the two men tracked the young thieves to Albany, brought them back to the Evansville jail for
questioning and the two confessed their crime.  They were taken to the County Court House for sentencing.  A Janesville judge
convicted the two thieves and showed no mercy in the jail term.  They each were sentenced to serve four-year sentences at the
Green Bay Reformatory.  

The publicity increased Gillman's support in the community and the City Council seemed satisfied with Gillman's performance.  
Shortly after he accepted the appointment as police chief, the Council gave Gillman a $5 per month increase, making his salary $40
a month.  

Gillman's assistant, Albert E. Blunt earned $35 a month.  Blunt earned extra money as janitor of City Hall.  Gus Jewell, assistant
chief, earned $35 a month and also sprinkled the streets for an additional $20 each month during the summer.

Gillman was a merchant as well as the police chief and the store, Ray Gillman & Sons Clothing Store, owned by Fred, his father and
brother was the target of shoplifters at least twice during Gillman's term as Police Chief.  In March 1925, two shoplifters worked as a
team.  

The shoplifters would case out a store, then one would distract the clerk on duty, by purchasing some small item.  While the clerk
was busy with one man, the other would steal more expensive clothing.  After the goods were stolen, the two men took them back to
a room they had rented at the Central House Hotel, removed the labels and packed the clothing into cardboard boxes.  They took
the boxes to the local Express office to have them shipped out of town.  

When the theft was discovered, Gillman expected that the pair would leave town by train and went to the train station to try to
apprehend them before they left town.  The police chief found the two men sitting at the depot waiting for the next train south.  They
were carrying just one suitcase containing gloves, collars and other small items the men had paid for, but none of the stolen suits
and more expensive clothing.   

Gillman arrested the men based on his suspicions and searched the room they had rented at the Central House Hotel.  There he
found discarded labels that had been cut from the clothing stolen from the store.  However, Gillman did not find any of the stolen
suits.   

Determined that the pair had concealed the stolen goods, Gillman checked at the Express freight office and found the boxes
identified as belonging to the two suspects.  The men had paid the freight charges on the boxes and had marked them for shipment
to Chicago.  The suits stolen from Gillman's and other items stolen from the Grange Store were stashed away in the boxes.  

When they were arrested, the two men gave their address as 26 South Canal Street, and Gillman recognized this as being in one of
the toughest neighborhoods in Chicago.  Gillman contacted the Chicago police department to see if the two men were wanted for
more serious crimes.  His investigation of the backgrounds of the shoplifters, was testimony to Gillman's thorough pursuit of
lawbreakers.

In November 1925, Gillman and Edgerton policemen were on the trail of a blackmailer who was threatening prominent bankers in
both communities.  One of Evansville's bankers received a crudely written blackmail letter with the following message:  "You do as
this tells you to or take the other.  Put $2,000 in 5, 10, and 20 dollar bills in a small box.  Put them under the culvert at the northside
of Gibbs Lake on Monday night, Nov. 16th.  Fail to do so will hold your baby for ransom or get it for other things or you're easily
dumped over.  Tell no one for we are armed to watch and will not hesitate to plug you."  

The Edgerton banker had received a similar blackmail letter.  Gillman and the Edgerton police turned the letters over to a
handwriting expert in Madison.  It was through this evidence and the fact that the location of the culvert was near the suspect's farm,
that the man was identified and an arrest was made.

The blackmailer was in jail within days after the delivery of the letter.  He was a 35-year old farmer living just north of Gibbs Lake
who had been forced to file bankruptcy.  The Review gave due credit to Gillman for his work on the case.  "Fred Gillman, of this city,
has been working hard on the case and it is partly through evidence secured by him that first fastened the suspicion on the
blackmailer."

In addition to his role as police chief, Gillman also served as a fireman.  When his father died in 1926, Fred W. Gillman became
Evansville's fire chief.  One of his first roles as fire chief was to organize the fire police, a citizen group that helped watch for theft at
fire scenes and also helped with traffic control.  The new fire police were watchful that motorists did not run over fire hoses laid
across streets during a fire.  

While the salary of the police chief had remained the same throughout Broughton's administration, Gillman fared better with the City
Council and received raises to his pay rate.  By 1927, Gillman's salary had increased to $50 a month.  His assistant, Albert Blunt
received $45.  The men were paid monthly and their salaries were reported in the minutes of the City Council, published in the
Evansville Review.

Gillman's enthusiasm for catching criminals remained high, but he was not always successful.  In March 1927, there was a rash of
burglaries at local garages.  Heffel & Jorgensen, Jack Medler, H. H. Loomis, Roy Reckord and L. L. Thompson's garages were
broken into and robbed of money, fountain pens, and tire tubes.  There were no reports that followed to indicate that Gillman had
successfully solved these crimes.

Perhaps these burglaries were the cause of some dissatisfaction over Gillman's performance.  In the spring of 1928, several citizens
signed a petition asking the City Council to make the Chief of Police an elective office once again.   

Such a petition required the signatures of a third of the votes cast at the last city election.  Since there were only a little more than
100 voters in the previous election, very few people were needed to sign the petition for the change.  The City Council went along
with the proposal to make the office an elective position and the Chief's job remained an elected office for several more years.

Although no reason was given for the opposition to Gillman, the citizens who had signed the petition proposed that Calvin C.
Broughton, be placed on the ballot and pursue the office he had held until 1917.  Gillman also ran for the office of police chief.  
Broughton won the election by a vote of 274 to Gillman's 215.  For a year, Gillman gave up police work and clerked in the clothing
store he owned with his father and brother.  

After winning the election, Broughton resigned from the job in less than two months.  In June 1928, he asked to be kept on as the
regular day police officer.  The city now had two full time police officers, each working a 12-hour shift, in addition to the police chief.  
Broughton was paid $100 per month for the day shift. And Albert Blunt was paid $100 a month for the night shift.  The new chief
received just $50 a month.

On receiving Broughton's resignation as chief, a tobacco wholesaler, Frank West, was appointed as the new Chief of Police and
served out the rest of Broughton's term.  He took office in June 1928.  Over the next few years, Gillman and West would compete for
the police chief's job at the annual spring election.

The next ten years of Police Chief Fred Gillman's term in office were filled with investigations of many different crimes.  Confidence
men, check forgers, magazine and photography frauds, auto thefts, dog poisoners and chicken killers were only a few of the
problems the Evansville police department handled during Gillman's administration.  

One long-time police officer resigned in March 1929.  Albert Blunt, who had served as an Evansville police officer since 1902 gave
notice to Gillman and the City Council.  Blunt moved to Chippewa Falls to be near his son.  Blunt was replaced by Orville Jones, Cal
Broughton's brother-in-law.  

Cal Broughton continued to serve on the police force on a part-time basis.  In 1929, Broughton was 68 years old, and he was
Gillman's assistant until failing health forced Broughton to retire in 1936.  

At the April election in 1929, Frank W. West, a former chief of police, and Glenn G. Magee challenged Fred Gillman for the job of
police chief.  When the results were tallied, Gillman had 489 votes and was once again elected Chief.  The following year, in April
1930, Frank West placed his name on the ballot to challenge Gillman and once again Gillman was victorious.   

The major crime stories of 1929 involved chicken thieves, check forgers and dog poisonings.  When the chicken thief story
unfolded, Gillman's assistant, Cal Broughton was in charge of the police department because Gillman had taken a temporary job as
a police officer at the Wisconsin State Fair.  

Many Evansville residents still had chicken coops in their back yards, or kept the chickens in barns on their property.   The
suspected poultry killer was seen lurking in a barn on Franklin Street and had nearly been caught in the act of wringing the necks of
some chickens at the William Person residence.  

The chicken thief killed nine spring chickens at Bert Eastman's place on East Main Street and had wrung the necks of 32 chickens at
the William Persons' on Franklin Street.  Persons' stepson, George Case, had found the man in the barn and had captured the man,
only to have him slip away and escape from the barn.  

When Case could not capture the thief on his own, he called Matt Weaver, the night policeman, and Acting Chief, Cal Broughton.  
However, although Case had given the police a description of the man, the officers were unsuccessful in capturing the chicken
thief.   

It was a different scenario when some check forgers arrived in town and attempted to trick Evansville merchants.  One young forger
made the mistake of passing worthless checks at the clothing store owned by Fred Gillman and his brother, Nay.  Police Chief, Fred
Gillman, happened to be clerking in the store at the time the young man brought a shirt to the counter and wrote out a check for $12
on an account at the Bank of Albany.  

Something about the young man's actions caused Chief Gillman to suspect that the check was forged.  Gillman marched the young
man to the City Hall for questioning.  The suspect was so nervous, he could not write his name and during Gillman's interrogation
kept using "we", causing Gillman to suspect he had partners.  

While Gillman was questioning the young forger, his companions were driving around the business section of Evansville looking for
their friend.  After Gillman got the young man to confess, they went in search of two youths in the car.  

Within a short time, Gillman had found and arrested the two accomplices.  The three young men admitted they had forged checks at
stores in Platteville, Oregon and Evansville.  When they were taken to the county seat, Janesville Municipal Judge, Charles H.
Lange, sentenced each of the forgers to three years in the state reformatory at Green Bay.  

Gillman had always relied on his network of contacts in other police departments and this type of cooperation was encouraged by
city and state agencies.  In the early 1930s, the League of Wisconsin Municipalities and the University of Wisconsin Extension
offered courses in police training at the Madison campus.  Cities throughout the state were invited to send their police officers for
training.  

The focus of the training in 1931 was on gang activity.  "New and serious crimes are giving concern to Wisconsin communities.  The
invasion of the gangster fugitive prompted the organizers of the course to make gang control their theme."  The meetings were also
intended to foster more cooperation between the police forces of Wisconsin's cities.

Although Evansville had no major gang activity, the F.B.I. became suspicious of some correspondence between a Chicago gang
member and a local school master.  The F.B.I. contacted Chief Gillman to check out the owner of a local private school.  One of
Dillinger's gang members had tried to enroll her daughter in the Millard school and had written several letters to Eugene Millard to
get information about the school.  Gillman assured the F.B.I. that Mr. Millard was not involved in any gang activity.  Millard
immediately stopped writing letters to the Chicago mother.

Police Chief Fred Gillman had for many years used his wide range of contacts throughout the state of Wisconsin and Northern
Illinois to solve crimes.  He used this network to solve a car theft in the early 1930s.

A car was discovered buried in a gravel pit on the Needham farm in Magnolia township, many of the local sheriff's deputies came to
investigate, but it was Evansville's Chief Gillman who solved the crime.

After the car was dug out of the pit, Gillman had it moved to a local garage.  The garage mechanics took the engine apart and found
the car's "secret identity number" which automobile manufacturers placed on each car.  Once he had the number, Gillman began to
circulate the identifying number to police departments in Illinois and Southern Wisconsin.  

The Chicago police read Gillman's report and identified the car as one stolen in their city.  Chicago authorities notified by owner,
who came by train to claim his car and was able to drive it home.

There was an ongoing battle between dog lovers and those who considered the animals a nuisance.  For a few months in 1931,
someone was poisoning some of Evansville's pets.  Glenn Magee's large German Shepard, "Fritz", "a friend of all the kiddies in
town", was the first to be poisoned in April 1930.  For the next few weeks, the Evansville Review ran reports of more poisonings.  

According to the news reports in the Evansville Review, the method used to poison dogs also threatened Evansville's children.  Meat
tainted with poison was left on doorsteps, for the dogs and people were warned that children might find the meat, eat it and die.  It
was reported in the local newspaper that there were suspects, and the heavy publicity brought the poisonings to a halt, but the
police were not able to arrest anyone.  

Confidence men occasionally tried their games in Evansville, but with Chief Gillman as the police department head, they rarely
succeeded in getting away with their crime.  In October 1931, a man, posing as a used car salesman, offered to sell a diamond to
the local jeweler, Archie Harte.   

Harte examined the diamond the man offered and purchased it.  After the salesman left the store, Harte realized he had been tricked
and the diamond he had examined had been switched for a fake one.  Realizing he had been defrauded, Harte called Gillman.  

Using his network of police contacts, Gillman located the confidence man in Fond du Lac and the crook was returned to Rock
County.  The criminal, Edwin Philburn, had at least five aliases, was an alleged gambler, bootlegger, hi-jacker and confidence man.  
Philburn was also wanted by the Federal authorities for violation of the prohibition laws and operating a confidence game.  Police
departments in Milwaukee, and Flint, Michigan, also had charges pending against Philburn.  

Philburn's picture appeared in the Evansville Review with the headlines "Police Capture Fake Diamond Salesman."  Gillman had
once again successfully chased down a criminal.

In the early 1930s, the Depression had forced businesses to reduce their work forces and many Evansville residents were
unemployed.  Some homeowners had trouble paying their taxes.   The City Council decided to reduce the pay of its policemen, since
many in the private sector were taking reduced work hours and reduced pay.  

In 1933, Chief Gillman's pay was reduced by $5 a month to $95.  His assistant, Orville Jones, also received $95 a month and Calvin
Broughton received $10 a month for his duties as Assistant Chief of Police.  

Because of the depressed economy, many were out of work and vagrants were once again coming into town by railroad.  Many of
the hobos were looking for food or clothing.  The police department returned to their old practice of locking the men in the jail at
night and releasing them in the morning.  More than 200 men were reported as "vagrants locked up" in the monthly reports of the
police chief in 1933.  

In more routine work, the police department also escorted funeral processions, reported street lights that were not working, assisted
at accident scenes, and issued temporary car licenses.

The spring election of 1934, brought out one of the first large ad campaigns for the Chief of Police's office.  William Albright
announced his candidacy against the popular Fred Gillman.  

Albright had been a detective in Milwaukee and a member of the Janesville Police Department.  He had also served as an armed
and uniformed guard at the Merchants and Savings Bank in Janesville.  The campaign ad for Albright promised:  "If elected I will
provide Evansville with the best of Police Protection furnishing my own uniform--motorcycle, automobile and will cooperate with the
Sheriff's office to keep the city's police expense at the minimum.  24--hour service with headquarters at City Hall."  

Charles Gibson also ran against the popular Fred Gillman.  The incumbent chief never bothered to advertise his candidacy but
when the votes were tallied, the race was won by Gillman, once again.

Gas stations were a favorite target of robbers in the 1930s.  Burglaries after hours were common, but sometimes the clerks were
threatened with guns and other weapons and forced to give up the money at the station.  Dynamite was sometimes used to blast
safes in the filling stations.  

Frank Maxwell's gas station was robbed in 1934.  The Chief of Police felt they must have been professional criminals, driving
through Evansville on their way to Chicago.  They left no clues for Gillman to pursue and this was the best explanation he could give
for his lack of suspects.

Usually the most serious crimes were committed by people who did not live in Evansville.  However, during the late 1930s there were
a series of thefts at the public library, the school and churches.  In 1937, when several thefts occurred, the police were able to get
confessions from four local youth's and the crimes were solved.  

The following year, three young men held up the Pure Oil Station on North Madison Street.  They threatened to shoot the gas
station attendant and he quickly turned over $17 in cash and let the men fill their gas tank at the station's pumps.  Then they made
the young gas station employee walk in front of the car until he was about a quarter mile from the gas station.  Then the thieves
sped away in their car, going east toward Janesville.

A few months later, an attempt to rob the Winn gas station was not so succcessful.  Two ex-convicts had pried open a window at the
station and stolen money from a cigarette vending machine and a pay-telephone.  Chief Gillman and night officer, Orville Jones were
summoned as soon as the robbery was discovered.  Two Rock County Deputies were also called in to help with the case.  

The case was solved within two hours after the robbery was discovered.  The officers found an instrument they called a "yegg man's
jimmey".  Yegg was a popular slang term in the 1930's, meaning thief.  

The tool used to open the windows was a shoe brake that railroad men used on freight cars.  The evidence indicated to Gillman and
the other officers that the robbers were "common hobos".  The policemen found the thieves waiting in the freight yard for a train to
take them out of the city.  When the two men were arrested and their identities known, the police discovered that both had lengthy
criminal records.  

In the late 1930s, the City Council voted to have the night policeman's position an elective one.  In 1938, Orville Jones, who had held
the night officer's job for a number of years was elected.  The following year, Jones was defeated by Peter A. Finstad.  Rock County
Sheriff Owen Rex named Jones a deputy sheriff, working highway patrol and other duties.

Within a year, Evansville lost two of its most popular police chiefs.  Calvert C. Broughton died in March 1939.  The former
professional baseball player and police officer was 78 years old at the time of his death.  

In March 1940, Chief Fred Gillman was preparing to run for another term as police chief when he had a heart attack.  Gillman died a
week before the election.

Gillman was described as "still enthusiastic over his duties" and "an outstanding figure in many important police cases."  J. I. Scott,
editor of the Evansville Review wrote a special column in memory of Fred Gillman.  

According to Scott, Gillman led a life of "usefulness, respect and honor".  Gillman was described as a "kindly spirit, a real man, and
outstanding in his love and youth and his kindly forbearance for the many errors which the young, in the exercise of their strong
vitality and adolescent thoughtlessness are likely to commit."  Fred Gillman loved his hometown and its people.  

For those who broke the law, there was another side to the personality of Fred Gillman.  "To the hardened criminal, sought by
justice for punishment, he was a shrewd relentless officer "who seemed always to know what, where, why and when, the offender
would be at a certain place".   

The Janesville Gazette also eulogized Gillman and described him as a law enforcement agent who had built up his reputation many
years ago, but had kept current with the changing methods used by police officials.  He had secured a reputation among his fellow
officers as a successful detective and an outstanding figure in police work.    

Just a few days after long-time police chief Fred Gillman died, the election was held for a new chief.  Gillman's name had been
placed on the ballott, along with Charles H. Gibson and James Lamb.  By a majority of  683 votes to Gibson's 437, Lamb was elected
to the office.  

Peter Finstad, the night policeman became too ill to carry on with the duties and died in February 1940, Ernest Clifford was
appointed to the position.  Clifford had been on the job just two months, when he had to face an election for the position in the
spring of 1940.  

There were eleven candidates in the contest for night policeman.  Ernest G. Clifford, the incumbent, was challenged by Floyd
Roberts, Frank W. West, Selmar Jordahl, Frank Meyers, Raymond Schwartz, Victor McCaffery, Fred Sanders, Alfred Brooks, A. M.
Siglen and Robert C. Searles.  Of the 1,161 votes cast Clifford received the majority and continued as the night policeman.  The
election brought out the second largest turnout in the city's history.  

The new Police Chief, James Lamb had been the day police officer.  Lamb was a native of Brooklyn and was in his early sixties when
he took the job as Evansville's police chief.

The City Council appointed Selmar Jordahl as the new day officer.  Max Weaver served as the relief officer for special duty during
Fourth of July celebrations and as a substitute for other officers.    

Chief Lamb focused his attention on traffic and parking problems, as there was very little crime committed in Evansville during his
administration of the police department.  In May 1940, the police received a new patrol car.  It was purchased from Heffel Chevrolet
in Evansville at a cost of $400.  

Policemen had often used their own vehicles for official use, but the department did not have a squad car. The Police Chief
explained the advantages of the new squad car.  "Heretofore, officers have many times failed to arrest speeders because they were
without official police car to overtake the speedsters and make arrests."  

The new vehicle was designed to "overtake speeding motoritst who have been endangering the lives of Evansville pedestrians."  
Lamb also hoped to bring a halt to drivers who made illegal u-turns on Main Street.

The new squad was also used as an ambulance.  In July 1940, two young men, twenty-year-old Robert Allen and his companion,
Ervin Jorgensen, were involved in a crash of a home-made racing car on North Madison Street.  Lamb transported the accident
victims in the city squad car to Mercy Hospital where Jorgensen was pronounced dead.  Allen recovered from his injuries.

In addition to his other duties, Lamb also assigned Jordahl, the day officer, to act as a crossing guard for school children at the
intersection of School and South Madison Streets.  He received "Considerable commendation" for starting this safety program for
the children, according to an Evansville Review report.  

In the spring election of 1941, there were only two candidates for night policeman.  Ernest G. Clifford was challenged by Floyd
Roberts.  It was the second time that Roberts had tried for the post.  Clifford won the election, but did not finish his term and in
October 1941 was replaced by Roberts.  A few months later, Roberts became the day policeman and Max Weaver took over as
night policeman.  

The January 1942 report of the City Council listed payments to James M. Lamb of $95, Max Weaver, Night Police, $95 and Floyd
Roberts, Police & tank, $85.00.  There were also payments to men who acted as substitutes during the absences of the regular
officers.   E. E. Trebs and George Morrison were both paid for police relief work in 1942.

Max Weaver, the night policeman, had lived in Evansville most of his life.  He was a World War I veteran and had received the gold
war service stripe and the purple heart.   Most of the policemen working on the force in the early 1940s were too old for service in
World War II.  

There was very little crime in Evansville during the war years of the 1940s.  Speeders, bicycle riders who did not buy licenses, and
other minor offenses were handled by the three-man department.  Each year, Lamb issued warnings in the local newspapers about
license violations, safe use of fire crackers on the 4th of July, avoiding Halloween pranks, and bicycle riding safety tips.   He also
joined  with the fire chief, Ben Bly, to warn motorists and bicyclists against following the fire trucks when they were on their way to a
fire.

Only two major crimes occurred during Lamb's administration.  Thieves robbed three city gas stations in March 1942.  The crooks
got a total of $39.52 from the cash registers.  Art's Super Service, Jack Feldt's station on North Madison Street and the Pure Oil
Station on North Madison Street were the targets for the crimes.  There were five similar robberies reported in Janesville that same
evening and the police felt the thefts were probably committed by the same people.  

In April 1944, the Conners filling station on North Madison Street was robbed.  Eighteen-year-old John Meier, the station attendant,
was hit over the head and $45 in cash was taken from the station cash register.  Although Meier gave the police a description of the
robber, he was never located.

James Lamb died in May 1945 and was replaced by Lorenzo "Joe" Cain.  An experienced lawman, Cain had served as a Rock
County Deputy and as a policeman for the City of Janesville.   However, he stayed in Evansville for just a little more than a year,
then returned to work for the Rock County Sheriff's department.

Under the direction of Chief Cain, Evansville motorists participated in a national traffic safety check program.  Many police
departments throughout the United States were concerned about the safety of used vehicles that were put on the market.  World
War II had created a shortage of automobiles, as production was halted in favor of war machines.  

When manufacturers began producing new cars, they could operate at higher rates of speed, and officers thought the increased
speed would cause more accidents.  The police were also concerned about used cars that were coming on the market, because
many had not been maintained for safety.  

Cain warned motorists that any car that was involved in an accident would be checked for operational brakes, lights, tires, windshield
wipers and horn.  Owners were fined if their vehicles had mechanical defects found by police officers.     

In June 1945, Earnest G. Clifford once again returned to the police force, replacing Floyd Roberts.  Others listed on the police
payroll for the summer of 1945 were Joseph L. Walsh and George Morrison.   In August 1945, Cain hired Orvin Nimmo as a police
officer.  

Cain's was one of the shortest terms as police chief in the city's history.  He resigned in July 1946 and was replaced by Orvin Nimmo
who had served as the Acting Chief of Police until his appointment was confirmed by the City Council in September.  



Nimmo's new assistants were Lynn Wall, and William A. Foust.  One of the first programs instituted by Chief Nimmo was the safety
patrol at the Evansville public school.  At the time, all grades of the Evansville Schools were housed in what is now the J.C. McKenna
Middle School.  

In the fall of 1946, the first safety patrol included eight boys selected by the teachers.  Although the local police department was in
charge of the program. All equipment for the safety patrol, including white "Sam Brown" belts and badges, was provided by the
Wisconsin Motor Vehicle Department.  The local police trained and supervised the boys who had been selected to help other
students cross busy street intersections.  Nimmo requested that drivers be respectful of the young patrolmen.

Nimmo also began publishing monthly police reports, as Chief Fred Gillman had done for many years.  He kept track of the arrests,
complaints, mileage that the squad was driven, drivers tests given, bicycle licenses, automobile accidents, fire calls, funeral escorts,
and business places found open.  Nimmo also issued safety tips on driving, bicycling, and holiday safety.

The policeman put more than 2,000 miles on the squad car each month, driving their patrols of Evansville.  Nimmo sometimes used
his own vehicle and was paid for the mileage associated with police department business.  

Shortly after Nimmo took over as chief of the department, there were several robberies.  Nimmo was able to catch the young man
who had looted several automobiles and home garages.  Nimmo recovered more than $150 in stolen goods and the young man was
turned over to his father, who lived in Chicago.  

Most of the arrests were for offenses involving intoxication or speeding.  Of the 35 arrests made in the month of August 1947, ten
were for drunkenness and ten for exceeding the speed limit.    

Harold "Harry" Van Tuyl was hired as a new police officer in November 1947.  According to the Evansville Review, Van Tuyl had
been highly recommended for the officer's job, although he had no law enforcement experience.  

Van Tuyl had served in the Signal Corps and was employed by the U. S. Geological Survey before coming to Evansville to take the
police officer's job.  Van Tuyl soon realized that he was not meant to be a police officer and left Evansville in November 1948 to
become a photographer with the Janesville Gazette.  William Hansen, a substitute officer, was given Van Tuyl's job as police officer.

In 1947, the Evansville department received new radio equipment and when Orvin Nimmo advertised for a police officer, he gave the
following list of skills needed for the job.  "The man wanted must be able after some instruction and study to handle radio, as this is
one of the most important items of equipment of any department.  Schools will again be available to the men of the department in law
enforcement.  The work on the department is not as a number of people believe an easy job, but instead is plenty of hard work, at
times long hours, and also things to be done at times that you do not like to do, but if a man is interested in the work, there is a
future in it."

With the new radio, the city was said to have one of the best departments of a city of its size in the country.  State officials sent
representatives from other cities to observe the Evansville police department as an example of an efficient and up-to-date
organization.

A new police officer, John Casey, was involved in an unusual traffic accident in March 1948.  Casey was checking a vehicle with its
doors open and lights on that was parked on North Forth Street.  While he was talking with the occupant of the car, a second car
crashed into Casey, throwing him 29 feet.  He received compound fractures of the right leg and cuts and bruises.  

Casey was hospitalized for several months.  The accident did not dampen Casey's enthusiasm for police work and he returned to
the force as soon as he was able.  

Orvin Nimmo served on the Evansville police department for six years and from August 1945 until May 1951, he was the police
chief.  Nimmo focused his attention on a variety of safety programs.

In May 1949, Nimmo completed an F.B.I. course in fingerprinting and persuaded the City to purchase a fingerprinting kit for the
police department.  Although there were very few crime investigations in Evansville that required taking fingerprints Nimmo wanted
all of his officers to be familiar with the techniques involved.  After completing the course, Nimmo taught the other police officers to
take fingerprints, find and lift them from objects and then to read and compare the prints.

In a normal month in the late 1940s, the police department made 20 to 30 arrests.  Most were for traffic violations and drunkenness.  
The monthly summaries of the police reports were published in the Evansville Review and included the names, offenses, and fines
of each person arrested.  

One of the regular duties of local police officers was to give written and behind the wheel driver's tests to residents so they could get
their Wisconsin driver's license.    As the State of Wisconsin tried to improve traffic safety, Nimmo kept the public informed of the new
laws of interest to motorists.  

Nimmo wrote a monthly column for the Evansville Review.  Under the headline, "The Police Chief Says", Nimmo wrote about new
state laws for drivers, driver safety tips, and car maintenance for maintaining a safe vehicle.  

His August 1949 article cautioned motorists to drive "carefully and courteously", especially as children returned to school.  Nimmo
also wrote that during the first nine months of the year, there had been 8 people injured in traffic accidents in the city and 40 cases
of property damage due to vehicle accidents.

In addition to his monthly safety tips, the police chief worked with the Wisconsin State Motor Vehicle department to promoted a
Safety Week in Evansville during the fall of 1949. The local PTA, Lions Club, American Legion and Chamber of Commerce helped
sponser the Safety Week program.

During the week of activities, speakers from the Wisconsin Safety Division were sent to talk to students.  Driver education courses
were offered at the high school.  The history and biology teacher, Bernard Kennedy, taught the course. Nimmo had arranged for
safety movies to be shown in the schools and at the Rex Theater.  

Young bicyclists were encouraged to learn safety slogans such as "Don't ride through the Red Light" and "Stop for the Stop Sign".  
Students were also asked to write their own safety slogans and enter them in the slogan contest.   Local merchants supplied prizes
for the slogan contest.  

At the end of the Safety Week, more than 400 posters had been turned into the police department.  Selected community members
chose the winners of the slogan contest and the prize winners were announced at an assembly of students.  Chief Nimmo then
presented badges and white belts to the twenty boys who had been chosen for the 1949-50 Safety Patrol.

There were a number of changes in the police department personnel in the late 1940s and early 1950s.  Officer Lynn Wall resigned
in October 1949.  He had served the Evansville Police department for three years.  Nimmo announced that the openings on the
police department.  John Loghry filled one of the full-time officer's positions.   Loghry was familiar with police procedures as he had
served as one of the department's relief duty officers.  

The second officer hired in November 1949 was Myron Beyer.   Although he had no previous experience as a policeman, Chief
Nimmo told news reporters that Beyer was "capable and is considered the man for the position."  

Evansville was a rapidly growing community in the 1940s.  There was an eight percent increase in the population from 1940 to
1950.  Census records for 1950 gave Evansville a population of 2,530.  

In May 1951, Orvin Nimmo resigned and before the end of the month John Casey, who had served as a police officer was named the
Acting Evansville Police Chief by the City Council.    

Ward D. Owens was hired to fill the vacancy left by Casey's appointment as Chief.  Owens had 15 years of experience as a police
officer in Beloit.  In October 1951, George Walk replaced Owens.   

Several months earlier, Walk had served as a relief officer when Myron Beyer broke his leg and was on sick leave.  Walk had lived in
Evansville since 1948 and had operated a construction company.  He was following a family tradition by becoming a police officer as
George Walk's father had also been a policeman in New Jersey.

Casey had a budget of $22,540 to work with in 1952.  One of the items purchased was a new police car. The Thompson Ford
Garage received the bid award and the new car was to cost $2,415, less a $415 trade in allowance for the old squad car.

The new squad car arrived in August 1952 and replaced one the officers had used since 1946.  The car was specially built for police
duty.  The two-door Ford had Fordomatic shift and had a 125 horse power motor.  The car also had special police shock absorbers,
special springs, and a weighted frame for safety during high speed chases on curving roads.  The special frame was built to
stabalize the car even if it took curves at 70 miles per hour.

According to the Review's report, the new car was equipped with "a police radio, siren, spotlight, special speedometer for clocking
the speed of other cars and an accurate stop button that will show the exact speed of the car and the number of miles traveled
before another vehicle is overtaken".  

In April 1953, a new police radio system was installed at the Evansville police office in City Hall by Floyd Stone of the Rock County
Sheriff's department.  The new communication system, allowed radio contact with the sheriff's department 24 hours a day.  

If the policeman was not in the office or the squad car, the Sheriff's department placed a call to the Evansville telephone office.  The
telephone operator activated a blinking light in the center of the street at the corner of Main and Madison.  

When the officer saw the blinking light he knew that he must quickly get to a radio set to answer the call.  The policeman could also
use a telephone beneath the stairs on the eastside of the building at 1 West Main.  When he called the local telephone operator the
officer was given information about where he needed to respond.

Officer Rolland Gundlach and Chief Casey were pictured in their City Hall office using the new system.  A call light switch was also
installed at City Hall so that the public could summon the police with the blinking light.  

Evansville was first police department in the state to install this system of police communication equipment.  Other cities planned to
use this same radio setup.  With the new radio, the police no longer had to make long distance calls to communicate with the
sheriff's department.  The radio was expected to save taxpayers money and to be more efficient.  

Local police began reporting an increase in the number of arrests made in the early 1950s.  Court statistics for the early 1950s
make it clear that there was very little crime and officers were most often arresting people for traffic violations.  In 1952 there were
277 court cases, 308 in 1953 and 523 in 1954.  

In January 1954, John Casey resigned after a dispute with the other police officers and the City Council.  Before his resignation,
Casey had not reported for duty for several days and had not informed the City officials or his police officers that he was going to be
away from his post.  When he was questioned about his absence, he declined to give a reason for his absence and placed his
resignation before the Council.  

However, Casey had a change of heart and at the February Council meeting he asked to be reinstated as a police officer.  Casey
informed the Council that he did not want to return as chief, but wanted to be a patrolman.  

Local attorney Albert Gill represented Casey at the Council meeting and presented two petitions from citizens asking that he be
given a job as a policeman with the city.  The mayor presented one petition against rehiring Casey.  

Alderman Ralph Bennett questioned the other police officers, Rollie Gundlach, Myron Beyer, and George Walk, as to whether they
knew where Casey had been during the days in question.  Each replied that they had not been informed that their Chief was not
going to report for work.  After considerable heated discussion among the Council members, Casey was allowed to reapply and was
given an officers position

George Walk was made Acting Chief for a probationary period of 90 days.  However, the mayor, A. M. Winn, did not ask the Council
to affirm his appointment and it was more than a year before Walk was designated as the City's Police Chief.  

Walk asked for a new squad car and a radar unit to help police detect speeders.  The aldermen agreed with the Acting Chief's
recommendation and purchased a new squad car from Heffel Chevrolet for $887 in 1954.  The price included a trade-in of the Ford
squad car that had been driven over 2,000 miles a month.  

Although the Council approved the new car, they did not see the need for a radar unit.  Persistent about his request, Walk asked
the fire and police committee to endorse the radar system, but they too vetoed the idea.  The Commission members did not want get
the speed detection device because they were afraid it meant they would need to purchase another squad car or hire extra men to
operate the system.  

Walk persisted in his requests.  State patrolmen had used the same radar systems in Evansville on four occasions with success.  In
their August 1954 radar sweep, the State Troopers had issued 33 speeding tickets in just one day.  Walk felt this demonstrated that
there was a need for local police to have the equipment so that they could also catch speeders more efficiently.  

More than a year later, in September 1955, a radar unit was purchased at a cost of approximately $500.  Within a month, the device
had paid for itself, through the fines gained from those ticketed for speeding.

Walk also recommended that the patrolmen's salary be increased to $250 a month during a 3 month probationary period, then
raised to $290 per month.  The City Council agreed.  

The biggest controversy of 1954 was the installation of parking meters in the business district of Evansville.  For several months the
Council had considered this as a solution to parking problems in the downtown, but had decided to leave the decision to the voters.  

The referendum for parking meters passed in the April 1954 election and the Council signed a contract to supply and install the
devices with the Duncan Parking Meter Co.  The following August the meters were installed and the patrolmen were assigned the
responsibility for ticketing those who had not put the correct coins in the meters.  The police also collected the coins deposited.  

The controversy about whether to have parking meters continued for several years.  Merchants complained that the parking meters
were driving away customers and even when the Council agreed to have Friday as a free parking night, the merchants open on
Saturday nights were angry that they did not get the same privilege.

George Walk received a great deal of publicity for his special interest in preventing juvenile crime. In November 1954, Walk attended
a University of Wisconsin course "Juvenile Law Enforcement Institute."  After taking the course, he wrote several articles for the
Evansville Review describing the course and acknowledging that as a result of the institute he had a different outlook on kids
problems.  "It's not the kids alone, but all the factors around them that make them what they are and cause them to do what they
do," Walk said.  He emphasized that although Evansville had few youth cases from 50 to 75 percent of a police agency's work was
devoted to problems of juvenile delinquency.

To combat potential delinquency problems, Chief Walk initiated a youth recreation program and received high praise from the Rock
County District Attorney.  In a talk that encouraged parents to instill a sense of responsibility in children through family and church,
District Attorney Joseph Forrestal told an Evansville parent's group that they were very fortunate to have a police force that handled
juvenile problems with wisdom.  

Walk also encouraged his officers to enroll in educational courses related to police work.  In March 1955, the acting police chief
worked the day shift so that his three patrolmen, Richard Luers, Myron Beyer and Rolland Gundlach could attend a training course
in Janesville.  Walk attended the same course in the evening.  The classes gave the men training in firearms, patrolling, handling
prisoners and public relations.  The men also took courses in traffic control and juvenile crime.  

Rolland Gundlach resigned in April 1956 and the following month John Whitmore joined the Evansville police department.  Whitmore
had been a member of the auxiliary police force organized in 1955.  The new officer was also required to attend the classes that
were sponsored by the Wisconsin Chiefs of Police Association, the Wisconsin Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs Association and the
Milwaukee office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Rather than a monthly police report, in early 1957, the police department began issuing a weekly report of court cases.   Traffic
violations dominated the cases brought before Justice Paul Pullen.  Each report also included the arresting officer for each case.  

The radar unit purchased at Walk's suggestion was bringing in large amounts of money.  In one week in April 1957, the city court
collected $1,094 from convictions on 47 charges.  It was more than five times the amount collected under Chief Nimmo's
administration in April 1949.  

Robert Albright was hired as a relief police officer in June 1957.  When he was not working as a policeman, Albright operated a
refrigeration service and TV sales and service store.  Walk intended to have Albright work during the summer vacations of the other
patrolmen, but also expected that the relief officer could be used throughout the year for emergencies.  

Walk also initiated a newsletter to be sent to businessmen.  He planned to include information that would be helpful to merchants in
preventing retail crime.  Patrolling the business district and checking for locked doors after hours was one of the principal
responsibilities of the police officers, when they were not using radar to catch speeders.

In May 1959, Chief George Walk resigned as the Evansville Police Chief and took a job as the Chief at Sun Prairie.  Patrolman
Richard Luers was made acting chief a few days after Walk announced his resignation.

Richard Luers was 28 years old when he accepted the offer from the City Council to become head of the Evansville Police
Department.  He had been a policeman in the city since 1954.  

Luers found his life's work after being discharged from the army in 1954.  As soon as his tour of duty was finished, Luers returned to
his home in Brodhead and started a search for work.  A friend told him about an opening at the Evansville police department.  Luers
applied for the job and was hired by George Walk.  

When he accepted the Mayor's appointment as Chief in 1959, Luers was the youngest chief of police serving in Wisconsin.  There
was an understanding between the acting chief and the City Fathers, that if he did not like the job, he could return to being a
patrolman.  

As the months went by, Luers, the Mayor and the Council became satisfied that he could handle the job.  At the November 1959 City
Council meeting, Mayor Bruce Townsend asked the Council to confirm the appointment of Luers as the permanent chief and for the
next 26 years, Chief Richard Luers headed the Evansville police department.   

In his tenure as Chief, Luers was responsible for organizing the first city-operated ambulance service, the Chaplains program, a
police dispatching service, and a computerized record keeping system for the police department.  

Luers was also one of the founders of the Rock County Emergency Medical Services Advisory Council.  He was appointed by seven
different mayors and served the longest tenure of any chief.  

Luers also was the first police chief to have a college degree. Although it was not a requirement for the job, Luers decided the
continuing education would give him the skills to be a better manager and police officer.  He used the G. I. Bill to attend Milton
College and complete a bachelor's degree.  With assistance from the federal Law Enforcement Assistance program Luers attended
classes offered by Cardinal Stritch University and received his master's degree.  The Chief also encouraged his officers to pursue
further education.

In his first year as Chief, three officers assisted Luers, Myron Beyer, who was later appointed Sergeant,  John Whitmore, and Bob
Albright.  LaVerne Gallman was hired as a policeman in June 1960 to replace Bob Albright.  In August. Fred Schwartzlow who had
been a relief officer resigned and was replaced by Stanley Sperry, Sr., a former professional baseball player and local restaurant
owner.

In an effort to curb juvenile crime, Luers continued the youth programs started by George Walk.  In the summer, the police
department sponsored Friday evening dances on the city park tennis courts. Dick Craven, a local businessman, provided the record
player and records for dancing.  

Evansville police officer's routine work was patrolling the streets, issuing tickets for parking and speeding violations and collecting
parking meter coins,.  Accidents, bad weather, and fires created emergency situations with difficult and sometimes heartbreaking
work for the police officers on duty.  Officers were also called on to deliver death messages sent to the police department from other
jurisdictions.  

In a late summer storm in 1960, wind and heavy rain brought down electric wires in the city park.  Police received a call that a young
boy had come in contact with a 2,400 volt wire and was electrocuted.  The boy's mother had pulled the four-year-old child away from
the wire before officers arrived.  The policemen tried to revive the boy using the resusitator, but without success and the child died.

Winter storms also added stress to a police officer's work.  A snow storm in March 1961 created hazardous driving conditions in the
city and countryside.  Highways and streets were slippery and snow plows could not get through the city streets because of the
stalled cars.  However, motorists risked accidents and traffic delays and drove on the dangerous roads and police were called to
several minor accidents.  

The most serious accident was at the corner of Union and Main Streets, where a semi-trailer truck had skidded out of control and
turned on its side.  In addition to assisting the truck driver, policemen also had to manage the traffic that had backed up for several
blocks.  It was several hours before the truck was removed.  When the storm subsided and snowplows were able to clear the roads,
order was restored to city traffic and the police returned to their routine work.

As they had for many years, police officers also acted as the local dog catchers.  The Council discussed building a kennel for the
captured dogs and settled on a location at the north end of the old Water and Light building.  Luers began publishing pictures of the
lost dogs in the local newspapers in hopes of finding owners for the pets.

The City owned just one squad car and it was driven at least 2,000 miles a month as police patrolled the streets.  Because of the
heavy use of the vehicle, Chief Luers made an attempt to replace the squad car every two years.

The City Council voted at their March 1961 meeting to accept the bid of $1,069 from Heffel Chevrolet for the new squad car.  It
arrived in April and was equipped with all of the latest gadgets for a modern squad, including one flashing red light on the roof and
the siren mounted on the passenger-side front fender.  

Luers displayed all of the equipment carried in the squad, including a shotgun, oxygen, radar equipment, first aid kit, blankets, and
radio equipment.  A photograph of the squad and all of the equipment appeared in the August 24, 1961 issue of the Evansville
Review.

A series of robberies puzzled police in the early summer of 1961.  Clothing samples valued at more than $3,000 were stolen from a
salesman's car, after he stopped in Evansville for lunch.  A few days later, the Helgesen Farm Equipment office was robbed.  The
thieves had forced their way through the door and pried open a small safe in the office.  

Fortunately, the owners had long abandoned keeping cash in the safe and used it as an extra seat in their office..  The loss was
confined to a set of mechanic's tools and a small amount of change from the pop machine.  In both cases, the local police notified
the sheriff's office for help in solving the crimes, but no one was ever charged with the burglaries.   

The police department was given a new responsibility when local funeral director, Al Ward, notified the City Council that he would no
longer be operating an ambulance service.  Ward pledged his full cooperation in the use of his equipment and any assistance he
could offer during the transition period.

When the Council received the news at their November 1961 meeting, they realized they must act quickly so that Evansville would
not have a gap in the ambulance service in case of an emergency.  The matter was referred to Councilmen who served on the
Police and Fire Commission.  The aldermen began immediate plans to organize a city-owned ambulance service but were unsure
about whether the fire department or the police should be in charge of the ambulance.   

The decision became clear when Fire Chief Chester Jorgensen declined the offer to have the Evansville Fire Department operate
the ambulance service.  Police Chief Luers was then told, "Richard its up to you to start an ambulance service".   

Within three weeks after Luers was given the assignment, he had a full crew of men who offered their services as an ambulance
crew.  Although the fire department had declined to take on the responsibility for the service, there were many local firemen who
were volunteers for the new ambulance operation.

The volunteers who first came forward to operate the ambulance service were Gordon Hartin,  Ed Erpenbach, John Whitmore, Don
Graham, William Wood, Bob Kelly, Richard Meyers, Kenneth Amann, Robert Erstad, Al Ward, Bill Morrison, Gordon Kazda, Don Hart
and R. W. Schuster.  

In its deliberation over the creation of the new ambulance service, the City Council had hoped to involve all of the townships that
participated in the local cost of operating the Evansville Fire Department, including Union, Center, Porter and Magnolia.   This would
give the City financial support and provide ambulance service for rural residents.  However, when the City and the township
supervisors met for their annual meeting in November 1961, only Union Township joined with Evansville in supporting the cost of the
ambulance.

The Ward-Roderick Funeral Home sold the ambulance to the City for $1,750.  The Union Township supervisors agreed to pay 20%
of the equipment and service costs.  Eventually the other three townships agreed to support the service and benefited by its use.

The ambulance service was officially turned over to the Evansville Police Department on January 1, 1962.   The ambulance was
renamed Squad 2.  The Dodge station wagon was equipped with a stretcher, radio and oxygen.  The ambulance was kept in Art
Sand's gas station across from the City Hall. The City Council established charges for the ambulance at $15 per call in the City and
Union Townships and $25 a call in the non-participating areas.

Chief Luers required that all of the police officers and ambulance drivers have first aid training.  Dr. Samuel Sorkin, a local physician
who had worked with the Red Cross, taught the first aid courses to the men.

Police officers always had to be prepared for the unexpected call.  A local gas station owner phoned for a police officer to try and
find the parents of a lost boy.  A family from St. Paul, including the parents and their eight children, had been on vacation and were
returning home when they stopped in Evansville to use the restrooms and fill their car with gas.  However, when the family started on
their way again, they left behind their four year old son, who was still in the rest room.  

The local police radioed the State Highway Patrol near Madison and the parents were stopped as they entered that city.  They had
not missed their son, but were grateful that he had been returned.  The father remarked, "Next time I will take roll call after each
stop."

Routine duties were interrupted again when Officer Myron Beyer received a tip that a man was trying to cash a forged check at a
local tavern.  Beyer immediately headed for the tavern, and was informed that the man had moved on to another bar.  The police
officer followed the man into the next tavern and caught him as he was trying to cash a check.  

Suspecting that he was the same forger who had tried to cash checks in other area towns, Beyer locked the man in the City Hall jail
and called Chief Luers to come and search the man's vehicle that was parked behind the Grange Store.  The two officers found a
typewriter in the car that had been used to write the forged checks.  

Luers decided to contact the County Sheriff's office and turned the evidence and the case over to them.  The forger was turned
over to a Rock County Deputy and the area FBI agent.   Beyer received commendation in the local newspapers as he had indeed
captured the man who had cashed forged checks in Orfordville, Edgerton and Footville before trying the same scheme in Evansville.

There was very little violent crime in Evansville and there were few cases of serious offenses.  With the exception of traffic violations,
most Evansville residents were law-abiding citizens.  People who were not residents of Evansville almost always committed the most
serious crimes.  

In 1963, a window peeper was disturbing residents in Evansville.  He seemed attracted to the same houses each time and police set
up a careful watch at the locations where residents had reported seeing the man.  However, it was a local resident, who spotted the
man at his devious activities and chased him through the yards on West Main Street.

The accused window peeper tripped over a wire that one of the homeowners had placed on a corner lot to keeping people from
walking on the lawn.  When he fell, the citizen who had given chase was able to catch the suspect.  Chief Luers was called and the
man confessed his crimes.  

Evansville homes were not the man's only target.  The suspect also confessed to window peeping in Madison.  The Evansville
Review reported that, "His apprehension here has also cleared up about 15 Madison cases."

Despite the few cases that made the newspaper, most of the police activities centered on traffic control and keeping the peace.  The
department had a strong commitment to youth programs, and in keeping with this, Chief Richard Luers started a bicycle safety
program.  Each year, an inspection and license application day was held on a Saturday in April.  To get the attention of young traffic
offenders, Luers also set up an informal bicycle court one Saturday each month.  

Bicyclists who had violated traffic rules had their bicycles impounded for a short period of time.  Luers told the Janesville Gazette
reporter that the main purpose of this program was to help the young people develop respect for the laws, the police, and the courts.

In July of 1963, the police chief also started a program of community service for juvenile offenders.  Five boys who were found with
illegal fireworks in their possession were ordered to clean the park after the annual summer cattle show, the Black and White Show.  

In another case, several boys who had tipped over garbage cans were required to work on the city-own garbage collection truck for
a few hours.  "They lost their yen for garbage cans," Luers told a reporter.

There were personnel and location changes for the police department in late 1963. At their December 1963 meeting, the City
Council approved the hiring of Charles Babler as a police officer, to replace LaVern Gallman who had resigned a few weeks earlier.
The council also approved funds so that the police department could move into new quarters in the City Hall in 1964.  

The police had been in the southwest corner on the second floor of the building.  This area was more appropriate for the city clerk's
office as it contained the safe.  The north side of the second floor was remodeled for police department offices.  

In 1964, the police news that received the most coverage was a confrontation with National Farmers Organization members, the
NFO.  In protest over low prices for livestock, the NFO members attempted to stop farmers from bringing their livestock to stockyards
in Evansville and other markets, including Madison's Oscar Mayer plant.

Trucking companies that carried the livestock were the principal targets of the blockades by the NFO members.  When police
officers received word that a group was following two truckloads of livestock into Evansville, officer John Whitmore and Deputy
Sheriff Richard Toler stopped the caravan at the entrance to the city on South Madison Street.   

According to a Janesville Gazette report, Whitmore issued a warning that "police would tolerate no trouble in the city."  Throughout
the county, there were several arrests and charges of harassment from the members of the NFO and the farmers who were
attempting to get their animals to market.

Police Chief Richard Luers once said in an interview that he tried to keep things low key, and Evansville's troubles in Evansville.  In
keeping with this philosophy, there were rarely newspaper reports concerning the Evansville Police Department and Luers seldom
sought publicity for himself.  

The police department in 1965 included Chief Luers, Sergeant Myron Beyer, and patrolmen, Charles "Chuck" Babler and John
Whitmore.  The four men shared one patrol car and the department had one ambulance.  

Luers received a salary of $536 a month.  The sergeant received $491 a month and patrolmen $445 to 448 a month. Generally, the
City Council granted the men a pay increase each year.

The day-to-day activities of the police officers were usually peaceful.  However, Chuck Babler's police patrol on a Tuesday night in
early June 1965 was anything but routine.  The patrolman received a call from the Rock County Sheriff's office to be on the watch
for two men who had robbed a South Beloit liquor storeowner at gunpoint.  

Babler had a description of the car and the robbers.  When he spotted the vehicle approaching Evansville, Babler immediately
radioed the information back to the Sheriff's department deputies.  After calling for help, Babler stopped the suspect's vehicle and
was able to apprehend the men and take them to the City jail.  

Shortly after Babler captured the men, Rock County Deputies Charles Buchanan and Perry Helgestad arrived in Evansville.  The
deputies and Babler searched the suspects' car.  When the policemen opened the car doors, they found a loaded sawed-off,
automatic 12-gauge shotgun, a revolver, a crow bar, several suits and coats, and a gray flannel hood with two eye slits.  

The officers returned to the Evansville jail and searched the prisoners.  They found $667 in cash, neatly divided into denominations,
as though it had come directly from a cash register.  The deputies took the two men and the confiscated evidence to the Rock
County jail.  

Babler was hailed as another "Fred Gillman", the local Police Chief who had captured so many criminals in the early days of the
department.  The City Council gave Babler special commendation and the Evansville Review ran Babler's picture on the front page,
along with the story of his achievement.  "Patrolman Babler is to be commended upon his forethought and bravery," the Evansville
Review reported said.

Since 1898, the police department had depended on the local operators to give them messages about emergencies.  The old
communication system, with the telephone operators acting as dispatchers for the police department was changed in 1965.  When
the dial telephone system came to Evansville the telephone company dismissed all of their operators.

Chief Luers began planning for the change several months before the dial system was installed.  He determined that the City would
have to hire its own personnel to take telephone calls and dispatch information over the police radio at City Hall.  

During normal working hours for the City Clerk's office, from 8 am to 5 p.m. on weekdays, the staff handled the police dispatching
duties.  The police dispatchers worked the evening, weekend and holiday hours not covered by the City Clerk's staff.  The
dispatchers would take police, ambulance, fire calls, and act as clerks for the police department in answering routine calls.  The fire
department provided a dispatcher and had a separate radio system to use during a fire.

The City Council asked the townships who participated in the Evansville Fire Department costs to help pay for the dispatchers.  The
townships agreed that they would benefit from the fire and ambulance dispatching and Evansville's 1966 contracts with the
townships, included additional costs for the equipment and personnel needed for the new communication system.  

The City also agreed to purchase a generator for stand-by-power so that the emergency radio equipment would function during a
power outage at City Hall.  The generator was a mobile unit that was kept at the City garage on Exchange Street.  When this
arrangement proved to be impractical, the generator was permanently installed garage beneath the City Hall.

The switch to the dial telephone system occurred shortly after 6 a.m. on
Sunday morning December 19, 1965.  Chief Luers had dispatchers in place to assist with the radio calls.  Ed Culver, George Golz,
Russell Cook, and Ed Hallmark were some of the dispatchers who worked full or part time for the department in the first years the
system was in operation.

The City Council added $7,835 to the 1966 budget for the police department.  The amount included raises for the current members
of the department as well as the new emergency communication system dispatchers.  The dispatchers were paid $1.65 to $2.20 per
hour.

Using police officers and volunteers, the police department continued to operate the only ambulance service in Evansville.  Those
who manned the ambulance were paid $4 for each call and the City tried to recover costs of maintaining the ambulance service by
billing those who used the ambulance.  However, some refused to pay.  At the August 1965 meeting of the Council the aldermen
agreed to write off the unpaid charges as bad debts.

Space to accommodate all of the city-owned emergency vehicles was one of the key issues facing the City Council.  Throughout
1965, Mayor Wilson Brown persisted in asking the Council to consider building a new City Hall that would include room for the fire
trucks, ambulance and police department. He noted that there was no room for indoor parking of the police car or ambulance.  The
fire department's trucks were squeezed into the old garage beneath the 1892 City Hall building.

As the fire department continued to grow, the City Hall garage could not accommodate the men and vehicles of the department.  
The ambulance was housed in a local gas station and the police cars were parked on the street when they were not in use.

Brown's idea did not meet with much support and he received protests from several Council members and citizens about the cost of
building a new city hall.  Brown then concentrated his efforts on a long-term plan for meeting the space needs of the City's offices.  
The mayor said the new municipal building could be built in two stages, starting with the fire and police station with an adjoining city
hall to be added later.

"I think we need a fire and police station desperately and I think we need it now," Mayor Brown told the City Council at their January
1966 meeting.  However, at the spring election in 1966, Brown was defeated and Mayor Ida Conroy took charge of the City
business.   Conroy continued to push for a building that would house the fire station with room for the City Ambulance.  The following
year, the new fire station was built on land just west of the City Hall.  The ambulance was moved into the former fire station in the
garage in the City Hall.

Though the Council could not agree on the housing for the vehicles, they were responsive to the needs of the police department for
new vehicles.  In early 1966, a new ambulance was purchased and the old ambulance was given to the Public Works department. A
new police car was added in the summer of 1966.  The new vehicle was purchased from Thompson Motors for $1,197.97.

The department also purchased a new radar unit for the squad car.  According to the 1966 City budget, the police were expected to
generate income of $2,500 from fines assessed to those found guilty of speeding, other traffic violations, and parking tickets.  

There were three serious crimes reported in 1966.  The first was the robbery of the Knapp Liquor Store in January.  Two Beloit men
entered the liquor store and held a gun on the storeowner, Ray Knapp.  He gave them about $50 from the store's cash register.  
When the men left Knapp alerted his wife, who called the police.  Chief Luers immediately radioed for the Sheriff's department to set
up a road block and the thieves were captured by Rock County deputies a short while later.

The second crime occurred in October.  Burglars entered the high school office and cracked the safe.  The office was ransacked
and files and broken glass were scattered around the room.  Local officers worked with the Rock County Sheriff's department, but
this crime went unsolved.  

Although the school had been forcibly entered, Luers had his men make a survey of the security at the school.  The patrolmen
found 28 open windows and several unlocked doors.  Luers gave his report to the school board and alerted school authorities to the
problem.

The third major crime occurred in December 1965 when the Sperry Restaurant was robbed.  When the owner, Mrs. Iris Sperry heard
a noise, she went to investigate and frightened away the thief.  However, there was still money taken from the cash register.  The
burglar was gone before police arrived, leaving no clues for them to follow.  

Myron Beyer, long-term police office, was scheduled for retirement when he reached his 60th birthday in  February 1966.  However,
the City Council granted his wish to continue for another year.  In addition to his patrol duties, Beyer was in charge of maintenance
of the parking meters and served as the local building inspector.  

Controversy over whether there should be parking meters had been the subject referendums and City Council meetings for a
number of years.  The City annually collected $5,000 from the meters and the income was used for street maintenance.  Because of
the meter revenue, the Council was reluctant to eliminate the meters and at the recommendation of Beyer, replaced 24 parking
meters in the summer of 1966.  

Despite the confidence the Council had shown in his abilities, Sergeant Myron Beyer decided to retire in June 1966 and was
replaced by Norman Schnabel.  That same month, John Whitmore was promoted to Sergeant of the department.  In September, the
Council agreed to hire a fifth police officer, Rodell Roberts.  However, Roberts stayed less than a year and became a Janesville
police officer in June 1967.  

In addition to their patrol duties, the local police also continued to serve as Evansville's dogcatchers.  Chief Luers was not satisfied
with the kennel accommodations and in early 1966 conferred with local veterinarian, Dr. E. W. Krueger, about plans for a new dog
pound.   The City Council approved the plans and the new pound was constructed in the summer of 1966.

Struck & Irwin of Madison built the chain link fence kennels at a cost of $600.  There were four pens with a doghouse in each area.
The new dog pound was located at the City disposal plant on the city's east side.

A cattle drive, vandalism and other pranks were some of the unusual events the police department handled in 1967 and 1968.  
Usually pranks that resulted in vandalism were the work of local young people and churches, the schools, and the parks were
usually the targets.  Someone with a grudge against the school music department and a penchant for obscene language damaged
the local junior high school band room in February 1967.  

Sometimes the annoying crimes took a serious turn.  Police were called to investigate the theft of microphones and other equipment
from a local church.   The case was solved within a few weeks after police officers received a tip.  The information led to the
recovery of the stolen items and a confession from the young robber.  The teenager was turned over to The Rock County Juvenile
officers.

The National Farmers Organization sponsored a cattle drive through Evansville's downtown area in April 1967.  The farmers were
driving dairy cattle to market to protest low milk prices.   

The cattle drive received wide publicity in local and area newspapers.  Evansville police and Rock County Deputies were
photographed escorting the men and their animals through the business district to Brigham's stockyards just north of the City limits.  
The scene was reminiscent of the days when cattle and sheep were paraded through town on their way from the farm to the
livestock yards near the depot.

Herding farm animals was not one of the routine activities for Evansville police officers.  However, a few months after the NFO cattle
drive, a bull escaped from Malcolm Hull's meat processing operation and lumbered into town.  Although it was not part of their
regular training, a policeman managed to lasso the bull and return him to his owner.

The controversial parking meters were removed in April 1967.  Policemen still were asked to issue parking tickets to those who
violated the new time limits established by the City Council for parking in the business district.

Local police officers were also asked to help other departments.  When anti-war demonstrations were organized on the University of
Wisconsin campus in Madison, Chief Richard Luers and Sergeant John Whitmore responded to a call from the Capitol and Madison
police to help reinforce their departments.  The two men went to Madison to patrol potential troubled areas of that city.

Patrolman Charles Babler, and Richard McNamer, a former Evansville officer, also helped the Madison police department arrest one
of their own.  The Evansville officers agreed to act as undercover agents and purchase pornographic films from a Madison police
officer.  The sale took place in Dane County and Madison police arrested the suspect based on Babler and McNamer's report.

The local police department regularly budgeted more than $1,000 to support a safety program at the schools.  In 1969, Chief Luers
worked with the General Motors Company to bring the Green Pennant Safety Program to Evansville.  The program was established
to prevent traffic accidents in areas manned by the school Safety Patrol at crossings near the public schools.  A green pennant was
flown on the school flagpole as long as there were no accidents in the school zones.  

An adult crossing guard was stationed at the corner of Madison and School streets.  The other crossings were manned by the 46
sixth grade students who wore the belts and badges of the school safety patrol.  

In 1969, the police department faced a shortage of volunteers to operate the ambulance service.  It became difficult to find volunteer
ambulance drivers and the responsibility for responding to emergencies had fallen on the police officers.  Some were concerned
that the calls took the on-duty police officers outside the city on ambulance runs to hospitals in nearby cities.  

For the first time since the service had been given to the police department, the City said they intended to explore other options.  
The solution the Council settled on was to increase the pay for the volunteers who made each ambulance run.  This temporarily
ended the shortage of personnel.

Four police officers also began to work with the Teamsters Local 579 Union to organize a police union in Evansville.  Public works,
water and light department employees and the police dispatchers were also asking the Teamster business agent for representation.  

In an attempt to keep the employees from forming a union, the mayor and city councilmen placed an open letter in the Evansville
Review and offered the police department several new benefits.  The package included family health insurance, a 5% premium for
night shift pay, four weeks vacation after 15 years service, and a 2 1/2 % increase in pay.

The Union charged the City with violating rules and regulations by attempting to bargain with employees after the employees had
already as the Union to bargain for them.  A hearing was called and one of the police officers testified that he had called the Union
office and asked that they terminate their request for representation.  

The City Council's response satisfied the policemen who had agitated for a union.  For a few years, the Teamsters were held back
from organizing the police and other City department workers.

In February 1970, the police department received a breathalyzer from the State of Wisconsin to be used to determine the alcoholic
content of a person's breath.  The Chief, Robert Hallmark, Charles Babler and Robert Albright were trained to operate the machine.  
State, county and local police used the machine to test drivers suspected of being intoxicated.

A break-in at the Grange Store and a report of money stolen from a private residence were the only crimes reported in 1970.  One
of these cases was solved when two teenagers were arrested and confessed to entering the private home and stealing money.

This year also brought changes in the dispatcher staff.  Ed Hallmark who had been one of the first full time dispatcher for the police
department retired in December 1970.  Phil Olson was hired as his replacement.

The night police officer and the night dispatcher caught three young men trying to rob a local liquor store in January 1971.  The
night patrolman had seen the three young men wandering in the alley near the store and called the dispatcher.  

The young men were seen entering to store, but somehow managed to get away before they were caught.  However, they had been
identified and were picked up a short time later by patrolmen.   After questioning, they confessed to several unsolved burglaries in
the Evansville area.

Very serious vandalism was reported at the high school in 1971.  Thermostats were ripped off the walls, bathroom fixtures were
taken out, windows broken, and doors taken off hinges.  Obscene words were also written on the walls of the school.  

A few days after the vandalism occurred, Chief Richard Luers reported that the suspects had been apprehended and were
scheduled to appear in court.  School officials also withdrew privileges from all high school students.  Passing time between classes
was shortened and honor passes were restricted.  Bathrooms were locked except during passing time.  It was suggested that a
student court and student police be organized to prevent further vandalism.

With these few exceptions, the City of Evansville remained a peaceful place, thanks in part to the law-abiding citizens and the local
police department.  By 1972, the police force included six men, Chief Richard Luers, John Whitmore, Charles Babler, bob Hallmark,
Donald Strampe and Bob Albright.  They were pictured in the Evansville Review with the headline "The Evansville Police Department
who make Evansville a better place to live, work, and play."

The Evansville Police Department changed in several ways in the 1970s.  There were new communication systems, new vehicles,
and new personnel.  

A new radio system was installed in 1971 that expanded the areas of communication for the Evansville Police Department and the
Rock County Sheriff 's department.  Early in the year, the City Council voted to pay $500 for the radio equipment, including the 100
foot tower.  

There was some controversy about the location of the new radio tower.  The installers recommended the tower be placed on a 10-
foot strip of land north of the fire station.  This would allow for a 9-cubic-foot cement base and a self-standing tower with no guide
wires.  Three legs placed 5 feet apart and set in a triangle pattern supported the tower.  However, the location violated the city
ordinance calling for a variance of 3 to 10 feet next to an adjacent lot line.  Several representatives from the Methodist congregation
also opposed the location of the tower so close to their church property.  

After hearing the objections, the Council passed the question to the board of appeals for resolution.  The board of appeals voted
not to place the tower in back of the fire station.  The City Council then agreed that the tower should be built between the City Hall
and the fire station.  After the controversy was put to rest, the new radio system was installed and operational by August and the old
system was put up for sale.  

Small items purchased for the police department sometimes caused heated discussion in City Council meetings.  In March 1971, one
councilman objected to the purchase of five cameras that were used by officers to photograph accidents, vandalism, and crime
scenes.  Mayor Ida Conroy ended the argument between councilmen about whether the purchase was justified.  She suggested the
matter be referred to the finance committee and resolved in the payment of the bill for the cameras.

The Council was more generous with the larger budget items.  They granted the funds for the police department to purchase a
second squad car in 1972.  Several considerations were given for purchasing the new vehicle as it served a dual purpose, as a
squad and an ambulance.  

In justifying the new squad, Chief Richard Luers told the Council that Evansville's ambulance had made more than 150 trips in
1971.  Some of the increase was the result of the opening of the Evansville Continental Manor nursing home and non-emergency
runs made by the ambulance to transport local citizens to hospitals.  

Luers noted that there had been several times when more than one ambulance was needed.  With the new squad, two police cars
were on duty every day from 12 noon to 4 a.m.

The Rambler Ambassador station wagon was purchased from Helgesen's Inc. for $3,011 and was equipped with a cot, oxygen
regulator, and resuscitator. The substitute ambulance could carry two people, plus the emergency personnel.

The ambulance responded within 3 to 5 minutes of receiving the call, according to Chief Luers.  There were nine volunteer
ambulance drivers featured in a picture of the Evansville Review in March 1972.  The caption read, "They are on call whenever you
need them, day or night".  

Most of the nine men were police officers, including Sergeant John Whitmore, Chief Richard Luers, Bob Hallmark, Charles Babler,
Bob Albright, and Donald Strampe.  The other volunteers were a former police officer, Norman Schnable, Francis Erbs and Tim
Shea.

Donald Strampe was the newest patrolman on the force.  He was hired in November 1971 and was the first patrolman to complete
the Blackhawk Technical College program in police science.  

Chief Luers had always encouraged his officers to take classes that were offered for improving their job skills.  When Strampe
wanted to attend classes at the Blackhawk campus, Luers rearranged the shift schedules so that the new officer could complete his
classes and still keep his job on the department.  

Strampe completed his course work in May 1972 and stayed only a few months longer.  His resignation from the department was
announced at the September 1972 meeting.  Luers named Daryl Tronnes as Stampe's replacement.  Tronnes attended the Dane
County Police Academy.  

Another police officer, Alan Christensen was hired as a patrolman in February 1973.  He completed his police training at Blackhawk
Technical College, graduating with honors.

Christensen had served as a dispatcher and the department advertised for a replacement.  The following month, Steve Hallmark
was hired to replace Christensen as a dispatcher.

Bomb threats and vandalism made extra work for police officers.  In December 1972, Police were called to evacuate the Evansville
Middle School.  A young man called the school secretary at 10 a.m. on a Friday morning and said a bomb was set to go off at 10:
30.  Police responded immediately to get all of the students out of the building.  The threat was a ruse and a short while later,
Evansville police arrested the teenager who had made the call.  

Several times in 1973, police responded to calls from the school and the school bus company for acts of vandalism.  The first series
of destructive acts occurred in February when seven school busses were vandalized.  Ignition wires were broken or completely
removed.  

Within an hour after the report had been received, Sergeant John Whitmore and Rock County Deputies had the names of several of
the suspects.  They were taken into custody and charged with the vandalism. All were expelled from school for a brief period of
time.  The Rock County Sheriff 's office sent a letter the City Council to commend Sergeant John Whitmore for the excellent way that
he handled the bus vandalism problem.

In April, there was more vandalism to the schools.  This time, the middle school windows were broken, and a school van was stolen.  
The vehicle was found by Oregon police officers who notified the local police.

Summertime brought reports of young people gathering on the city streets, creating a traffic hazard and a litter problem.  Chief
Luers was asked to increase patrols in the area and enforce a loitering ordinance.

Later in the fall of 1973, officers arrested four young men for destroying school property.  The young men had driven their car on
the football field, in revenge for being dismissed from the school football team.  They had also vandalized the team's locker room
and broke equipment and windows.  

Vandalism was also reported at the City Park.  In November, broken windows, mirrors and damage to park store equipment resulted in the
apprehension of more juveniles by the Evansville police department.  The City Council praised the local police for their quick action in
apprehending the
youths.                                                                                                                                                                                        

The department replaced their 1971 squad car in 1973.  Conners Chevrolet and Oldsmobile gave the lowest bid of $2,075 for a
1973 Chevrolet Impala with an 8 cylinder engine.  

A new ambulance was also purchased in 1973  from Conners Chevrolet Oldsmobile.  The Chevrolet Suburban cost $12,800.  The
Automotive Conversion Corporation of Troy, Michigan had modified the Suburban into an ambulance and it had been used as a
demonstrator model.  A General Motors employee from Evansville was instrumental in getting this ambulance for the City.

The white and orange vehicle was equipped with six red flashing lights, and emergency equipment.  Some of the equipment
purchased for the ambulance was an oxygen system, bag mask resuscitator, automatic pulse checker, aspirator,
sphygmomanometer for checking blood pressure and first aid kits.  There were two spine boards, metal and inflatable splints,
cervical collars, several stretchers, blankets and fire extinguishers.  

There was also an electronic siren and a microphone for an outside speaker.  A new radio unit was placed in the ambulance at a
cost of $1,160.  The ambulance was said to be one of the best equipped in the state and contained all the latest in modern medical
equipment.  There were also two old ambulances kept in reserve.

The new ambulance could comfortably carry 4 people, but could accommodate 8 people, if necessary.  Union Township paid twenty
percent of the cost and other townships were expected to help with the purchase of the vehicle.   The City Council increased the
rates for the ambulance to $25 for one driver and $35 if two ambulance volunteers responded.  A charge of $50 was levied for all
accidents and calls outside of Evansville and Union Township.  In an effort to show the use of the ambulance service, the police
department began issuing the names of the people transported to the local media.

Five members of the police department formed the Evansville Police Officers Association on June 16, 1973.  John Whitmore was
chosen president; Charles Babler, Vice President; Darrell Tronnes, secretary treasurer.  The other two members were Robert
Hallmark and Alan Christensen.  They intended to act as a bargaining unit for wage and benefits.

In an attempt to save tax dollars, the City's Mayor, Wilson Brown had proposed wage cuts and cuts in personnel.  Many of the City's
workers felt threatened by the proposal.  Member of the Police Officers Association took action and hired Attorney Patrick Rude to
represent them in bargaining with the City.  The first contract with the Association was settled in February 1974.

A new police officer was hired in November 1974, Jerry Mulholland.  He completed his probationary period in May 1975.  He began
attending the police academy in March 1976.

The shortage of ambulance drivers was on ongoing problem for Chief Luers.  He reported a shortage of ambulance drivers again in
1974 as the number of calls for the ambulance increased.  

The greatest shortage was noted during the day time hours.  By May 30, 1974, 133 ambulance runs had been made.  Several local
organizations, including the fire department and the Jaycees were contacted to see if there were any members of the organizations
willing to volunteer for ambulance service.  

Luers also recommended a better communication system so that more of the volunteers could be contacted quickly. The City
Council approved a pager system at a  cost of $3,873.  With the new pagers, all available ambulance drivers could be reached,
even if they were away from a phone.

When they were asked to wear pagers and respond to calls on their off-duty hours, some of the policemen asked for standby pay.  
The cost of officers on standby would dramatically increase the police budget and Chief Luers did not feel that his budget could
handle the added costs.  

He advised the City Council to explore other options, including establishing a separate Emergency Medical Service, with its own
budget and chain of command.   Another option was to eliminate non-emergency transport of patients in the ambulance.  

Local citizens and the Evansville City Council discussed the plan for several months before action was taken to eliminate non-
emergency transport by the ambulance.  During the meetings that were held, Dr. Roger Gray praised the drivers and attendants for
the service, explaining that Evansville was fortunate to have so many qualified people to respond for the ambulance service when it
was needed.  

As if to illustrate the need for the ambulance, the morning after one of the citizen meetings, there were three simultaneous calls for
an ambulance.  Both ambulances and the old retired ambulance were put in service to transport the patients to area hospitals.

At their December 1975 meeting, the Council voted to continue with the non-emergency service only within the city limits.  The
ambulance service was directed that emergency situations had priority.  Eventually, the non-emergency service was dropped
altogether.

In 1975, the state began requiring that all ambulance personnel receive training and be licensed.  This requirement meant that all of
those who served on the volunteer service had to attend classes and receive certification that they were qualified to give emergency
care.  Luers arranged for training courses for ambulance drivers to be offered in Evansville to encourage all available volunteers to
attend.  

This training was especially important to Evansville ambulance personnel, because there was only one physician, Dr. Roger Gray,
working in Evansville at the time.  Dr. Gray routinely responded to accidents or other emergencies whenever he could, but often the
ambulance went out without a nurse or physician in attendance.      

The Evansville Police Officers Association requested representation from the Teamsters in their second contract with the City in
1975.  The City Attorney, Sundby represented the City, along with councilmen John Willougby, Richard Krake, John Jones, Jr. and
City Clerk, Rollie Zilliox.   

The officers received time-and-a-half overtime pay for hours in excess of 182 hours monthly.  A cost of living clause was established
in the contract and officers maintained their uniform allowance.  The department was also to be kept at six men, including the chief,
who was not covered by the agreement.  

All emergency personnel, including the Evansville Police Department, worked long hours when they were called out to assist citizens
during an ice storm in March 1976.  Many homes were without electricity and a plan for emergency shelters was put into place.  
Members of the police department and the water and light utility phoned or contacted people in the homes that were without heat
and power.  Most people who were without power had already made arrangements to stay with friends or relatives with power and
heat and the emergency shelters were not needed.

Shortly after the storm, Chief Luers, who was an instructor in Disaster Plan Course offered by Blackhawk Technical College,
recommended to the Council that they update their disaster plans.  Luers suggested that the local CB Club and the Fire Department
work with the police department to create plans for serious emergencies, such as the ice storm.  

Chief Luers and the Evansville Ministerial Association also established an "on call" Chaplain service for the department in 1976.  
There were many difficult situations where a clergyman could assist police officers as when they were called to tell family members of
an accident or death.  

The local pastors agreed there was a need for this service and established a 24-hour service with the police department to provide
counseling services in emergency situations.   Each pastor served as "on call" Chaplain for a one week at a time.  Luers also
arranged for the pastors to provide sensitivity and counseling training for police officers

As budget time approached in the fall of 1976, the Evansville Police Officer's Association once again began bargaining with the City
Council for a contract.  The City had offered a 15 cents per hour wage increased if the Association would drop the clause requiring
a six-man force.  The City also wanted to the police officers to limit the amount of vacation they could accumulate.  Accumulated sick
leave was also an issue of contention.

The contract was not settled until a Wisconsin Employment Relations Commission mediator was called in to work out a final
agreement.  The police officers received a 37 cent an hour increase and officers could accumulate five weeks vacation over a 12
year period.  The benefit package also included full payment of health and life insurance, and a shorter work week, reduced from
42.5 hours to 40.25 hours.  The City gained the right to determine the number of employees in the department.

The settlement brought questions from citizens about what they considered to be the high cost of police protection.  Chief Richard
Luers, in a rare statement to the press, said that the total annual cost for the department in 1975 was $105,403.98, including
salaries for police officers, operating costs, and new equipment.  Dispatchers and the ambulance services were not included in
these costs.

Luers also noted the low crime rate, and that the department's rapport with the youth of the community was excellent.  "I think the
police department gives the taxpayer a good return on his investment; sure we don't catch all the stray dogs or speeders, but all in
all, we do a pretty good job."  

The ambulance service included ten trained Emergency Medical Technicians, and six of those were policemen.  Each year, the
ambulance crew members took courses to renew their certification as Emergency Medical Technicians.  They were taught to clear
bnreathing airways, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, care of fractures and treatment of trauma shock victims.  

In March 1976, the EMTs serving on the Evansville Ambulance were Chief Luers, John Whitmore, Charles Babler, Bob Hallmark,
Alan Christensen, Jerry Mulholland, Francis Erbs, Richard Meyers, Kent Katzenmeyer, and David Stratton.  Few other police
department in Southern Wisconsin had such well-trained personnel, according to Luers.  

In addition to the ambulance, the police cars were also equipped with medical boxes that included stethoscopes, blood pressure
cuffs, and first aid equipment.  These items could be used at accidents scenes or other calls for medical assistance, as the police
officer was often the first to respond.  

While the ambulance charged a small fee for service, it did not cover the cost of operating the service.  Luers estimated a $71.92
cost for each run and the average income for the service was $36.97.  He noted that the fees were not intended to cover the cost of
the service, but were to prevent people from calling the ambulance for a free ride to the hospital, thus tying up the emergency
vehicle for non-emergency calls.

As administrator of the police, ambulance and dispatchers, Luers was attentive to meeting the communication and other equipment
needs of the department.  As new technology became available, Luers worked with other police units to improve communications.
When the Rock County Sheriff 's office asked communities in the county to participate in a new radio system, Luers brought the new
program to the City Council. A base unit, five mobile units and two portable units were purchased through the federal grant program.
Evansville's City Council agreed to pay $5,880 of the $19,600 cost for new radios.  Federal funds were received to pay for the
remaining cost of the new radios.

Burglaries, gangs, contract disputes, ambulance fees, and new technologies kept Evansville police in the local headlines during the
late 1970s and early 1980s.  Two local citizen groups, the Ten Four Modulators and the Evansville Police Auxiliary assisted the
police in purchasing equipment and provided additional staff for special events or crisis situations.

The Evansville Police Auxiliary organized in 1976.  Chief Luers wanted the uniformed volunteer personnel to assist officers during
the 4th of July, sports events, or emergencies.  Police Officer Charles Babler was the liaison between the auxiliary and the police
department and conducted monthly training.  Babler was also the city Civil Defense director and through the Civil Defense program
was able to obtain a surplus army 3/4 ton M37 weapons carrier jeep for the Auxiliary to use.

The police department did a background check on each member of the organization and the volunteers were trained in criminal
investigation, traffic control, riot and crowd control, tornado alerts.  The members of the organization wore uniforms, similar to police
uniforms.  

Many of the members of the Auxiliary were also members of the Ten Four Modulators, the local Citizen Band Radio Association.  
The Ten Four Modulators donated a Cobra CB unit for the Chevrolet squad car and a Cobra base station for the police and fire
dispatcher's office.   

This radio operated on the same radio band as citizens had in their cars and homes.  The sets were tuned to Channel 9, the
channel designated by the Federal Communications Commission as the official CB emergency channel.  In optimal conditions, the
radios had a range of 15 to 20 miles.  The ambulance service also benefited by the proceeds from the Ten Four Modulator's fund
raisers.  

Early in 1977, Police Chief Richard Luers asked the City Council to consider purchasing a new ambulance to replace the
Department station wagon.  The ambulance service funding was an issue of major concern in the police department budget.

The City Council annually reviewed the ambulance fees and in January 1977 discussed adding a mileage fee to the regular charge
for ambulance service.  There was $5,865 in delinquent charges, some of the delinquencies were five years old.  

Most of the aldermen did not want the ambulance service to have a deficit each year.  However, one alderman suggested that the
service could be set up as a tax supported service, with little or no charges.  Some of his constituents had suggested that since they
were taxpayers the service should be free to Evansville residents.  

The Council discussed the proposal and finally agreed to add a $1.25 per mile charge to the basic cost for all ambulance runs.  
They also agreed to investigate hiring a collection agency to try to resolve the payment of delinquent ambulance bills.

Replacement of equipment was another annual budget concern.  In 1977, the police department received permission to get bids for
a new station wagon patrol car to replace the 1974 Ford station wagon, which had been used as a substitute ambulance.  

Chief Luers also proposed a new radio system for communications with other Rock County police units.  Evansville's portion of the
system would include five mobile units, 2 portable units and one base unit.  The new system would allow Evansville police officers to
communicate with Rock County Sheriff 's deputies and police agencies and Dane County police agencies.  Luers explained to the
Council that the new network was sponsored by the Rock County Sheriff 's department and seventy percent of the cost of the units
was supported by federal funds.  

The communication system used a combination of higher frequencies, satellite receiving machines, and centrally located repeaters.  
While Evansville's City Council waffled on whether they would accept the new system, a representative from the Sheriff 's
department warned that if the City of Evansville did not join the network, the local police would be unable to communicate directly
with the Sheriff 's dispatchers.  

"Presently radio traffic among Evansville police, the Sheriff 's Department and other Rock County police agencies is almost
continuous, as they maintain checks on where their men are and what they are doing", Rock County Sheriff's Captain Joseph M. Ash
told the Evansville City Council.  Evansville's communication system was outdated, according to Captain Ash.  He also noted that the
system Evansville had in place was using a technology that was designed 50 years ago and was no longer efficient.  

Chief Richard Luers advised the City Council to join the network of radios.  "If we got equipment that wouldn't fit into the Sheriff 's
Department's network, we'd be just an island up here," Luers said.  Despite the requests from Luers and Ash, Evansville was the last
Rock County City to approve joining the radio system and the system was not ready for installation until 1979.

Luers also recommended updating the ambulance.  The ambulance service made over 200 runs a year and the department used
three vehicles as ambulances.  The 1973 orange and white Chevrolet panel truck was the newest vehicle and was specially fitted
out as an ambulance.  The ambulance crew also used a Chevrolet Malibu station wagon, that served as a second police squad car.  
The vehicle Luers wanted to replace was a 1965 Ford.    

Chief Luers recommended an ambulance that had been used by the Northland Equipment Company of Janeville as a demonstrator.  
The cost was expected to be $17,500.  However, since no money had been budgeted in 1977 for a new ambulance, the City Council
defeated the proposal.

Later in the year, Luers also informed the City Council that the Rock County Emergency Medical Service Commission, was
recommending that the townships form ambulance districts.  In this new system the county would be divided into sections with each
ambulance district responsible for a given territory.  

A state law required townships to form their own ambulance or contract with a public or private ambulance service.  Evansville's
ambulance service already provided service to some townships.  "We may as well have a contract so they can share the cost and
we can improve the level of service," Luers told the Council.

Local police received an unexpected emergency call to the home of one of their own officers in mid-February, 1977.  Police
dispatcher, Forrest Williams, answered the call from off-duty police officer Jerry L. Mulholland who was screaming that his wife had
been shot.  Police officer, Robert Hallmark, was the first to respond.  The Evansville ambulance crew also responded immediately.
Deputies from the Rock County Sheriff 's office were called immediately because the home was just across the Evansville border in
Union Township.  

When the police arrived, they found Mulholland's wife, Marlene lying in the doorway between the kitchen and living room.  
Mulholland was in the living room. Marlene Mulholland was taken to Mercy Hospital in Janesville and died.  Her husband was
arrested by Rock County Deputies and charged with her death.  Mulholland's police service revolver was the weapon used in the
shooting.  

Chief Luers put Mulholland on indefinite suspension because of the charge and Mulholland submitted his resignation to the police
department.  The City Council accepted the resignation at their February 21 meeting.  

In his story to the Rock County Sheriff 's department, Mulholland insisted that the gun fired when he was trying to take the .357
magnum revolver out of the house.  He told police that his wife grabbed his arm and the gun accidentally discharged, shooting her in
the forehead.  

Shortly before Mulholland was suppose to go to trial, a second autopsy confirmed the story that Mulholland had told police.  Two lie
detector tests also confirmed his story and the charges against him were dropped.

Mulholland tried to get rehired by the Evansville Police Department, but the City Attorney advised the City Council that the only way
he could be rehired was to go through the normal application procedures.  He also applied for back pay of $1,345 or reinstatement
and the Council unanimously denied the claim.

In the meantime, the police department had already hired a new police officer.  In April 1977, twenty-seven-year-old Kent
Katzenmeyer was named to replace Mulholland.  Katzenmeyer was already a Emergency Medical Technician and a member of the
local ambulance service.  He was also taking courses in police science at Blackhawk Tech.  He completed the course work in
November 1977 and was one of 13 officers to graduate from the Police Recruit Training program.  

In other personnel changes, police officer Alan Christiansen resigned in March 1978 to become Brodhead's police chief.  A new
officer was appointed in April.  Thomas Brennan, an Evansville High School graduate was hired at a salary of $870 per month.  
Brennan had experience in emergency care work at a Milwaukee hospital and had also served as a security guard.  

Thomas A. Norby also became an Evansville police officer in 1978.  He completed the Police Science training program at Blackhawk
Technical Institute in November of that year.  State laws required that this training be completed by all police officers before their
probationary period ended.  The following year, Norby completed coursework in using the breatholizer, and in handling juvenile
problems.

Evansville police met with a very atypical situation in the spring of 1978 when a motorcycle gang appeared in town for the funeral of
one of their members.  There had been several acts of vandalism that were attributed to gang members and Chief Luers decided to
take extra precaution and asked local tavern owners to close during the time the gang was expected to be in the city.  They
complied and there were very few problems.

When some citizens complained that the Chief had over reacted, one local newspaper praised the Luers' actions.  "Chief Luers
didn't overreact, he did his job.  That includes being precautious.  The cyclists are a rough bunch.  They're used to trouble, we're
not.  They know they're tougher and meaner than most."  He also praised the common sense of the bar owners in closing at Luers'
request.

The Police Chief 's year-end report to the City Council for 1978 showed many routine activities.  There had been 372 arrests, mostly
for traffic violations; 1,012 civil complaints, 31 juvenile complains and 126 ambulance calls.  At their December Council meeting the
aldermen also approved the hiring of Dorothea Leader as a police dispatcher.

By late 1978, there was still no resolution to an agreement for Emergency Medical Service between the City of Evansville and the
townships of Porter, Union, Center and Magnolia.  There was also a shortage of  qualified personnel having a shortage of and
anyone interested in taking the training.  Anyone interest in joining the Evansville EMT's was asked to contact Chief Luers. The City
had budgeted for three-man crews to man each ambulance call and this policy was implemented in January 1979.

In the winter of 1978-79, Evansville was hit by severe snow storms.  Snow drifts, cold and hazardous road created many unusual
emergency situations. Local volunteer organizations were called on to help police rescue citizens.

On the very first day of 1979, a woman who was about to have a baby was trapped in her home by a heavy snow storm.  The
Evansville police were called and snow plows were sent out to the home.  The plows had to force their way through the drifts by
hitting them five or six times in order to make a path for emergency units.

The Evansville Police Auxiliary also responded with their emergency vehicle, because the ambulance could not make it through the
snow.   Once the expectant mother's driveway was plowed she and her husband decided to drive their own vehicle to Mercy Hospital
in Janesville.  They arrived in time for the delivery.  

All through the first day of January in 1979, roads continued to be impassable for normal vehicles and the ambulance could not get
through the drifts.  Just a few hours later after they were called out to help the pregnant woman, the Police Auxiliary was called to
transport another woman to a Madison hospital.

The Evansville Snow Devils Club, a group of snowmobilers, also assisted police in the early months of 1979.  Members of the group
took emergency equipment and an officer to the scene of an accident when the police car could not get through the snow drifts.  

Again in 1979, new personnel were added to the police force.  Charles Flood became a new member of the police force in February
1979.  He had served in the U.S. Army Military Police and the Milwaukee Police Department.  While working in Evansville, Flood was
also attending Blackhawk Tech in the Police Science program.  A few months later, Flood completed course work in juvenile in-take
procedures.  He was assigned to the night shift.

Other officers who completed advanced courses at Blackhawk Tech were Thomas Norby and Kent Katzenmeyer.  Both graduated in
June 1979 with Associate Degrees in Police Science.  The City Council agreed to grant Norby and Katzenmeyer pay raises, based
on their advanced training.  This was an attempt "to keep qualified men on the force and keep them from seeking greener pastures,"
one Councilman noted.

Chief Luers offered several suggestions for improvements in police and emergency vehicles.  He told the City Council at their July
1979 that if they were going to stay in the ambulance business they would need to meet federal laws relating to ambulances.  
Evansville's ambulance did not meet all of the requirements and by the end of 1979 would be out of compliance with federal rules.  

Luers urged the Council to purchase a new ambulance.  At their July meeting, the Council authorized Luers to advertise for bids for
a new ambulance.  Luers also recommended a new ambulance because Evansville had only one ambulance in use in 1979.  The
primary reason was that the City Council had decided to drop the insurance coverage for the use of the backup ambulance.

The radio system that had first been proposed in 1977 was finally installed at the Evansville Police Department in the summer of
1979.   A 150 foot main antenna was located on County A with the equivalent of a 100 watt transmitter.  Four satellite receivers were
place throughout Rock County to receive signals and relay them to the main tower by microwave.  

With the new base unit, portable radios, and car radios, Evansville police were able to communicate with Edgerton, Milton, Clinton,
Orfordville, Janesville, Beloit and the Rock County Sheriff 's department.  Federal Law Enforcement Assistance Administration funds
were used to purchase the equipment.  The old equipment was sold for $1,500.

While issuing traffic tickets and chasing stray dogs were common activities for the local police officers, there were the unexpected
calls for serious situations.  On the anniversary of the funeral they had attended, thirty members of the motorcycle gang that had
caused problems in 1978 returned in the spring of 1979.  Police were called when they caused a disturbance at a local tavern.  

Local police called for assistance from the Rock County Sheriff 's department.  The local and county officers confiscated two
revolvers, ammunition and a loaded M-16 semi automatic gun from members of the gang.  The officers then escorted the gang
members out of town.  

In what he called, "just routine police work", Police Sergeant John Whitmore arrested a fugitive from Michigan in August 1979.  The
man was wanted for attacking a woman and a young girl.  The accused man had been living in Evansville for a month or more when
Evansville police received a call from Wyoming, Michigan police.  Whitmore found the man at a home on South Second Street,
arrested him, and took him to the Rock County jail.  

Officers were also called out to a robbery at a local liquor store in November 1979.  As soon as the man left the store, the owner
called the police department.   Whitmore and Officer Charles Babler responded within minutes after they received the call.  After
talking with the store owner and getting a description of the man, they found him walking on East Main Street.  The two officers
apprehended the suspect and found most of the stolen money, just fifteen minutes after the crime was committed.

At their December 1979 meeting, the Council authorized Chief Luers to purchase a new ambulance, a 1980 Ford from Northland
Equipment Company in Janesville for $19,780.  The vehicle arrived in April 1980 and the old Ford squad that had served as an
ambulance was given to the Evansville Fire Department.   

The Council had also budgeted for $4,500 to cover the cost of a new police squad car and radio system.  Three thousand dollars
was also budgeted for radio equipment for the new ambulance.

The Council also agreed to pay ambulance crew members $25 a call, an increase from the old rate of $10.  Charges to the patients
carried in the ambulance were also increased.  For the City of Evansville and residents of Union township the rate was $105.  Users
outside this area were charged $185 for ambulance service.

The Emergency Medical Technicians who had completed the required training in 1980 were Carla Neuenschwander, Tim Shea,
Lenice Covert, Leo Sendelbach, Terrle Kaminski, Barb Pierce, Angie Miller, Penny Redders, Bob Tanner, Lois Grenawalt, Kent
Katzenmeyer and Scott Sperry.

A series of break-ins at several stores, the schools, and the park buildings in the summer of 1980 caused some extra work for local
police officers.  Small amounts of money and cigarettes were taken, and Rock County Sheriff 's officers arrested a teenager from
Edgerton for the crimes.

There were several changes of personnel in the police department in late 1979 and early 1980.   Long-time dispatcher Russ Cook
ended his employment with the city in December 1979.  Part-time dispatcher, Betty Dunphy was hired to replace Cook.

In February 1980, Chief Luers placed an ad in the Evansville Review for a patrolman.  He asked for someone with "good moral
character and highest personal integrity".  The qualified applicant also needed to be certified by the Wisconsin Law Enforcement
Standards Board, pass a written, medical, oral test, and background examination.  

Two new officers were hired from the thirty-seven people who submitted applications, Harland Leusink and Jeff Tomlin.  The new
officers were hired on a part-time basis while they completed training and courses at Blackhawk Tech. They were to fill in for full time
officers on vacation or sick leave.

Tomlin replaced Charles Flood who resigned to work for the Rock County Sheriff 's office.  The new officer graduated from the
Police Recruit Law Enforcement Academy at Blackhawk Technical Institute in November 1980. After completing the required course
work, Leusink and Tomlin soon became full time officers.

Charles Babler left the Evansville Police Department in October 1980, after several months leave of absence.  Mayor Robert Olsen
stated that Officer Babler had given many years of fine service as an investigative officer.  Harlan Leusink, Jr. was hired to replace
Babler and the appointment was approved at the December 9, 1980 City Council meeting

The City also learned that it could no longer use the jail in the City Hall for holding prisoners.  In November 1980, the state
Department of Corrections told City Officials and the police department that the jail did not meet state standards.  Repair costs were
estimated to be between five and six thousand dollars.  

Luers told the Council that the cell was only used six or seven times a year and advised them not to renovate it.  "The closing is no
big deal for us," Luers told the Council.  "It is cheaper to close it.   It's a matter of economics.  If we arrest someone for a driving
infraction, we would have to hold them for four hours.  Instead of paying an officer for the four hours to watch the cell, it would be
cheaper to take them to Janesville which would take about an hour's time."  

Negotiating contracts for the police department contract once again involved the Teamsters in 1980.  The employees of the public
works, water and light and police dispatchers  were already represented by the Teamsters.  The police officers contract was settled
in January 1981.

Seldom did local officers have a chance to capture a jungle animal, but in July 1981, Officer Kent Katzenmeyer was asked to catch a
pet spider monkey that had escaped from its home on East Main Street.  The monkey climbed a tree and would not come down.  
Wisely, Katzenmeyer called for local veterinarians to coax the monkey out of its perch.  Blaine Ellison, Tom Williams and Rolland
Jeans were finally able to place a noose around the monkey's neck and bring him to safety.

State law required police officers to complete training in order to qualify as municipal police officers.  Some of Evansville's police
force went beyond the minimum requirements and completed work at colleges and technical schools.

Dispatcher, Dorothy Leeder worked full time in the police department and carried a part-time load of police science courses at
Blackhawk Tech.  She completed her associate degree in Police Science on December 20, 1981.  

While Mrs. Leeder was taking courses, officers Kent Katzenmeyer and Tom Norby were also attending classes at Blackhawk
Technical Institute.  Chief of police Richard Luers attended classes at Milton College, receiving a bachelor's degree, then attended
classes at Cardinal Stritch University, to complete his master's degree in management.  Luers studies placed special emphasis on
the use of computers for improving management.

Luers commitment to Evansville's police and emergency services went beyond his work as a police officer and he also served on
many community committees.  As early as 1980, the Rock County Board of Supervisors formed a planning committee to implement a
state mandated 911 emergency telephone number plan.  Luers was appointed by the Board to serve on the first planning
committee.  It was more than ten before any of the recommendations and long range planning ideas were put into place.

In Rock County there were more than 45 telephone numbers to reach 30 police, fire and ambulance services.  The 911 number
would allow city and rural residents to use just one number to call in any emergency situation.

Luers also served on the Eager Free Public Library board of trustees, the Stoughton Hospital Board of Directors and local
committees to improve the quality of life in Evansville.  Some of the major issues of concern for Evansville residents in the early
1980s were substance abuse among youth, safety for elderly citizens living alone, and health and nutrition needs of senior citizens.  

In a panel discussion organized by a local church, six community members, including Chief Luers identifed the needs and concerns
of the community. A doctor and health workers stated that alcohol abuse among the young was a growing problem.  School
representatives cited high divorce rates, single parent families and a lack of family cohesiveness and communication as causes for
concern.  

Alcohol and drug abuse in the middle and high schools had increased.  The panel also cited family stress aggravated by parent
alcoholism; and physical abuse as special concerns for the community.  Several panel members mentioned the lack of activities for
adolescents and that this was a component in the drug and alcohol problems.

Luers stated that the police department usually acted as a clearing house for all of these problems.  "We'd like to see the police
department used more as a resource.  Call us so that we can get the facilities we have to those who need them.  We do more for
people than to them," Luers said.  He recommended that anyone who knew of someone with special needs, to "Call us so that we
can get the facilities we have to those who need them."  Luers recommended that Police Chaplain program which was normally used
in crisis situations could also be used to help families and the elderly with problems.  

Luers also participated in educational programs for students.  Evansville's public schools offered drug abuse information in health
classes and Chief Luers and local attorneys went to the classes to talk to students about procedures of drug arrests, and the legal
aspect of drug abuse.  

Local police officers were involved in an unusual weather related rescue in January 1982.  Temperatures dropped to 22 below with
windchill readings at 75 below zero.  Snow drifts and blowing winds caused dangerous driving conditions.  Just west of Evansville,
four vehicles ten people in four cars and an oil truck were stranded near the intersection of County T and County C.  

Snow plows had been pulled off the road because of drifting snow and poor visibility.  The Evansville dispatcher received a call from
local 10-4 Modulator, CB radio operator Wayne Disch, who had heard the call for help from the stranded motorists.  

Officers Tom Norby and Jeff Tomlin went out in their squad car to rescue the people.  The truck driver had enough diesel fuel to run
the truck and the stranded motorists took turns huddling in the cab of the truck to keep warm.   

The drifting snow had made the road conditions so bad that Norby and Tomlin considered it a miracle they were able to reach the
stranded people.  Fearing that they would not be able to make a return trip, all ten people were brought back to Evansville in the
police squad.  

In the meantime, Chief Luers had arranged for the people to stay overnight in St. John's Lutheran Church.  Luers brought cots and
blankets provided by the Hotel Inman.  The pastor's wife, Phyllis Garbrecht and people living near the church provided chili and
sandwiches for their overnight guests.    

There were several personnel changes in the department in 1982. Tom Norby had taken a leave of absence from August 1982 until
January 1983.  In September, Harlan Leusink announced his resignation from the police department and became a police officer for
the City of Beloit.  Luers informed the council that he was down to four men and planned to use part-time help until Norby returned
from his leave.  

Jed Sperry was hired as a full time officer to replace Leusink.   Jed Sperry was the second generation of his family to enter the police
force.  His father, Stanley Sperry had also been an Evansville policeman.  

Art Phillips and Frank Warner, Jr. were hired as the new part-time officers.  Both Phillips and Warner were attending Blackhawk Tech
in the police science program.

The entire crew of police department personnel was pictured in the May 11, 1983 issue of the Evansville Review, in celebration of
Police Week.  "The Evansville Police force is a concerned caring group from the officer in the squad car to the dispatcher," Luers
told a reporter.

The police department had four full-time officers, two part-time and three dispatchers.  Kent Katzenmeyer, Tom Norby, and Jed
Sperry and Sergeant John Whitmore were the full time officers.  Frank Warner and Art Phillips had been hired for part time work.  

The dispatchers were Betty Dunphy, Dorothea Leeder and Jack Covert.  Dunphy and Leeder were the only civilian breathalyzer
operators in the state of Wisconsin.

In addition to performing their regular police work, four of the police officers were EMT's.  Katzenmeyer, Sperry, Whitmore and
Warner served on the ambulance crew.  After 20 years of operating the ambulance service, in 1981, the Police Department no
longer was responsible for its operation.   The Emergency Medical Service was established as a separate city government unit.  The
organization elected a set of officers.  Many of the police officers and dispatchers kept up their training and remained part of the
EMT program.  (Author's note:  a separate article will cover the history of the EMT's anyone with information or photographs of this
service unit should contact the author.)

Dispatchers Jack Covert and Betty Dunphy were also members of the EMT's.  The dispatchers were considered a very important
part of the police force.  "Just because the dispatchers are not on the streets, it doesn't mean that their role is any less important,"
Chief Luers said. "They are well trained and have had courses on how to handle many crisis situations.  When they receive calls
from desperate, lonely people, they give them a great deal of comfort because they have had the proper training."

After several months of study, Luers brought the police department into the computer age in 1984.  Luers recalled that when he first
went to work at the police department, the records consisted of a spindle with papers stuck on it.  The oldest cases on the bottom,
the newest on the top.  As paperwork got more complicated, Luers could see the need for computerizing the department's records.  
The new system gave quick and easy references for creating reports and maintaining the records needed in police work.

In 1985, Chief Richard Luers retired after more than 30 years on the Evansville Police Department.  "Vandalism and dog complaints
are our biggest efforts.  We try to nip crime in the bud," Luers told a reporter.  

In his years as Chief, Luers had worked for seven mayors and had been reappointed to the office every two years.  His
accomplishments included establishing the City's first ambulance service and the Chaplain's program.  He also organized a 24-hour
dispatching service for patrolmen, as well as other city emergency services.  When he became Chief in 1959, Luers was in charge of
a four-man department.  

With as little fanfare as when he took the job, Luers retired.  When asked what he planned to do he said, "Get two kids through
school."  A short while later, Luers took a job as a driver for a bus company in Janesville.  

Replacing Luers proved to be a difficult job and one that divided the community.    The mayor, John Jones, Jr., placed an ad in local
newspapers for a new chief.  Seven men and one woman responded and the public safety committee interviewed the applicants.  
Three of the applicants were members of the Evansville Police Force, including John Whitmore and Kent Katzenmeyer.  There were
also applicants from Janesville and Chicago.  

Sergeant Whitmore was named the acting Chief and many people in the community supported him for appointment as the next Chief
of Police, based on his 29 years of service as an Evansville policeman.  When it appeared that the mayor was not going to appoint
Whitmore, citizens signed petitions and presented them to the Council

At the next Council meeting more than 200 people showed up for a City Council meeting in support of Whitmore's appointment.  
Several special Council meetings were held and the question of who would be the next chief of police was the subject of many letters
to the editor and reports from the Mayor in the Evansville Review.  After several meetings, where citizens declared their support for
Whitmore, Mayor Jones still refused to make him chief.

In May 1985, the Mayor proposed that the City ordinances be changed to allow the election of a police chief.  The Charter
Ordinance revision was printed in the newspaper and the matter was brought before the City Council on May 30, 1985.  The Council
refused to take action on the change and the method of choosing a police chief by mayoral appointment with confirmation by the
City Council remained as it had for more than 40 years.

At the June 1985 regular Council meeting, Jones presented his appointment of Greg Gibbs as police chief.  Gibbs was a member of
the Janesville police force.

State law required police officers to complete training in order to qualify as municipal police officers.  Some of Evansville's police
force went beyond the minimum requirements and completed work at colleges and technical schools.

Dispatcher, Dorothea Leeder worked full time in the police department and carried a part-time load of police science courses at
Blackhawk Tech.  She completed her associate degree in Police Science on December 20, 1981.  

While Mrs. Leeder was taking courses, officers Kent Katzenmeyer and Tom Norby were also attending classes at Blackhawk
Technical Institute.  Chief of police Richard Luers attended classes at Milton College, receiving a bachelor's degree, then attended
classes at Cardinal Stritch University, to complete his master's degree in management.  Luers' studies placed special emphasis on
the use of computers for improving management.

Luers commitment to Evansville's police and emergency services went beyond his work as a police officer and he also served on
many community committees.  As early as 1980, the Rock County Board of Supervisors formed a planning committee to implement a
state mandated 911 emergency telephone number plan.  Luers was appointed by the Board to serve on the first planning
committee.  It was more than ten years before any of the recommendations and long range planning ideas were put into place.

In Rock County there were more than 45 telephone numbers to reach 30 police, fire and ambulance services.  The 911 number
would allow city and rural residents to use just one number to call in any emergency situation.

Luers also served on the Eager Free Public Library board of trustees, the Stoughton Hospital Board of Directors and local
committees to improve the quality of life in Evansville.  Some of the major issues of concern for Evansville residents in the early
1980s were substance abuse among youth, safety for elderly citizens living alone, and health and nutrition needs of senior citizens.  

In a panel discussion organized by a local church, Luers and five other community members, identified the needs and concerns of
the community. A doctor stated that alcohol abuse among the young was a growing problem.  School representatives cited high
divorce rates, single parent families and a lack of family cohesiveness and communication as causes for concern.  

Alcohol and drug abuse in the middle and high schools had increased.  The panel also cited family stress aggravated by parent
alcoholism and physical abuse as special concerns for the community.  Several panel members mentioned the lack of activities for
adolescents and that this was a component in the drug and alcohol problems.

Luers stated that the police department usually acted as a clearinghouse for all of these problems.  "We'd like to see the police
department used more as a resource.  Call us so that we can get the facilities we have to those who need them.  We do more for
people than to them," Luers said.  He asked those who knew of individuals or families with special needs, to "Call us so that we can
get the facilities we have to those who need them."  Luers recommended that Police Chaplain program that was normally used in
crisis situations could also be used to help families and the elderly with problems.  

Luers also participated in educational programs for students.  Evansville's public schools offered drug abuse information in health
classes and Chief Luers and local attorneys went to the classes to talk to students about procedures of drug arrests, and the legal
aspect of drug abuse.  

After 20 years of operating the ambulance service, in 1981, the Police Department no longer was responsible for its operation.   The
Emergency Medical Service (EMS), a separate government unit, was established by the Evansville City Council.  The organization
elected a set of officers.  Many of the police officers and dispatchers kept up their training and remained part of the EMT program.  
(Author's note: Another series will cover the history of the EMT's.  Anyone with information or photographs of this service unit should
contact the author.)

Local police officers were involved in an unusual weather related rescue in January 1982.  Temperatures dropped to 22 below with
wind chill readings at 75 below zero.  Snowdrifts and blowing winds caused dangerous driving conditions.  Just west of Evansville,
ten people, in four cars and an oil truck, were stranded near the intersection of County T and County C.  

Snow plows had been pulled off the road because of drifting snow and poor visibility.  The Evansville dispatcher received a call from
local 10-4 Modulator, CB radio operator Wayne Disch, who had heard the call for help from the stranded motorists.  Normally, the
local snowmobile club would have responded to assist police officers, but it was too cold and the drifting snow was too hazardous.  

Officers Tom Norby and Jeff Tomlin went out in their squad car to rescue the people.  The truck driver had enough diesel fuel to run
the truck and the stranded motorists took turns huddling in the cab of the truck to keep warm.   

The road conditions were so treacherous that Norby and Tomlin considered it a miracle they were able to reach the stranded
people.  Fearing that they would not be able to make a return trip, all ten people were brought back to Evansville in the police
squad.  

In the meantime, Chief Luers had arranged for those stranded by the storm to stay overnight in St. John's Lutheran Church.  Luers
brought cots and blankets provided by the Hotel Inman.  The pastor's wife, Phyllis Garbrecht, and people living near the church
provided chili and sandwiches for their overnight guests.    

There were several personnel changes in the department in 1982. Tom Norby had taken a leave of absence from August 1982 until
January 1983.  In September, Harlan Leusink announced his resignation from the police department and became a police officer for
the City of Beloit.  Luers informed the City Council that he was down to four men and planned to use part-time help until Norby
returned from his leave.  

Jed Sperry was hired as a full time officer to replace Leusink.   Jed Sperry was the second generation of his family to enter the police
force.  His father, Stanley Sperry had also been an Evansville policeman.  Jed had attended the University of Wisconsin-Platteville
and Blackhawk Tech majoring in police science.

Art Phillips and Frank Warner, Jr. were also hired as the new part-time officers in August 1982.  Both Phillips and Warner were
attending Blackhawk Tech in the police science program.  

The entire crew of police department personnel was pictured in the May 11, 1983 issue of the Evansville Review, in celebration of
Police Week.  "The Evansville Police force is a concerned caring group from the officer in the squad car to the dispatcher," Luers
told a reporter.

The police department had four full-time officers, two part-time and three dispatchers.  Kent Katzenmeyer, Tom Norby, and Jed
Sperry and Sergeant John Whitmore were the full time officers.  Frank Warner, Jr. and Art Phillips were the part time police officers.
In addition to performing their regular police work, four of the police officers were EMT's.  Katzenmeyer, Sperry, Whitmore and
Warner served on the ambulance crew.

The dispatchers were Betty Dunphy, Dorothea Leeder and Jack Covert.  Dunphy and Leeder were the only civilian Breathalyzer
operators in the state of Wisconsin.  Covert and Dunphy were also members of the EMT's.  Covert also served as the city's Civil
Defense Director.

Dispatchers Jack Covert and Betty Dunphy were also members of the EMT's.  The dispatchers were considered a very important
part of the police force.  "Just because the dispatchers are not on the streets, it doesn't mean that their role is any less important,"
Chief Luers said. "They are well trained and have had courses on how to handle many crisis situations.  When they receive calls
from desperate, lonely people, they give them a great deal of comfort because they have had the proper training."

Police department personnel also took on additional duties in emergency programs.  Officer Jed Sperry was named the Emergency
Medical Technician Coordinator in June 1984.  He held the post for only a month, resigning in July.   Dispatcher Dorothea Leeder
was approved by the City Council as the Deputy Civil Defense Director.

For several months, Luers had been operating with a five-man department.  At the April1984 Council meeting, the aldermen gave
Luers permission to advertise for a sixth full time officer, bringing the department up to the strength it had been operating at for a
number of years.  

The advertisement for the new officer listed the following qualifications were necessary:  "Applicants must be at least 18 years of
age, possess a high school diploma or equivalent, height and weight in proportion, vision minimum 20/100, weak eye uncorrected,
correctable to 20/20, valid Wisconsin drivers license, good moral character and highest personal integrity, be certified by the
Wisconsin Law Enforcement Standards Board or ability to gain certification during the probationary period."  

Applicants were also required to pass written, medical, and oral examinations.  Applicants were notified that they would also be
subject to background checks.  Successful applicants, if not hired, would be placed on a list of those to be hired in the future.  Art
Phillips, one of the part-time patrolmen, was approved by the City Council and became a full time officer in August 1984.

After several months of study, Luers brought the police department into the computer age in 1984.  Luers recalled that when he first
went to work at the police department, the records consisted of a spindle with papers stuck on it.  The oldest cases on the bottom,
the newest on the top.  As paperwork got more complicated, Luers could see the need for computerizing the department's records.  
The new computer system gave quick and easy references for creating reports and maintaining the records needed in police work.

On April 8, 1985, Chief Richard Luers retired after more than 30 years on the Evansville Police Department.  "Vandalism and dog
complaints are our biggest efforts.  We try to nip crime in the bud," Luers told a reporter.  

When he became Chief in 1959, Luers was in charge of a four-man department.  In his years as Chief, Luers had worked for seven
mayors and had been reappointed to the office every two years.  

His accomplishments included establishing the City's first ambulance service and the Chaplain's program.  Luers also organized a
24-hour dispatching service for patrolmen, as well as other city emergency services.  He had written a policy and procedures manual
for the department and established computerized record keeping.

With as little fanfare as when he took the job, Luers retired.  When asked what he planned to do he said, "Get two kids through
school."  A short while later, Luers took a job as a charter driver for the Van Galder Bus Company in Janesville.  

Replacing Luers proved to be a difficult job and one that divided the community.    The mayor, John Jones, Jr., placed an ad in local
newspapers for a new chief.  Seven men and one woman responded and the public safety committee interviewed the applicants.  
Three of the applicants were members of the Evansville Police Force, including John Whitmore and Kent Katzenmeyer.  There were
also applicants from Janesville and Chicago.  

Sergeant Whitmore was named the acting Chief and many people in the community supported him for appointment as the next Chief
of Police, based on his 29 years of service as an Evansville policeman and 19 years as the department's Sergeant.  

When it appeared that the mayor was not going to appoint Whitmore, citizens signed petitions and presented them to the Council.  A
large yellow poster declared, "Despite the overwhelming public opinion for John "Buzz" Whitmore for Evansville Chief of Police,
Mayor John Jones, Jr. has chosen not to appoint "Buzz" and has decided to appoint Mr. Gregory Gibbs.  Show your support for
"Buzz" Whitmore attend the special City Council meeting Wednesday, June 19, 1985."

More than 200 people showed up for a City Council meeting in support of Whitmore's appointment.  More special Council meetings
were held and the question of who would be the next chief of police was the subject of many letters to the editor and reports from the
Mayor in the Evansville Review.  After several meetings, where citizens declared their support for Whitmore, Mayor Jones still
refused to make him chief.

In May 1985, the Mayor proposed that the City ordinances be changed to allow the election of a police chief.  The Charter
Ordinance revision was printed in the newspaper several weeks before it was brought before the City Council on May 30, 1985.  The
Council refused to take action on the change and the method of choosing a police chief by mayoral appointment with confirmation
by the City Council remained as it had for more than 40 years.

At the June 1985 regular Council meeting, Jones presented his appointment of Greg Gibbs as police chief.  Gibbs was a member of
the Janesville police force.  He had the educational requirements and several police officers and citizens presented letters of
recommendation in his behalf.  

Jones' appoint of Gibbs was rejected by a four aldermen and it was several months before the mayor once again attempted to
appoint a chief.  Whitmore remained as the department's acting chief of police.

Crime reports submitted by the acting chief were very much the same as they had been over the past years.  Most involved traffic
and parking violations.  A new city ordinance against passing worthless checks also brought a substantial number of cases into
municipal court.

In April 1986, Mayor John Jones again presented Gibbs' name to the Council as his choice of Chief.  This time the aldermen
approved the appointment by a four to two vote.  Deputy City Clerk, Gwen Walsh read the oath of office to the newly appointed
Police Chief at the April 15th Council meeting.  However, before he took office or signed a contract with the City, Gregg Gibbs
resigned from the job, citing family concerns, including threats made against him, as the reason for declining the job.  

Whitmore announced that he was filing an age discrimination complaint against the city.  
An investigator from the Equal Rights Division of the Department of Industry Labor and Human Relations (DILHR) was assigned to
gather information about the case.

Kent Katzenmeyer, who had been one of the original applicants for the job in 1985, was the Mayor's next choice for the Chief's job.  
He was approved by the council and began his term of Chief in May 1986.  Dave Gallman was hired to replace Katzenmeyer's as a
patrolman on the police force.  

Katzenmeyer was a 1968 graduate of the Evansville High School and had earned an Associate Degree in police science at
Blackhawk Tech.  In addition he had attended Breathalyzer training classes, basic accident investigation, interrogation technique
classes and basic arson investigation school.

One of his first recommendations for the department was a new computer that would keep all department records.  Katzenmeyer and
his officers could write and copy reports and with the new computer, the department could preserve privacy of records.  The
computer could also be used to maintain an up-to-date budget, according to Katzenmeyer.  He was allowed to spend $4,100 for the
new computer.

The Rock County 911 dispatching service that had been in the planning stages in 1980 was closer to reality by 1986.  The 911
system organizers contacted each municipality in the County to ask them to participate.  At their September meeting in 1986, the
City Council approved a resolution to investigate the costs and operation of the new system.  

According to the information the City Council received, the new 911 system would save the City and Township of Union $60,000 in
local dispatcher costs.  Police Chief Kent Katzenmeyer suggested the Council investigate the response time for emergency
personnel if the city used central dispatchers.  He felt that local dispatchers could readily identify addresses of local citizens who
called in for emergencies.  "The local dispatchers know the citizens' voices better than the county," Katzenmeyer told the City
Finance Committee.

Those in favor of the new system noted that the salaries and fringe benefits paid to local dispatchers were increasing and the new
system could be less expensive.  It was several more years before Evansville joined the 911 system.

Under Katzenmeyer's administration cooperative efforts between the police department and the local schools continued.  For many
years, the schools and the police had stressed safety for students.  Just a few months before accepting the job as Chief,
Katzenmeyer and Officer Jed Sperry had presented a "Take a Bite Out of Crime" program at the schools emphasizing personal
safety.

Bicycle safety was a special concern for both police and school personnel.  In late August and early September 1986, just as fall
classes were beginning, Officer Arthur Phillips visited the Evansville Elementary School and discussed bicycle safety with the
students.   He explained proper hand signals and do's and don'ts of riding on city streets.  Phillips also talked about bicycle
maintenance and how to pick a bike that was the right size for each individual.  He also explained how to get a bicycle license from
the police department.

A month later, Officer Phillips was on duty when a call came in from the Stoughton police department that an armed attempted
murder suspect who was heading into Rock County.  Working with Sheriff 's deputy Eric Runaas, who had spotted the suspect on
Caledonia Road, east of Evansville, Phillips set up a road block.  The suspect was apprehended and Runaas and Phillips were
given credit for his capture.

In early 1987, Katzenmeyer moved his office from the second floor of the City Hall into the old jail cell on the first floor of the
building.  The City Council had approved the transformation of the old jail with a $2,000 appropriation to install a lavatory, paint the
walls and install carpeting.  

The old jail cell door was kept as a reminder of how the room had been used in the past.  Tom Wickersham was hired to do the
remodeling.  The Chief and patrolmen used the new office to write reports and do interrogations.

In early 1987, Chief Kent Katzenmeyer received federal grants for two new radar units for the police department.  The units cost
$3,000 and the police department received 70 percent of the funding from the grants.  According to municipal court records, the
new equipment helped police officers issue more speeding tickets and produced more fine income.

Funding for police services was an issue faced each year by the Evansville City Council.  In an attempt to save money, the City
Council decided to lease police cars, rather than purchase them.  In 1987, the Council was faced with replacing two squad cars.  
Purchase prices of vehicles had risen and the aldermen thought leasing would be more cost effective than purchasing.

At their January 13, 1987 meeting, the Council voted to take a two-year lease on two 1987 Ford squad cars from Helgesen Ford,
Inc.  The vehicles cost $14,611.68 per year.  The Council also agreed to keep an older squad car for the Chief of Police to use for
transportation to and from work, or to attend meetings and other work related trips.

Labor negotiations were also a major concern in 1987.  In January, the City Council hired a professional labor negotiator, Bruce
Patterson, to bargain with the Evansville Police Officers Association and other City bargaining units.

The following April, the Evansville Police Officers Association, that had in the past negotiated for wages and other benefits with the
City, voted unanimously to join the Teamsters Local 579.  “The City hired a professional negotiator.  We felt it was time that we got
some professional representation,” Officer Whitmore told an Evansville Review reporter.  

The four full time officers represented by the Teamsters included Whitmore, Jed Sperry, Art Phillips and Frank Warner.  It was more
than a year before the contract was settled.  Part-time patrolmen, Sean Dunphy, Dave Gallman, Scott McElroy, and Mike Hermanson
were also covered by the contract.  Dunphy and Hermanson also served as part-time dispatchers.

One difficulty in settling the contract concerned the officer’s uniforms.  The City agreed they should pay for uniforms for the full-time
officers, but did not pay for the uniforms of part-time officers.  Contract settlement was delayed as the negotiations centered on this
issue for several meetings between the Teamsters Union negotiator and Bruce Patterson, the Council’s negotiator.

The Central Dispatch Service, that had been in the planning stages since 1980, had still not been implemented, but the Rock
County Sheriff’s department was working to start the system.  They needed the approval from the local governing bodies
responsible for emergency services.

At a special meeting held March 16, 1987, Sheriff’s Department Captain Joe Ashe asked the Council to consider the contract for the
Central Dispatch System, including policies and procedures for the new system.

The new communication system would dispatch calls to the Fire, Police and Emergency Medical Services (EMS).  The City’s costs
would be a portion of the central dispatching costs and purchase of pagers for all Evansville emergency personnel.  The Sheriff’s
department provided dispatchers and radio equipment at the central location.

The Council listened to Ashe’s presentation and asked many questions, but took no action on the contract.  Concerns about losing
local control of dispatching services remained one of the barriers to implementing the system at the Sheriff’s office.

In June 1987, pranksters, pigs and ducks played a part in an unusual police investigation.  Evansville police officers Jed Sperry and
Art Phillips were patrolling near the high school about 2 a.m. one Wednesday morning.  

Sperry and Phillips found two women and four teenage boys attempting to climb the school roof and place a pig and five ducks in
the school courtyard.  The two officers caught the six and arrested them for criminal trespass, underage drinking and mistreatment
of animals.

Further investigation revealed that the pig had been taken from an area farm and the five ducks belonged on a farm west of the city
limits.  Two of the five ducks died, but the pig was returned unharmed.

A personnel controversy erupted in August 1987.  Mayor John Jones attempted to hire Sean Dunphy as a full-time dispatcher
without consulting with the Public Safety Committee.  Members of the committee objected and voted against the mayor’s proposal.  

Then Jones attempted to do away with the Public Safety Committee and proposed that the City Council pass a special ordinance
that would create a Police and Fire Commission.  The new commission would have five members, four citizens and one alderman,
appointed by the Mayor.  

According to the proposed ordinance, the commission would employ the Chief of Police, police officers, dispatchers and other
subordinates, the Fire Chief and firemen.  The Council refused to adopt the ordinance and voted to keep the established Public
Safety Committee.  Under the existing ordinance, the Mayor appointed the police and fire chiefs, with approval by the Council.

In November 1987, Patrolman Arthur Phillips received the American Legion's district award, the Edward J. Ormsby Law and Order
award.  The award honored Phillips for his actions during two events, for rescuing residents of a building during the Ben Franklin
Store fire in 1987 and for the capture of a murder suspect in 1986.

During the 1984 Ben Franklin Store fire, police officers Jed Sperry and Art Phillips entered the two-story building on East Main Street
and knocked on doors to warn the residents to exit their second story apartments.  Everyone was safely evacuated during the fire.  

Phillips was also commended for his work with Sheriff’s Deputy Eric Runaas when the two men captured a murder suspect on
Caledonia Road, east of Evansville.  Phillips vividly recalled the events, as it was one of the few times in his career that he had to
draw his gun.

Phillips received word that the murder suspect was spotted on country roads near Evansville.  Rock County Sheriff’s Deputies radio
Phillips that he should respond to an area on Caledonia Road and set up a roadblock to stop the suspect’s truck.

The road block set up by Runaas and Phillips forced the man to stop his truck.  The officers drew their guns, and shouted for the
man to get out of his vehicle with his hands in front of him.   The man lowered his hand and the officers believed that he was
reaching for his gun.  

Again the officers shouted for the man to exit his truck or they would use their guns.  Fortunately, the man complied and got out of
his truck with his hands in front of him.  Runaas and Phillips held the man at gunpoint until other deputies arrived to assist in the
arrest of the man accused of attempted murder.

When the officers searched the truck, they found a loaded gun on the seat.  This confirmed to the officers that the suspect had
indeed been reaching for the gun when he lowered his hand.

The American Legion’s district award for law and order was given to Phillips at a meeting of the District American Legion
Commanders.  Fore Fire Chief and local V. F. W. Commander Charles Nording, presented the certificate to Phillips.  

Local court records showed that Evansville police officers increased their work load between 1982 and 1987.  The number of
citations issued during that period doubled.  Officers issued 302 citations in 1982 and 783 citations in 1987.  The municipal judge’s
records revealed that there were 629 traffic tickets.  There were 84 cases involving juveniles who had violated City ordinances.  
Adults violating City ordinances accounted for 66 of the citations.  There were four case of parking violations in 1987.

Robert C. Raymond, the Municipal Judge reported that he had seen many changes in the cases brought before his court in the six
and one-half years that he served as Municipal Judge.  More juveniles were issued citations for curfew violations, underage drinking
and disorderly conduct.

When officers brought young offenders into court, Raymond established a routine for dealing with underage drinking offences.  In a
first offense conviction, Raymond suspended the youth’s driving privileges for 90 days and issued a fine of $67.50.  For the second
offense, Raymond raised the fine to $139 and gave a six-month’s suspension of driving privileges.  Raymond also required that the
young offender take part in the Evansville Student Assistance program.  The program encouraged young people involved in
underage drinking to change their behavior.

In 1988, several unusual events occurred.  At the beginning of the year, the City settled a lawsuit that had been pending since
1986.  John Whitmore had filed an age discrimination suit against the City, claiming that was the reason he was denied the Chief of
Police’s job.  

The case was settled out-of-court.  The City agreed to pay Whitmore for back wages he would have received, if he had been
appointed Chief.  Whitmore agreed to retire from the Evansville Police Department.

On Feburary 1, 1988, Scott McElroy was hired as a full-time officer to replace Whitmore.  McElroy was a part-time officer on the
department.  He had worked for Evansville’s department since August 1984.  McElroy had also served as a full-time officer on the
Waunakee Police Department.  

McElroy earned an Associate Degree in Criminal Justice and was an EMT.  He also was taking classes at Mount Scenario College to
complete his bachelor’s degree.

Headlines about robberies and out-of-control tavern patrons made headlines in the local newspapers in the early part of 1988.  
Police arrested four people in February for robbing local stores.  

Two teenagers were arrested for robbing a convenience store on South Madison Street.  Then two men were arrested for
attempting to shoplift at the local drug store.  The employees of the drug store were on special alert due to the theft of behind-the-
counter drugs at a Janesville pharmacy.  When the men acted suspiciously, the employees contact the police.

Officer Frank Warner answered the call to the drug store.  One of the two suspected shoplifters placed a BB pistol on a shelf and
the two men left the store.  Warner arrested the men as they sat in their car on the north side of West Main street.  

The men were taken to the Rock County Jail.  Further investigation revealed that the suspects had taken merchandise from a local
jewelry store.  Evansville police also learned that the men were wanted for robberies at the Janesville pharmacy and another
robbery in Edgerton.  All of the stolen goods were recovered.

Local police also handled other calls for help.  An arrest in March 1988 clearly demonstrated the difficulty work officers sometimes
faced.  

The City Council was in session at City Hall when Officers Frank Warner and Scott McElroy arrested a man at a local tavern and
brought him into the dispatcher’s office next to the Council Chambers.  

The man would not calm down and officers decided to take him out of the building to the squad car and transport him to Rock
County Jail.  As Warner and McElroy attempted to get the man out of the dispatcher’s office and through the council Chambers, the
man began to kick chairs and hit the Officers.  

City Clerk, Bob Poffenberg was able to get a “bear hug” on the man and Council President Harlin Miller helped the officers take the
belligerent man to the squad car.  When the officers arrived at the jail, it took seven men to get the prisoner from the squad car into
the holding cell at the jail.

A new mayor came into office in April 1988.  Chris Eager was elected Mayor and at the first meeting of the City Council, he gave the
councilmen his list of appointments.  Eager did not reappoint Kent Katzenmeyer to the office of Police Chief.

Mayor Eager asked the Council to advertise for a new Police Chief and although several members of the audience at the meeting
protested, the Council members agreed to the proposal by a 5 to 1 vote.  Katenzenmeyer continued as the acting Chief for several
months and applied for the job when it was advertised.

The City hired the Law Enforcement Management Service to advertise for candidates.  Several months passed before a new Chief
was hired.  Arthur Phillips was designated as Office in Charge of the department’s operation during the hiring process.

Mike Hermanson resigned as full-time officer and part-time dispatcher in May 1988.  The Council advertised for a new patrolman
and Dave Gallman replaced Hermanson.  

A list of full-time and part-time officers was presented to the City Council in July 1988.  Full time officers included Frank Warner, Jr.,
Arthur Phillips, David Gallman, and Scott McElroy.  Part-time officers were Dean Atkinson, Harlan Leusink, John Torphy and Richard
Buroker.

In August 1988, Charles Worm and Michael Kersten were appointed as part-time officers at the Evansville City Council meeting.  
Britt Gempler was hired as a part-time dispatcher at the same meeting.

Several of the Evansville officers were volunteers in the community.  In July 1988, officers helped with the American Caner Society
fundraiser, “Jail and Bail”.  The event was held at the Grange Mall.  

Officer Art Phillips served on the committee to organize the “Jail and Bail” and police officers armed with fake arrest warrants
“arrested” local celebrities and brought them to a mock trial and jail.  More than $9,000 was raised during the three-day event.

In September 1988, Chris Eager announced his choice for Police Chief and presented the name to the City Council.  He explained
the hiring process.  The Law Enforcement Management Service had advertised for candidates for Police Chief, interviewed and
selected the top three candidates for the Mayor and the Council to interview.  

The panel for judging the top three candidates included law enforcement personnel.  The Management Service checked the
backgrounds of the candidates.  From the three candidates, Eager selected Charles M. DiPiazza as the new Chief of Police, subject
to Council approval.

The appointment was held up for several months due to a lawsuit filed by Kent Katzenmeyer.  The former Chief of Police believed
that the City had breached his contract.  The City again settled the lawsuit out of court.  In early October 1988, they paid
Katzenmeyer $8,000 and reappointed him as a full-time officer with the department.  

Eager presented his appointment of DiPiazza to the City Council at their October 11, 1988 meeting.  DiPiazza was unanimously
approved by the Council.

Chief DiPiazza arrived for his first day of work at the Evansville Police Department in early November 1988.  He was sworn into office
by City Clerk Bob Poffenberger.  

DiPiazza had formerly served as the Village of Cottage Grove Chief of Police and a patrolman with the Village of Monona.  He was a
1976 graduate of the Beloit Police Academy and had taken a three-year course in Police Management at the University of
Wisconsin.  DiPiazza had also taken classes in police operations and administration and completed courses offered by the F.B.I. and
M.A.T.C.

In his first interview with the Evansville Review, DiPiazza told the reporter that he planned to start a Neighborhood or Community
Watch program and an Explorer Scouting Group.  “I am looking forward to working with each officer and each City Council member
to find out the needs of the individuals and the City Council,” DiPiazza stated.

By December, the new Chief of Police had started an Explorer Chapter of the Boys Scouts in the field of Law Enforcement.  Twenty-
two high school students indicated they were interested in the program.  Other police officers and several community volunteers
offered to help with the new group.

The first meeting of the Explorers was held on January 2, 1989.  Sandra Myrland was named President; Dan Smith, Vice President;
and Blair Wheeler, Secretary-Treasurer.  The organization had 11 members attend its first meetings.

Scott McElroy was designated as the advisor of the group.  Officers Dave Gallman, Charles Work and Chief DiPiazza also helped
with the special programs that taught the members the routines for making traffic stops, fingerprinting, CPR training, and other
police activities.

DiPiazza also started a column in the Evansville Review called “Police Activity Report” which included the daily log of calls that the
police handled.  Typical entries included “assist fire department, animal neglect, open door, assist ambulance, family disturbance,
and check welfare.”

The first five days of 1989, police officer helped the fire department with traffic control and watching the fire at the duck farm, west of
the Evansville City limits on Porter Road.  The fire rekindled several times and police officers and firemen returned to the scene
several times to keep the fire under control.

Several changes were made in the department in 1989.  The City Council approved the appointment of Jeff Veloff as a part-time
police officer in January.  Gary Buss was appointed as a part-time office at the April 11, 1989 meeting of the City Council.

Frank Warner, Jr. resigned as a police officer in July 1989 and was hired by the Dane County Sheriff’s Department.  The City
Council passed a resolution commending Warner for his service to the City of Evansville.

Two new squad cars were purchased at a cost of $28,800.  The Caprice Classics were purchased in the spring of 1989 from
Symdon Chevrolet Olds.  New radio equipment was also purchased, including a ranger base station with 16 channels and pagers.  

New computer software and a fax machine were also purchased for the police department in 1989.  

Between July 8 and July 20, 1989, burglars once again made their appearance in Evansville.  By early August, a suspect was in
custody.  Police records indicated that 14 businesses and five private homes were entered.  Money was taken in some of the
burglaries.  

The burglar had entered the home of a resident on Water Street and the homeowner called police as soon as she saw the intruder.  
Within one minute of receiving the call, Chief DiPiazza and officer Dave Gallman were at the house.  The woman was able to give
police an accurate description of the man.  When the police officers searched the area, they found the suspect and arrested him for
the home invasions.  The burglaries ceased.

Shortly after school began in the fall of 1989, Chief DiPiazza started a safety program called “McGruff Houses” to give children
places to escape from a dangerous or frightening situation on their way to and from school.

Each volunteer who participated in the program agreed to allow police to do a background check.  After they were approved to be in
the program, the police gave the volunteers a sign to put in a door or window that faced the sidewalk, designated the house as a
safe place.  

The signs had the “McGruff Police Dog” picture and children were taught to recognize the sign that meant a safe place from bullies,
strangers, or stray animals that were frightening.

In January 1990, Art Phillips was promoted to Sergeant of the Police Department.  He was also designated as the Municipal Court
officer by Chief DiPiazza.  

“I’ve learned in my 13 months in Evansville, that Phillips can be trusted to carry out policy, procedure, and departmental rules and
regulations.  I further believe that he will treat all employees fairly and without holding a grudge,” DiPiazza told reporters.

A new contract with the Teamster’s Union and the City was signed in 1990.  One of the provisions in the contract was an education
incentive.  Officers were encouraged to pursue Bachelor’s Degrees in Police Science.  The contract offered a 7 percent increase in
pay with the successful completion of the degree.

Scott McElroy completed his Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice in May 1990.  he attended the off-campus degree program at
Mount Scenario College in Ladysmith, Wisconsin.  McElroy wanted to continue his education and get a Master’s Degree.

Personnel changes in 1990 included the hiring of a new part-time officer and the dismissal of former Chief of Police Kent
Katzenmeyer.  In April, City Council members approved hiring William Hrtley as a part-time police officer.  Hurtley was also the EMS
coordinator and a dispatcher.  He agreed to attend school for the training needed for the police officer’s job.

A month after taking the job, Hurtley was able to assist in the capture of a bank robber.  A bank in Janesville was robbed and Hurtley
heard the call for police as he was returning from an ambulance call.  Hurtley was in an unmarked squad car.  

Hurtley waited near the intersection of Highways 14 and 184 and withina few minutes spotted the suspect’s car.  Hurtley followed the
car as it headed towards Evansville and radioed ahead for assistance from Evansville police officers.

Chief DiPiazza responded and the two officers were able to stop the suspect and search his car.  They found a large sum of money
in a bag, a large knife and an electronic device the suspect had told the bank clerk was a bomb.  DiPiazza commended Hurtley for
his “observation and gut feeling that led to a fast arrest.”

In May1990, former chief Kent Katzenmeyer left the police force.  He had been with the department since April 1977 and served as
Chief from 1986 to 1998.  

Chief Advises Citizens to Lock  Their Cars

Officers Dave Gallman and Scott McElroy solved a series of robberies that had puzzled police officers for more than five months.  
Police first started receiving reports of items stolden from cars and trucks in January 1990.  Radar detectors, stereos, checkbooks,
credit cards, and portable telephones were among the items stolen from unlocked vehicles.  

In May 1990, Gallman and McElroy arrested three juveniles who were responsible for the thefts.  One of the suspects showed
Officer McElroy exactly how he had entered the unlocked vehicles.  The teenager told the officer that he frequently found the keys
still in the ignition.

Teddy bears began riding with police officers in the Evansville squad cars in the summer of 1990.  The Telephone Pioneers, a
service group of current and retired employees of the telephone industry, sponsored “Operation Teddy Bear” and donated several
cuddly teddy bears to the Evansville Police Department.  The officers gave bears to children who were involved in traumatic
incidents including traffic accidents or on occasions when they found children who were abused and neglected.

There were few serious crimes during 1990.  However, Evansville police officers could not afford to become complacent and were on
the alert anything they responded to a call.

In July 1990, Office Tim Fischer responded to an “unwanted person” call at an apartment building.  When he arrived, he found two
men fighting.  When Fischer tried to separate the men, one of them punched Fischer in the face several times.  Fischer radioed for
assistance and Sergeant Art Phillips came to his aid.

Fischer was able to subdue the man who had struck him and the assailant was incustody when Phillips arrived.  Sergeant Phillips
took the man to jail on charges of battery to a police officer and domestic batter.  Chief DiPiazza took Fischer to a hospital
emergency room for treatment.

After ten years of planning, the 911 dispatch service was still not installed.  Planning for 911 service was on the agendas of the
Evansville City Council, township boards, police and other emergency service meetings in 1990.  Public hearings were held in
locations throughout Rock County so that the Sheriff’s department could get public input on the funding required for the new system.

There was little agreement among officials as to how the 911 system was to be funded.  One of the options for funding was to add a
one-half percent sales tax in Rock County.  The existing state sales tax was five percent.  

County officials estimate that the one-half percent sales tax could raise five to six million dollars in revenue each year.  A portion of
the revenue would be used to fund the 911 system.  The remainder would give tax relief to Rock County property owners.  The most
popular funding option was for the Rock County Board, township and city governing bodies to each pay a portion of the cost of the
equipment, dispatchers, and other operational costs.  

The Evansville City Council, Public Safety Committee and all emergency department heads met in August 1990 to discuss the 911
system.  Those present at the meeting wanted to establish a local 911 system and hire local dispatchers.  The City Council voted
unanimously to not join the Rock County central dispatch system.

Early in the fall of 1990, seven teenagers were arrested for “car shopping,” a term Chief Charles DiPiazza used to describe the theft
of cash and other valuables from unlocked cars.  Several middle school students were involved in the thefts.  

Once again Patrolman Dave Gallman was credited with nabbing the young “car shoppers.”  It took many hours of investigation to
solve the crimes.  

DiPiazza warned citizens to lock their cars and keep money and other valuables in safe places.  He praised the investigative work of
Patrolman Gallman and the police department staff.  “This is a progressive and professional law enforcement agency that will indeed
get to the bottom of any and all investigations,” DiPiazza told an Evansville Review reporter.

“The police department is one of which I am very proud, as well all work together as a team, and we work hard to solve cases and
apprehend the suspects.  My goal is to make certain that everyone in the city realizes that if a crime is committed in Evansville, you
will be caught.  Therefore, take your crime elsewhere,” DiPiazza said.

The Evansville Police Department reported only two personnel changes in 1990.  Roger Brigson was hired as a part-time police
officer at the August 14, 1990 meeting of the City Council.  Steven L. Owen was hired as a full-time police officer in December 1990.

New squad cars, black 1990 Ford Crown Victorias, were purchased in January 1991.  Officers Dave Gallman, Bill Hurtley and Tim
Fischer painted the pin striping and the Evansville Police Department logo on the new squad cars.

The new Evansville Police Department logo was designed by Arthur Phillips.  It was also used as an arm patch on the uniforms of the
police officers.

Antique Store Robbery

Burglaries once again were in the Evansville news in March 1991.  With the help of several observant citizens, police were able to
pursue and arrest three young men who attempted a daytime robbery of a local antique store.  The store owner discovered the theft
as she was attempting to show the young men some merchandise.

When they realized they were about to be caught, the three burglars quickly left the store and the owner followed the men to their
car.  Before they pulled away from the curb, the store owner could see the stolen merchandise in the car.  She called to a passerby
to call the police and given them the license plate number of the vehicle.  

The police arrived at the store minutes after the call was made and took down the description of the suspects.  The police pursued
and arrested the three men.  The robbers were charged with taking over $1,400 in rings and other items from the antique store.  
Quick action by the citizens and the police helped solve the crime.

By the spring of 1991, Chief Dipiazza had a department of 12 officers and 8 dispatchers.  Roger Brigson’s position was changed
from part-time to full time status in March 1991.  It was often difficult to retain and recruit part-time personnel.

John Daniel Conger was given a part-time position as an officer in March 1991.  He also served as a full time police officer in Milton.

In May, the City Council minutes recorded the hiring of Michael Goetz as a part-time police officer.  Brian J. Van Ethen was hired as
a part-time dispatcher in August 1991 and Eric Goth was appointed a part-time policeman in September 1991.  

Sergeant Arthur Phillips served on the Rock County 911 Committee and he appeared before the Evansville City Council in July 1991
to present information about the cost and operation of the 911 Dispatching service offered by Rock County.  

Phillips told the City Council that the system could be in operation by late 1992 or early 1993.  The dispatch center was to be built
near the Rock County Sheriff’s Department.  

Phillips told the Councilmen that the system would cost Evansville approximately $33,000.  The aldermen learned that Milton,
Clinton, Edgerton, and the Town of Beloit had decided not to sign agreements for the 911 system until they had more information
about the costs.  

Changing to the 911 system also involved a new street numbering system that would be an additional cost to the City of Evansville.  
One alderman offered the opinion that Evansville should wait until the County had the “bugs” worked out of the system before they
agreed to sign a contract for 911 service.  Then the aldermen voted unanimously to maintain their own dispatching system.  

Children’s Lives Saved

Police officers Scott A. McElroy and Sergeant Arthur Phillips were credited with saving the lies of two children in January 1992.  
McElroy was off duty and on his way to Madison for a hockey game when he stopped at a local convenience store.  While waiting for
the cashier to finish helping another customer, McElroy overheard a young boy asking the clerk for help.  

“My brother and sister are sick,” the young man told the clerk.  McElroy offered to help and the boy went with the police officer to the
truck parked outside the store where they found the father of the children holding the hands of two youngsters who were
unconscious.  The father told McElroy that his muffler had fallen of the truck as they traveled south from Madison.

McElroy suspected the children were suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning and realized that the children had to be treated
immediately.  McElroy took one of the children and ordered the father to carry the other.  Both ran across the street to the City Hall
where the men laid the children on the floor of the entrance of the building.

McElroy yelled for someone to bring oxygen tanks and Sergeant Phillips, who was upstairs in the police department offices, ran
down the stairs with the oxygen.  The two police officers administered oxygen to the children until they were revived.  

The police dispatcher called for the Evansville Emergency Medical Service personnel to respond with an ambulance.  The children
were conveyed to the hospital.

For their quick action in saving the lives of the two children, Phillips and McElroy received letters of commendation from Chief
DiPiazza.  In November 1993, the story was retold and the two Evansville officers were featured on Madison television station, “Good
Cops Tell Their Stories.”  The two men were also featured on the cover of the Wisconsin State Journal TV weekly magazine
supplement.

Public Relations Campaign

Chief DiPiazza tried several programs to create better public relations.  He published a column in the Evansville Review about
consumer fraud and publicized activities of the police officers in their attempts to protect citizens.  His efforts were intended to keep a
good relationship between the police officers and the law-abiding citizens.

In July 1992, Evansville Police worked with the local Kiwanis Club to distributed Brewers baseball cards to Evansville children.  The
cards were given to children during the July 4th celebration and also kept in the squad cars so that officers could give them to any
youngster who requested them.

Ku Klux Klan Rally

All full-time police officers on the Evansville force joined officers from throughout the state to give mutual aid to the Rock County
Sheriff’s deputies and Janesville Police officers during a Ku Klux Klan rally at a Janesville Park in the summer of 1992.  The officers
received special training in crowd and riot control.  

Racial hatred and potential violence placed the police officers, the Klansmen, and protesters of the rally in a very dangerous
situation.  According to the local officers who participated, it was one of the most frightening experiences of their career.  

A huge crowd gathered to protest the Klan rally and police officers formed a scrimmage line to keep the Klan and the rally protesters
separated.  Police reported that people on both sides of the line were aggressive.  Some were considered potentially armed and
dangerous to the police officers and others at the rally.

One police line was overrun and the officers realized they were outnumbered.  The officers were armed with helmets, batons and
gas masks.  Protesters hit the officers with rocks, bricks, bottle rocks and other objects.  

When the Klansmen threatened to light a cross, they were persuaded to stop by the police officers who feared that the agitated
protesters could not be controlled.  The Klansmen obeyed the requested and the crowd disbanded.

Despite the dangerous situation created by the Klan rallies, local officers continued to participate in crowd control to assist the
neighboring community police officers.  There was a second Klan rally in Janesville and one in Beloit.

911 – The Perennial Question

The question of the 911 central dispatch system came up for review at the Evansville City Council in the fall of 1992.  The time for
implementing the Rock County Sheriffs system was very close and Evansville emergency responders protested that they would lose
local control.  There would be no local dispatchers and Police Chief Chuck DiPiazza had also determined that he would need to hire
one more police officer for night duty.  

“The night dispatcher is available to call additional assistance if the single third-shift officer needs assistance and (the dispatcher) is
available to assist in the supervision of female suspects.”

DiPiazza also told the City Council that Evansville, Janesville, and Beloit, were the only municipalities in the county who had 24-hour
police, fire and EMS dispatching.  All of the others were dispatched from a central dispatching service that had been set up for
several years.  “The only change we’ll see is that we won’t have dispatchers here 24-hours of the day,” DiPiazza told the Council.

Several dispatchers protested that the 911 system would cause a reduction in service to the local community.  Citizens were worried
that the dispatchers at the office in Janesville would not send out local emergency units or handle non-emergency calls.  

There were also concerns that the Janesville and Beloit calls would be given priority over the emergency calls that came in from the
smaller citizens and townships in Rock County.  “Any reduction in service is too high of a price to pay,” one local dispatcher told the
City Council.

Local dispatchers also kept the City Hall open 24 hours a day.  Dispatchers and citizens also told the Council that local control gave
the best service.

Many people wanted Evansville to establish its own 911 system.  However, when the Council considered the cost of the equipment
and the personnel costs, it quickly became obvious that the Rock County Sheriff’s proposal for a 911 system was the least costly
option.

Protestors made the City Council reluctant to make a decision on the 911 service.  Rather than make the decision at a Council
meeting, the Councilmen voted to place the question on a referendum in the spring election of 1993.  By that time, most citizens who
voted in the election were in favor of the central dispatch system.  The vote was 463 to 387 in favor of Evansville joining the Rock
County Sheriff’s 911 system.


Police Chief on Evansville School Board

Evansville’s Police Chief ran for a seat on the Evansville School Board and was elected for a three year term in the spring of 1993.  
“I have experience in dealing with the youths, parents, school officials and teachers,” DiPiazza told an Evansville Review reporter
during the campaign.

Dog Rescue

Two police officers were involved in an icy-water rescue of a stray dog in February 1993.  Dave Gallman had captured a stray dog
and was taking him to the city dog pound at the wastewater treatment facility when the dog jumped out of the squad and escaped.  

Gallman chased the dog, but could not catch it.  The wastewater treatment facility was fenced in, so Gallman locked the gate and left
the dog to calm down.   

A short while later, Gallman and Scott McElroy returned to check on the dog and discovered he had broken through the ice and was
swimming in one of the wastewater treatment ponds.  The officers and two citizens, who happened to be nearby, took a row boat out
onto the pond and rescued the dog from the icy water.  After the dog received some warming treatments, he was released to his
owner.

Tavern Burglar

Officer Scott McElroy was involved in the investigation and successful apprehension of a burglar who broke into an Evansville tavern
and a variety store.  McElroy followed a trail of evidence and worked with the Winnebago County Sheriff’s deputies in the Rockford,
Illinois area.  

The suspect, a Rockford resident, confessed to a series of burglaries in Wisconsin’s small towns.  He thought that once he was
safely across the Wisconsin border, into Illinois, that he would never be found.  

When the investigation was completed, police discovered that the man had stolen more than $11,000 in merchandise, 509 cartons
of cigarettes and a 1993 Honda motorcycle.  The burglar was also taking a home-study course for lock-smiths, including  electrical
home security systems.

His efforts in the investigation earned McElroy a promotion to Uniformed Investigator.  On April 1, 1993, Chief DiPiazza announced
the promotion. “Scott’s duties are no longer limited to regular patrol assignments, they now include investigations and follow-ups for
the department.  Scott’s enthusiasm through requests for specialized training investigations, his knack and rapport for interviews
and professional and diligent investigations, I publicly salute and commend his performance, and promote him within,”  DiPiazza said
in a news release announcing McElroy’s promotion.

911 System Finally Implemented

On December 3, 1993, the long-awaited 911 system went into effect.  Some of the local dispatchers were hired to work at the 911
dispatching system at the Rock County Sheriff’s 911 system.  

Betty Dunphy, an Evansville dispatcher, became the secretary for the local police department.  For several weeks during the
implementation of the 911 system, the Evansville Police Chief placed notices in the local papers to instruct citizens on how to use the
new system.

“If you have an emergency and you need help right away, dial 911.  Never think that your emergency is not large enough to dial
911.  This is a universal phone number for emergencies, and we want everyone to feel comfortable to utilize it,” DiPiazza said.

To improve communications, the local police squad cars were equipped with computers that were connected to the dispatching
system.  The new technology allowed officers to check for vehicle and driver’s license information from the Wisconsin Department of
Transportation.  The officers could also community with other officers by computer, rather than using the radio.

In his annual report of statistics for 1993, Chief Charles DiPiazza said that Evansville police responded to 3, 164 complains or calls.  
The list included 1 armed robberies, 8 sex offenses, 8 batteries, 6 burglaries,  22 these of $200 or more, 25 thefts of $50 - $200, 7
automobile thefts, 11 weapons complaints and 54 criminal damage complaints.  Most calls were for what DiPiazza referred to as
“assist public” and the calls were for unlocking vehicles and homes, delivering messages, and checking houses when the owners
were on vacation.

Major Crime Stories

The major crime stories of 1994 were drug arrests, burglaries and sexual assault.  Sergeant Art Phillips was patrolling the city on
March 26, 1994, when he spotted a vehicle matching the description of one driven by a suspect in a sexual assault case in the Beloit
area. Phillips stopped the car and arrested the driver.  He then called for Rock County deputies to escort the suspect to jail.

A month later, Officer William Fitters stopped a vehicle and discovered that the driver was wanted by the Beloit Police Department.  
When he searched the vehicle, Fitters found 5 rocks of crack cocaine in the glove box.  

A news release about the incident was placed in the Evansville Review.  DiPiazza commended Fitters for “a job well done and
assisting in the fight against drugs within the community.”  

In August 1994, Evansville officers assisted the Rock County Metro Narcotics Unit and the Rock County Sheriff’s Deputies in
arresting nine people in the Evansville area.  Chief DiPiazza told a local reporter, “We are well aware that these arrests will not clear
the drug problems in our community.  Although, I believe that these arrest will raise a few eyebrows and send the message that we
are dealing with a problem and I have made this one of the top priorities.”

To increase awareness of the drug problems, the Evansville Police Department participated in the DARE program at the elementary
school.  A “Quick 50” program was started in the Middle School and High School in the fall of 1994.  “Quick 50” offered $50 for
information that led to an arrest for drug sales, or other crimes.

Two Evansville officers also attended drug training to learn the latest techniques in solving drug cases.   DiPiazza also wanted to
introduce the K-9 program and use a dog that had been trained to catch drug dealers and users.  The K-9 program was never
funded.

Costs for Police Protection Increase

During DiPiazza’s administration, the cost for police protection in Evansville increased.  The Police Chief issued a statement
comparing the costs in Evansville to other Wisconsin municipalities cost for police protection.  Citizn annual statistics gathered by the
Wisconsin Taxpayers Alliance, DiPiazza issued a statement in the Evansville Review that Evansville’s costs in 1993 were higher than
the average for cities in the same population class.  The average cost in other cities in the same population range was $114.20 per
capita, while Evansville’s cost was $139.08 per capita.

The 24-hour service to the community meant that some officers worked 12-hour shifts.  DiPiazza arranged the scheduling with six full-
time officers.  Part-time officers covered the hours that the full time policemen were off duty.  

However, it was difficult to keep part-time officers on the force and there was substantial turnover of part-time patrolmen hired by the
Evansville Police Department.  Several times each year, the city Council was asked to approve new appointments to the roster.  

New Part-time Officers

In April 1993, Officer Timothy Fischer transferred to the Evansville Public Works department and became the sexton of Maple Hill
Cemetery.  Michael Laufenberg was approved as a part-time officer at the Nov. 9, 1993 meeting of the City Council.

A few months later, at the May 1994 Public Safety Committee meeting, DiPiazza requested that he be allowed to hire additional part-
time officers.  He was anticipating that he would need substitutes for officers that were on vacation.  DiPiazza also requested an
unpaid intern to help with the department’s paperwork.

Several candidates were interviewed and DiPiazza chose Timothy J. Menke, Randi S. Terhaar and Todd A. Freeman as part-time,
on-call police officers.  The addition of the three men was approved at the Aug. 9, 1994 City Council meeting.

In the fall of 1994, Sergeant Art Phillips and Officer Roger Brigson were on sick leave and DiPiazza made another request to the
Public Safety Committee to allow him to hire another part-time officer.  

The committee approved the request and the City Council approved Greg Peckham as a part-time officer in November 1994.  At the
December meeting of the Public Safety Committee, David Rossmiller was approved as a new officer.  By July 1995, the Evansville
Police Department had 13 part-time officers and six full-time officers.

With so many part-time officers, DiPiazza requested that there also be a supervisor on duty for every shift.  His request was granted
and Dave Gallman was promoted to Corporal on the day shift and received supervisory training, but no increase in salary.

A few months later in January 1995, DiPIazza requested that another Corporal be added to the night shift.  Again the request was
granted by the Public Safety Committee and Roger Brigson was promoted to Corporal.

Training was required for new recruits and DiPiazza also approved training for the more experienced members of the force.  
Seminarys on fingerprinting techniques, profiling of criminal personalities and operation of a new intoxilizer were only a few of the
seminaries that were approved for the full-time and part-time officers.  

The intoxilizer was an improved model of the old breathalyzer machine.  It provided a digitized readout of results and the operator
had no control over the outcome of the procedure.  

The Move of the Police Department from City Hall

As more personnel were added to the roster of the department, office space in Evansville’s City Hall was so crowded that in the
summer of 1994, the City Council began the process of relocating the police and emergency medical personnel.  The police
department had three small rooms in the City Hall and the EMS ambulances and equipment were in the basement of the City Hall.

One of the sites considered for the police and emergencies services was the old Water and Light building on Exchange Street.  The
old railroad depot was also considered.  The third site was the Wisconsin Gas Company building on East Main Street.  

It took several months for the City Council to finalize their decision and purchase the Wisconsin Gas Company offices.  At their Nov.
21, 1994 meeting the Council approved the purchase of the building for $93,500.  The papers were signed in January 1995 and the
Council requested bids for remodeling the building to meet the needs of the police department.  

Remodeling the New Police Department Offices

Magee Construction was awarded the bid for construction of several offices, training rooms, storage and a reception area at a cost
of $7,527.96.  The construction was completed in March 1995.  A new sign was purchased from Sullivan Signs in Janesville to
promote the new location.  The large sign was placed on the front lawn of the new offices.  

The Police Department hosted an open house in June 1996 and a Chamber of Commerce Business After Hours meeting at their
new location.  Business owners, City officials and citizens were greeted by DiPiazza and several of the police officers, who shared
information about the new facility and police procedures.

“Our visitors learned more of what we are all about.  We are a professional police department here to protect and serve the citizens
and business community of Evansville,” DiPiazza said after the event.

Burglar Found

Several members of the police staff received special recognition in April 1995.  Corporal David Gallman and Office William Fitters
were acknowledge for their excellent work and professionalism in handling a suspect who had pointed a gun at another person.  
Gallman and Fitters resolved the situation, without injury to anyone.  

A month later, Scott McElroy and Art Phillips were recognized for their work in solving what the two officers called a “text book case
of detective work.”  Several units of a warehouse were broken into and burglarized of goods valued in excess of $15,000, including a
Harley Davidson motorcycle, a compressor and tools.  

McElroy and Phillips were able to get fingerprints and other evidence.  They also interviewed witnesses who said they saw the
burglar put items into a small U-Hall truck.  The two police officers contacted Rock and Dane County detectives for assistance in
solving the crime.  

McElroy also contacted truck rental companies and after questioning the dealers, discovered that the type of truck used by the
burglar could only be rented from one dealership in the area.  After check the dealer’s records, McElroy and Phillips found that the
time and mileage information on the rental records were consistent with the time of the burglary and the mileage to and from the
Evansville warehouses.

The rental was made by an Oregon village resident who had recently been released from prison.  Dane County authorities issued a
search warrant for the suspect’s home and when the premises were searched none of the missing items were found.  However, a
rental receipt found at the suspect’s residence led the officers to another storage warehouse in Dane County.  

Another search warrant was obtained, based on the rental receipt and the stolen items were found in this unit.  The burglar was
visiting his parole officer while the search was underway.  He was arrested for the theft of the motorcycle and other items.   

McElroy and Phillips said it was a “fun case to work on,” chasing the right evidence and putting all the pieces of the puzzle together
for the successful solution to the crime.  They were given certificates of Commendation at the May 1995 meeting of the Public Safety
Committee.  Secretary Betty Dunphy Katzenmeyer was also given a certificate for her work in compiling and typing the records of the
investigation.

Checking Business Doors Leads to Arrest

In another 1995, an element of perfect timing led to the arrest of two burglars.  Chief DiPiazza established a foot patrol for night shift
police officers.  The patrolmen walked a beat through the business district, checking for locked doors at business establishments.  
The Chief hoped this would prevent burglaries.

One evening in late August, officer William Fitters was checking doors of businesses in the downtown area when he saw two men
getting into a car parked in a lot behind several local businesses.  Fitters noticed toolboxes marked with the name of a local
business in the rear seat of the suspect’s car.  He also discovered that the company’s truck storage doors had been pried open.  

Fitters called for Corporal David Gallman and when Gallman arrived in the squad car, the officers arrested the suspects.  The
burglars, two men from Illinois, were charged with felony theft and possession of burglary tools.

“Law enforcement officers rarely catch the burglar in the act.  A rarity of catching the suspects at the scene is a feather in the officer’
s hat,” DiPiazza said of Fitters.  After the arrests, officers discovered that the men were wanted for other felonies.  Fitters was
commended by DiPiazza, who continued to publicize the good work of his officers with weekly columns itemizing the daily log of the
calls for police assistance.  

School Crossing Guard Programs

For many years, safety programs were part of Evansville police work.  In the summer of 1995, Chief DiPiazza, school
representatives, parents, and the Evansville City Council worked to organize an adult crossing guard program.  

Adult crossing guards had been used at intersections near the schools.  The Safety Patrol program, started in the 1940s, continued
under the supervision of a teacher.  The adult crossing guards would supplement the student guards at the busiest corners.  

Scott McElroy had recommended the adult crossing guards and had witnessed the effectiveness of a similar program when he
worked at the Waunakee Police Department.  DiPiazza recognized the merit of the program and after several meetings, got the City
Council to agree to fund the program together with the school district.  


Part-time Officers Hiring Continues

The turnover of part-time personnel continued and the Public Safety Committee and the City Council honored Chief DiPiazza’s
request for recruiting additional police officers.  At the May 1995 meeting of the Public Safety Council, Troy D. Faust, Kyle W.
Reddy, Jeffery L. Fry and Debora A. Strebe were hired as part-time officers.  A few months later, in August 1995, Dan Courtier was
hired as a part-time officer.

Chief DiPiazza also hired Wally Fellows as a seasonal employee to assist with paper work.  Fellows, a University of Wisconsin-
Platteville student, was one of the original members of the Police Explorer Troop organized by Chief DiPiazza.  

The following year, the City Council and the Public safety Committee began to question DiPiazza’s hiring practices.  In 1966 there
were personnel and scheduling problems.  The cost of training new officers and the amount of supervision needed for new
personnel were the issues of greatest concern.  

The turnover rate for police personnel, particularly among part-time officers was higher than any other department in the City.  
However, to maintain 24-hour staffing of the department, DiPiazza was given permission to continue to hire part-time officers.

Charles Bash was hired as part-time officer in March 1996.  Bash and Gregory R. Helt were also named animal control officers.  
Aaron Dammen was approved as a part-time officer in June 1996 and in August Larry Schwartzlow was hired as a part-time officer.

When Officer Michael Goetz was seriously injured in an automobile accident in October 1996, there was another unexpected
shortage of staff in the department.  Goetz was off duty and in his personal vehicle when he was involved in a three-vehicle accident
just north of Evansville.  Goetz’s vehicle overturned and he was pinned beneath the car.  

His fellow officers responded to the call and were on hand to help emergency workers extricate him from beneath the car.  When he
was freed from the wreckage, Goetz was transported by Med Flight to a Madison hospital.  He was listed in critical condition for
several days.  After several weeks, Goetz was able to return to duty on the Evansville Police force.  

Serious Crimes In 1996

Vandalism and an armed robbery were reported as the most serious crimes of 1996.  In the summer, the bathrooms at the park and
other park facilities were damaged and the City Council and Park Board members called for citizens to aid police in catching the
vandals.  In the fall of 1996, vandalism to the army tank in the park prompted DiPiazza to call for help in catching the perpetrators.  
“Police can use help on this matter.  Anyone with information, please call the Evansville Police.  Callers can remain anonymous,”
DiPiazza said in a news release to the Evansville Review.

In December 1996, a teenager attempted to rob a video store clerk at gunpoint.  When the robber left the store, the clerk called 911
and gave a description of the get-away car and the robber.

Evansville Police Officer Greg Peckham responded and got information from the clerk and customers.  Sergeant Art Phillips, who
was also on duty, spotted the get-away car heading east on Main Street.  

Phillips pursued the vehicle and noted that there were three people in the car.  Phillips saw the car door open and thought they
occupants had tossed something from the vehicle.  Greg Peckham followed Phillips’ description of the location of the car-door-
opening incident and recovered a loaded 22-caliber rifle lying near the curb on East Main Street.  

Rock County Deputies were called to respond.  Phillips and the deputies stopped the car at the intersection of Highway 14 and
County Highway M.  The three suspects were taken into custody at gunpoint.

After the arrest, the store clerk identified the young man who was suspected of robbing the store.   DiPiazza once again commended
the work of his officers in apprehending the criminals.  

Budgeting For Police Service

Budgeting for police personnel and equipment was an annual tug-of-war between the Police Chief and the Finance Committee of the
City council.  In an attempt to keep the Police Department equipment up-to-date, DiPiazza asked for several new items in the 1997
budget.  He requested a new squad car that he estimated would cost $18,000; cellular phones for the squad cars; a new fingerprint
kit; strobe lights for the squads; new software programs; filing cabinets; and stinger spikes.  The spikes were expected to cost $500
each.

Controversy, But No Resolution

Although it was not a budget item, businessmen also expected police to enforce 2-hour parking on Main and Madison Streets.  After
a series of meetings, the City Council agreed to have the police increase enforcement of the 2-hour parking limits.  

Yet, after tickets were issued, many protested, including businessmen who received tickets for violating the two-hour parking rules.  
The police were caught in the middle.   

Then the location of the police department was raised as an issue in 1997.  The City Council was wrestling with the need to make
the City Hall accessible to all.  Four options were presented as solutions to the accessibility problem.

One option was to place all city offices, including the police department, in the former Piggly Wiggly Store near the City limits on
South Madison Street.  Another option was to place the police department in the former Dean Clinic building on West Church Street.
A third option was to build a new City Hall on the site of the police department on East Main Street and a fourth option was to
remodel the existing City Hall.  

The options were placed on a non-binding referendum with the election scheduled for November 1997.  The citizens gave the nod to
remodeling City Hall and purchasing the Dean Clinic property.  The Evansville citizens and Councilmen continued to argue about the
issue and no resolution was reached.  

The City offices continued in the City Hall and the police remained in the East Main Street location.  Police Sergeant Roger Brigson
and part-time officer Larry Schwartzlow spent several hours improving the landscaping at the police department.  In his weekly
column “Talk of the City,” City Administrator Mike Davis commended the two officers for the work in beautifying the property.

Personnel changes in 1997

Personnel changes in 1997 included the resignation of Corporal Dave Gallman in January.  He took a factory job in Janesville.  
DuWayne Malphy was added as a part-time police officer in July 1997 and Chief DiPiazza reported to the Public Safety Committee
that Malphy completed his training in January 1998.

Chief Charles DiPiazza submitted his resignation in October 1997.  Earlier in the year, Madison, Janesville and Evansville newspaper
reported that he applied for the Sheriff of Dane County, but did not get the job.  He remained in Evansville only a few more months.  

In commenting on DiPiazza’s resignation, City Administrator Mike Davis said the settlement reached between the City of Evansville
and DiPiazza  included a salary of $36,000 in salary and $14,000 in benefits.  The funds will “help facilitate his interest in pursuing
other opportunities,”   Davis said.

The City Council appointed Investigator Scot McElroy as the Acting Police Chief on October 16, 1997.  The recruitment for a new
Chief began immediately.

In part, the advertisement for a new Chief red:  “Police Chief Sought.  Starting salary is $37,800 - $41,650.  The Chief of Police
manages a full time law enforcement agency consisting of seven full-time and ten part-time officers, utilizing three squad cars.  The
Chief administers a budget of approximately $555,000 in annual operating expenses.”  

The advertisement went on to note that the City Council was looking for someone with 5 years of law enforcement experience.  
Applicants with supervisory experience or college degrees were preferred.  There were two candidates from the local police
department who made the final cut of the applicants who submitted resumes and references, Scott McElroy and Arthur Phillips.  The
process of selecting a new chief took several months.  

Personnel Changes 1998

Recruitment of officers continued.  In January 1998 three new part-time officers were placed on the department’s staff, Troy
MacMiller, Ryan Losby, and Jay Koehler.  

The officers continued to improve their skills and offered new services to the citizens of Evansville.  At the January 22, 1998 meeting
of the Public Safety Committee, Acting Chief McElroy announced that Officer Mike Goetz attended Salvage vehicle inspector school
and was qualified to be salvage inspector.

McElroy encouraged the staff to participate in seminars and other educational programs.  A few months later, Roger Brigson took a
training course in sexual abuse and family abuse of children.  

McElroy attended monthly meetings of the Police Chiefs in Rock County.  The Chiefs discussed activities in their departments and
worked with other law enforcement agencies to develop grant applications for new computer technology.

A grant for new computers for the police department office and squad cars began in early February 1998 with research.  The
software package included a uniform crime report that could be used throughout Rock County.  The report would create better
communication between the various police departments, the sheriff’s department, and other law enforcement agencies.

McElroy was also pursuing the purchase of a new generator for the computers and other electronic equipment.  In case of a power
outage, the equipment would continue to operate.

In the early months of 1998, the final decision was made on the selection of Evansville’s Police Chief.  Before the final interviews, Art
Phillips made a decision to remove himself from the field of candidates and remain on the force as an officer.  He was promoted to
Lieutenant on March 26, 1998.

Mayor Steve DiSalvo announced his decision to appoint Scott McElroy as the new Chief and explained, “I believe Scott will serve
Evansville well due to his experience as an officer and long-time resident of Evansville.” The City Council approved DiSalvo’s choice
and Scott McElroy became Evansville’s Police Chief on March 19, 1998.

McElroy came to the job with one of the most impressive educational backgrounds of any previous Chief.  Throughout his career as
a police officer he had pursued advanced education and training.  

McElroy received an Associate Degree in Police Science from Blackhawk Technical College in 1985 and continued classwork at
Mount Scenario College in Ladysmith, where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in criminal justice in 1990.  In 1996, McElroy
received a Master of Science in Continuing, Adult, and Vocation Education from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Changes in 1998

Two events in 1998 were particularly stressful for the new Chief and his staff.  In November 1998, Sergeant Roger Brigson died after
a long battle with melanoma (skin cancer).  The Evansville Police Department, in cooperation with officers from the Rock County
Sheriff's Department, gave Brigson a full police funeral.  A long line of police and sheriff's deputies' cars led the funeral procession
through Evansville as Brigson's remains were taken from the funeral service in Janesville to a cemetery in Monona.

Lieutenant Art Phillips helped train Brigson when he was new to the Evansville Police Department.  “He was always trying to improve
himself with specialized training and he loved police work,” Phillips said of Brigson.  

McElroy called Brigson, “ great professional and a wonderful family man.”  

The Public Safety Committee, on behalf of the City of Evansville, donated money to the Madison Area Technical College Police
Science Scholarship Fund and to the Rock County Humane Society as memorials to Brigson.

The following week, a school bus accident brought Chief Scott McElroy and other Evansville officers to a scene every officer dreads,
one that involves family members.

As soon as the call came over the police department radios, McElroy knew that his children were on the bus that had overturned on
Hwy 213, south of Evansville.  Fortunately, there were no deaths and injuries to the bus passengers and driver were minimal.

The roster of the Evansville Police Department in January 1999 included Chief Scott McElroy, Lietenant Arthur E. Phillips, full-time
patrolmen Michael S. Goestz, William F. Fitters, and Michael C. Laufenberg.  The department secretary was Betty Katzenmeyer.

Following the promotion of McElroy and the death of brigson, the department had been down to five full-time officers and new
appointments were scheduled for the City Council meeting on January 12, 1999.  Troy MacMiller, a part-time officer, was named a
full-time officer.  Richard Buroken was named a full-time officer and Kay Koehler, a permanent part-time officer.  

New Officers Names in 1999

Chief McElroy continued his education by enrolling in the Certified Public Management Program at the University of Wisconsin-
Madison.  The program included management and supervisory training in 300 hours of classroom study.  

McElroy also received his 5-year certification from the Wisconsin Technical College System to teach classes in criminal justice and
management.  He taught classes at Blackhawk Technical College, Concordia and Mount Scenario.  

Lieutenant Arthur Phillips reflected on the changes in Police Work as the department looked to the beginning of a new century.  
Technology and improved communications were some of the most dramatic changes.  Phillips also noted increased domestic and
family disturbances and lack of respect for each other and police officers.  

Chief Scott McElroy noted the changes in his responsibilities as he moved from being a Union representative for the department to
negotiating as an administrator with the Teamsters Union.  He also noted that accidents involving family and friends, sucha s the bus
accident in 1998 and Office Mike Goetz’s accident several years earlier as being especially stressful.  

Both men also noted increases in burglaries, worthless checks and forgeries.  “The police department is most often called to deal
with people at their worst.  No one ever calls to say they are having a good day,” McElroy said in an interview about his police
service.

McElroy said his philosophy for administration of the department was to maintain a small town atmosphere but utilize the most
sophisticated technology possible.  He also encourages his staff to pursue education, professionalism, consistency and honesty, as
they deal with people who are not always on their best behavior.

From the earliest marshals to the present day police officers, Evansville’s policemen have been called to “Protect and Service” the
residents of the community.

AUTHOR’S NOTE:  This article would not have been completed without the assistance of Richard “Lefty” Luers, Arthur Phillips, Scott
McEroy and Betty Katzenmeyer who provided information and photographs.  





















April 12, 1894, Evansville Review, Evansville,
Wisconsin

Click on image to enlarge
August 18, 1880, Evansville Review, p. 3,
col. 4, Evansville, Wisconsin
In 1947, the Evansville Police
Department purchased new radio
equipment and no longer relied on
the telephone operators for
emergency calls.  Donovan Every
photographed the police officers at
the police radio desk in the Evansville
City Hall. From left to right are Officer
Lynn Wall, Police Chief Orvin Nimmo,
and Officer William A. Faust.

Click on photo to enlarge
Click on image to
enlarge
Cal Broughton, professional
baseball player and
Evansville's first elected police
chief.
September 19, 1896, The Badger, Evansville,
Wisconsin
Evansville City Hall, with jail, built 1892-3
Chief of Police Brink has just sent in his
report to the state board of control.  
Among the items of interest we note the
following summaries.  Number of
vagrants, 248, number of arrests, 16,
number of insane 2.
October 10, 1896, Badger, p. 1, col. 3,
Evansville, Wisconsin
June 17, 1965, Evansville Review, p. 1,
Evansville, Wisconsin
June 4, 1896,
Evansville Review,
Evansville,
Wisconsin
October 13, 1900, The Badger, p. 1,
co l. 5, Evansville, Wisconsin
March 28, 1940, Evansville
Review, p. 1, & 8, Evansville,
Wisconsin
Sexton of Maple Hill Scrapbook, 1945